1852 United States House of Representatives election in Florida

← 1850 October 5, 1852 1854 →
 
AugustusMaxwell.jpg
Edward Carrington Cabell.jpg
Nominee Augustus Maxwell Edward Carrington Cabell
Party Democratic Whig
Popular vote 4,590 4,568
Percentage 50.12% 49.88%

1852 Florida County US House Results.png
County results
Maxwell:      50–59%      60–69%      70–79%      80–89%
Cabell:      50–59%      60–69%      70–79%
     Tie
     No Votes

Representative before election

Edward Carrington Cabell
Whig

Elected Representative


Augustus Maxwell
Democratic

The 1852 United States House of Representatives election in Florida was held on Tuesday, October 5, 1852, to elect the single United States Representative from the state of Florida, one from the state's single at-large congressional district, to represent Florida in the 33rd Congress. The election coincided with the elections of other offices, including the presidential election, the gubernatorial election, and various state and local elections.[1]

The winning candidate would serve a two-year term in the United States House of Representatives from March 4, 1853, to March 4, 1855.

Candidates

Whig

Nominee

Democratic

Nominee

Campaign

Despite a very popular tenure as a compromise candidate, by 1852, Cabell became very unpopular among Democrats in Florida after a number of smear campaigns accused him of supporting abolitionism. In reality, Cabell was one of Congress' biggest supporters of slavery, and was one of the spearheads behind the Compromise of 1850. Cabell also refused to support the Whig candidate for president, General Winfield Scott, as Scott was perceived to be a trojan horse for abolitionism among many Southern Whigs, most of whom supported President Millard Fillmore at the 1852 Whig National Convention.[2] Cabell opted instead to support the Democratic candidate, former New Hampshire Senator Franklin Pierce, drawing the ire of many staunch Whig supporters in Pensacola.[3][4]

By the time of the election, after guaranteeing that no Democrat would vote for him and Whig turnout for him would be significantly lower, Cabell narrowly lost the election to Maxwell by just 22 votes.

General election

Results

Florida's at-large congressional district election, 1852[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Augustus Maxwell 4,590 50.12% +3.64%
Whig Edward Carrington Cabell (inc.) 4,568 49.88% -3.64%
Majority 22 0.24% -6.81%
Turnout 9,158 100.00%
Democratic gain from Whig

Results by County

County[6][7] Augustus Maxwell
Democratic
Edward Carrington Cabell
Whig
Total
votes
% # % #
Alachua 58.63% 231 41.37% 163 394
Calhoun 43.09% 78 56.91% 103 181
Columbia 47.22% 255 52.78% 285 540
Dade* 0% 0 0% 0 0
Duval 45.30% 275 54.70% 332 607
Escambia 45.89% 212 54.11% 250 462
Franklin 65.23% 167 34.77% 89 256
Gadsden 50.76% 432 49.24% 419 851
Hamilton 50.0% 159 50.0% 159 318
Hernando 61.63% 106 38.37% 66 172
Hillsborough 59.62% 189 40.38% 128 317
Holmes 25.83% 39 74.17% 112 151
Jackson 40.39% 248 59.61% 366 614
Jefferson 64.11% 268 35.89% 150 418
Leon 54.33% 395 45.67% 332 727
Levy 42.67% 32 57.33% 43 75
Madison 44.33% 254 55.67% 319 573
Marion 50.91% 253 49.09% 244 497
Monroe 70.80% 160 29.20% 66 223
Nassau 48.31% 57 51.69% 61 118
Orange 39.71% 27 60.29% 41 68
Putnam 42.64% 55 57.36% 74 129
Santa Rosa 39.39% 167 60.61% 257 424
St. Johns 60.26% 138 39.74% 91 229
St. Lucie 87.50% 7 12.50% 1 8
Wakulla 47.94% 151 52.06% 164 315
Walton 39.36% 111 60.64% 171 282
Washington 60.19% 124 39.81% 82 206
Totals 50.12% 4,590 49.88% 4,568 9,158
*Dade County had no returns.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Our Campaigns - FL At Large Race - Oct 05, 1852". www.ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved 2020-10-17.
  2. ^ Holt, Michael F. (1999-06-17). The Rise and Fall of the American Whig Party: Jacksonian Politics and the Onset of the Civil War. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-977203-2.
  3. ^ "Mr. Cabell and the Whig State Convention". Pensacola Gazette. 1852-07-31. p. 2. Retrieved 2020-10-17.
  4. ^ "Hon. E. C. Cabell". Pensacola Gazette. 1852-09-11. p. 2. Retrieved 2020-10-17.
  5. ^ "FL At Large - 1852". Our Campaigns. Retrieved October 17, 2020.
  6. ^ Clisby, Joseph (November 23, 1852). "State of Florida". Florida Sentinel. p. 2. Retrieved September 7, 2022.
  7. ^ Dyke, Charles E. (October 30, 1852). "Florida Elections". Floridian & Journal. p. 2. Retrieved September 7, 2022.