101 Dalmatians
One hundred and one dalmatians ver2.jpg
Theatrical release poster
Directed byStephen Herek
Screenplay byJohn Hughes
Based onThe Hundred and One Dalmatians
by Dodie Smith
Produced by
  • John Hughes
  • Ricardo Mestres
Starring
CinematographyAdrian Biddle
Edited byTrudy Ship
Music byMichael Kamen
Production
companies
Distributed byBuena Vista Pictures Distribution[1]
Release dates
  • November 18, 1996 (1996-11-18) (New York City)
  • November 24, 1996 (1996-11-24) (Hollywood)
  • November 27, 1996 (1996-11-27) (United States)
Running time
103 minutes[3]
CountryUnited States
LanguageEnglish
Budget$67 million[4]
Box office$320.7 million[3]

101 Dalmatians is a 1996 American adventure comedy film,[1] which is a live-action adaptation of Walt Disney’s 1961 animated film of almost the same name, itself an adaptation of Dodie Smith's 1956 novel The Hundred and One Dalmatians. Directed by Stephen Herek and co-produced by John Hughes (who also wrote the script) and Ricardo Mestres, it stars Glenn Close, Jeff Daniels, Joely Richardson, Joan Plowright, Hugh Laurie, Mark Williams, and Tim McInnerny. Unlike the 1961 animated film, none of the animals speak.

101 Dalmatians was released on November 27, 1996. It grossed $320 million in theaters against a $67 million budget, making it the sixth highest-grossing film of 1996. Close was nominated for the Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy,[5] while the film was nominated for a BAFTA Award for Best Makeup and Hair. A sequel, 102 Dalmatians, was released on November 22, 2000, with Glenn Close and Tim McInnerny reprising their roles while a reboot, Cruella, directed by Craig Gillespie was released on May 28, 2021.

Plot

Glenn Close at a costume fitting for her role as Cruella de Vil
Glenn Close at a costume fitting for her role as Cruella de Vil

American video game designer Roger Dearly lives with his pet Dalmatian Pongo in London. One day, Pongo sets his eyes on a female Dalmatian named Perdita. After a frantic chase through the streets of London that ends in St. James's Park, Roger discovers that Pongo likes Perdita. Her owner, Anita Campbell-Green falls in love with Roger when they meet. They both fall into the lake as a result of their dogs chasing each other, but they return to Roger's home and Anita accepts his proposal. They get married along with Perdita and Pongo. Anita works as a fashion designer at the House of de Vil. Her boss, the diabolical, yet glamorous Cruella de Vil, has a deep passion for fur, going so far as to have a taxidermist, Mr. Skinner, skin a female white tiger named Sue-Ling at the London Zoo to make her into a rug for her. Anita, inspired by her Dalmatian, designs a coat made with spotted fur. Cruella is intrigued by the idea of making garments out of actual Dalmatians, and finds it amusing that it would seem as if she was wearing Anita's dog.

Anita soon discovers that Perdita is pregnant and is then informed that Anita is too, much to her shock. Sometime later, Cruella visits their home and expresses contempt upon meeting Roger. Her initial disgust at them having a baby turns to excitement when she finds out Perdita is expecting too. Several weeks later, she returns when a litter of 15 puppies are born and offers Roger and Anita £7,500 for them, but they refuse. Enraged, Cruella dismisses Anita and vows revenge against her and Roger. One winter evening, she has her henchmen, Jasper and Horace, break into their home and steal the puppies, while Roger and Anita are walking in the park with Pongo and Perdita. Along with 84 other Dalmatians that were previously stolen, they deliver them to her ancient country estate, De Vil Mansion. Cruella also asks Skinner to kill and skin them to create her coat.

With the family devastated at the loss of their puppies, Pongo uses the twilight bark to carry the message via the dogs and other animals of Great Britain, while Roger and Anita notify the Metropolitan Police. Anita uses her insight and realizes Cruella was behind the kidnapping of the puppies. She confirms her suspicion when she shows Roger her portfolio. An Airedale Terrier named Kipper who had witnessed the stolen puppies follows Jasper and Horace to the mansion, and finds all of them inside, before helping them escape under the duo's noses. They make their way to a nearby farm, where they are later joined by Pongo and Perdita. Cruella arrives at the mansion and soon discovers what has happened. Angry with the thieves' failure, she decides to carry out the job herself, while Jasper and Horace attempt to search for them also. After several mishaps, Jasper and Horace discover nearby police looking for Cruella and hand themselves in, joining Skinner who was attacked in defense earlier while trying to kill Lucky (one of the 15 puppies), who had been left behind.

Meanwhile, Cruella tracks the puppies to the farm where they are hiding and tries to kill them. The farm animals carry out a plan to take down Cruella while the puppies escape. They steal her hat, drop a pig on her, cause her to fall into a vat of molasses and finally get flung into a pigpen, defeating her. The police arrive just in time to arrest a now filthy Cruella who is taken into custody along with Jasper, Horace and Skinner. As she berates them for their failures as well as the downfall of her business and reputation, they are all sprayed by the skunk that snuck into her car before she went to the farm.

All of the fleeing dalmatians are found and sent home via the Suffolk Constabulary. Pongo, Perdita and their puppies are reunited with Roger, Anita and Nanny. After being informed that the remaining 84 puppies have no home to go to, as they have not yet been claimed by their original owners, they decide to adopt them. Roger designs a successful video game featuring dalmatian puppies as the protagonists and Cruella as the villain, with this success they move out of London to the countryside with their millions. Roger and Anita have a baby girl, and a year later the puppies have grown up with puppies of their own.

Cast

Production

The animatronic creatures used in the film are provided by Jim Henson's Creature Shop.[6] Producer Edward S. Feldman guaranteed the adoption of every puppy used on the film. Over 300 Dalmatian puppies were used over the course of filming, because "we could only use them when they were 5 or 6 weeks old and at their cutest."[4] Filming took place at Shepperton Studios in London.

John Hughes, who wrote the film's screenplay, approached Glenn Close for the role of Cruella de Vil, but she initially turned it down. The film's costume designer Anthony Powell, who was working with Close on the Broadway show Sunset Boulevard, then convinced her to take it.[4]

Minster Court was used as the exterior of Cruella de Vil's fashion house.[7] Sarum Chase was used as the exterior of her home.[7] Cruella's car is a modified 1976 Panther De Ville.[8]

Release

Box office

101 Dalmatians was released in the United States on November 27, 1996. The UK premiere of the film was held on December 4, 1996, at the Royal Albert Hall, London, and the exterior of the Hall was lit with dalmatian spots. It grossed $136.2 million in North America and $320.7 million worldwide.[9][3]

Home media

101 Dalmatians was released on VHS for the first time on April 15, 1997,[10] Laserdisc in early 1997, and on DVD on April 21, 1998.[11] It was re-released on September 16, 2008.

Video game

Reception

On Rotten Tomatoes, 101 Dalmatians has an approval rating of 41% and an average rating of 5.32/10, based on 37 reviews. The site's critic consensus reads: "Neat performance from Glenn Close aside, 101 Dalmatians is a bland, pointless remake."[12] On Metacritic the film has a weighted average score of 49 out of 100, based on 20 critics, indicating "mixed or average reviews".[13] Audiences surveyed by CinemaScore gave the film an average grade of "A" on an A+ to F scale.[14]

Controversy

Animal rights organizations protested the film's release, saying that Dalmatian sales shot up after the premiere, fueled by impulsive purchases of puppies by parents for their children. Being ill-prepared to care for a relatively difficult breed of dog past puppy-hood, many of these new owners eventually surrendered their animals to pounds, where many dogs ended up being euthanized.[15]

Sequel and reboot

Main articles: 102 Dalmatians and Cruella (film)

A sequel, 102 Dalmatians, was released on November 22, 2000.[16] Glenn Close returned in her role. The film's early working title was 101 Dalmatians Returns.[citation needed]

Disney planned a live-action Cruella de Vil reboot film on the title character's origins titled Cruella. Glenn Close acted as an executive producer.[17] Emma Stone played the title role.[18] The film was released on May 28, 2021.[19]

References

  1. ^ a b c "101 Dalmatians". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. Archived from the original on September 17, 2017. Retrieved September 16, 2017.
  2. ^ "101 Dalmatians (1996)". AllMusic. Archived from the original on December 3, 2018. Retrieved December 2, 2018.
  3. ^ a b c "101 Dalmatians (1996)". Box Office Mojo. Archived from the original on July 14, 2019. Retrieved November 5, 2008.
  4. ^ a b c "Hollywood Flashback: Glenn Close First Brought Cruella de Vil to Life in 1996". The Hollywood Reporter. May 28, 2021. Archived from the original on June 7, 2021. Retrieved June 7, 2021.
  5. ^ "Golden Globes". Archived from the original on December 20, 2016. Retrieved March 9, 2016.
  6. ^ "The Jim Henson Company's Creature Shop - Film". www.creatureshop.com. Archived from the original on August 27, 2013.
  7. ^ a b "101 Dalmatians filming locations". Movie-Locations.com. Archived from the original on April 9, 2016. Retrieved October 4, 2014.
  8. ^ "Panther DeVille in "101 Dalmatians"". IMCDb.org. Retrieved July 4, 2021.
  9. ^ Puig, Claudia (December 2, 1996). "'101 Dalmatians' Nabs Top Spot". The Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on November 3, 2012. Retrieved November 3, 2010.
  10. ^ "Dalmatians with car rental". Ad Age. March 27, 1997. Archived from the original on March 27, 1997. Retrieved August 18, 2019.
  11. ^ 101 Dalmatians. ISBN 1558908374.
  12. ^ "101 Dalmatians (1996)". Rotten Tomatoes. Archived from the original on February 1, 2011. Retrieved January 18, 2011.
  13. ^ "101 Dalmatians (1996) Reviews". metacritic.com. Archived from the original on September 3, 2010.
  14. ^ 101 DALMATIANS (1996) A Archived February 6, 2018, at the Wayback Machine CinemaScore
  15. ^ "Activists Protest Disney Dalmations". Cinema.com. August 30, 2000. Archived from the original on April 3, 2016. Retrieved March 22, 2016.
  16. ^ Scott, A. O. (November 22, 2000). "FILM REVIEW; Woof! A Cruella De Vil Who Changes Her Spots (Published 2000)". The New York Times. Archived from the original on May 15, 2021. Retrieved February 15, 2021.
  17. ^ Kit, Borys (November 17, 2011). "Disney Preps Live-Action Cruella de Vil Film (Exclusive)". Hollywoodreporter.com. Archived from the original on October 2, 2013. Retrieved October 2, 2013.
  18. ^ Takeda, Allison (April 26, 2016). "Emma Stone as Cruella de Vil and More Live-Action Fairy-Tale News From Disney". Us Magazine. Archived from the original on June 8, 2016. Retrieved June 10, 2016.
  19. ^ D'Alessandro, Anthony (August 20, 2019). "Amy Adams 'Woman In The Window' Will Now Open In Early Summer, 'Cruella' Moves To 2021". Deadline Hollywood. Archived from the original on August 20, 2019. Retrieved August 20, 2019.