The 1738 English cricket season was the 42nd cricket season since the earliest recorded eleven-aside match was played. Details have survived of five top-level matches.
Records have survived of five significant matches, all of which involved London Cricket Club in some form. In three of these matches the opposition was Chislehurst Cricket Club, with Mitcham Cricket Club also playing a match against London. A London and Surrey side played a Kent side in the remaining match.
Two other matches are known to have taken place between Chislehurst and Horsmonden and an advertisement in the Sherborne Mercury is the earliest reference to cricket in Dorset.