Eastern Hemisphere at the beginning of the 12th century.
Eastern Hemisphere at the beginning of the 12th century.

The 12th century is the period from 1101 to 1200 in accordance with the Julian calendar. In the history of European culture, this period is considered part of the High Middle Ages and is sometimes called the Age of the Cistercians. The Golden Age of Islam experienced a significant development, particularly in Islamic Spain.

In Song dynasty China an invasion by Jurchens caused a political schism of north and south. The Khmer Empire of Cambodia flourished during this century, while the Fatimids of Egypt were overtaken by the Ayyubid dynasty. Following the expansions of the Ghaznavids and Ghurid Empire, the Muslim conquests in the Indian subcontinent took place at the end of the century.

Events

1101–1109

The Ghurid Empire converted to Islam from Buddhism.
The Ghurid Empire converted to Islam from Buddhism.

1110s

1120s

A Black and White Photo of the 12th century Cuenca Cathedral (built from 1182 to 1270) in Cuenca, Spain
A Black and White Photo of the 12th century Cuenca Cathedral (built from 1182 to 1270) in Cuenca, Spain

1130s

The temple complex of Angkor Wat, built during the reign of Suryavarman II in Cambodia of the Khmer Era.
The temple complex of Angkor Wat, built during the reign of Suryavarman II in Cambodia of the Khmer Era.

1140s

Averroes in a 14th-century painting by Andrea di Bonaiuto
Averroes in a 14th-century painting by Andrea di Bonaiuto

1150s

1160s

The Liuhe Pagoda of Hangzhou, China, 1165
The Liuhe Pagoda of Hangzhou, China, 1165

1170s

1180s

Saladin Ayyubi and Guy of Lusignan after Battle of Hattin.

1190-1200

Richard I of England, or Richard the Lionheart.
Richard I of England, or Richard the Lionheart.

Undated

Eastern Hemisphere at the end of the 12th century
Eastern Hemisphere at the end of the 12th century

Inventions, discoveries and introductions by year

See also: Timeline of historic inventions § 12th century

References

  1. ^ Soekmono, R, Drs., Pengantar Sejarah Kebudayaan Indonesia 2, 2nd ed. Penerbit Kanisius, Yogyakarta, 1973, 5th reprint edition in 1988 p.57
  2. ^ Enn Tarvel (2007). Sigtuna hukkumine. Archived 2017-10-11 at the Wayback Machine Haridus, 2007 (7-8), p 38–41
  3. ^ Notice sur les Arabes hilaliens. Ismaël Hamet. p. 248.
  4. ^ Francine Weiss and Mark R. Barnes (May 3, 1989). "National Register of Historic Places Registration: Grand Village of the Natchez Site / Fatherland Plantation Site (22-Ad-501)" (pdf). National Park Service. and Accompanying 3 photos, from 1989. (680 KB)
  5. ^ Warren 1961, p. 129.
  6. ^ Warren 1961, p. 159.
  7. ^ Warren 1961, p. 60-61.
  8. ^ Le Goff, Jacques (1986). The Birth of Purgatory. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. ISBN 0226470822.

Bibliography