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Woodcut engraving, published in The Illustrated London News, of the Palácio de Cristal, which was constructed to house the Exhibition
Woodcut engraving, published in The Illustrated London News, of the Palácio de Cristal, which was constructed to house the Exhibition

The Exposição Internacional do Porto, known in English as the International Exhibition of 1865, was a world's fair held in the Portuguese city of Porto. The exhibition was housed inside the grand Palácio de Cristal, which was modelled on the synonymous Crystal Palace erected for The Great Exhibition held during 1851 in London. The building's designer was Anglo-Irish civil engineer Francis Webb Sheilds, who also engineered its construction – he had been the resident engineer for the earlier building between 1852 and 1858.[1][2] The building was demolished in 1951 after hosting many other expositions.[3]

Background

The exhibition was inaugurated on 18 September 1865[4] in the presence of the Portuguese king, Luís I and his consort Maria Pia of Savoy. Upon inauguration, it became the first world's to occur on the Iberian Peninsula. The exhibition was shown until January 1866, and the theme of the event was industrial and trade innovations with an emphasis in primary materials, machinery, manufacture and fine arts.[5]

Organization

Chiefly organized by the Associação Industrial Portuense (today called the Associação Empresarial de Portugal), the exhibition hosted 3,139 exhibitors, of which 499 were French, 265 German, 107 British, 89 Belgian, 62 Brazilian, 24 Spanish, and 16 Danish. Russia, the Netherlands, Turkey, the United States and Japan were also represented.[6]

References

  1. ^ "Minutes of the proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers: volume 168, issue 1907 – Obituary, Francis Webb Wentworth-Sheilds, 1820-1906". ICE virtual library. Institution of Civil Engineers. 2015. ISSN 1753-7843. Retrieved 18 September 2020.
  2. ^ "Death of the Archdeacon's father". Wagga Wagga Express. Vol. XLVII, no. 8255. (Original, Wagga Wagga. Digital reproduction, Canberra: National Library of Australia – Trove digital newspaper archive). 6 March 1906. p. 2. Retrieved 10 September 2020.
  3. ^ CMP (2020-09-18). "155 years ago, Porto inaugurated the magnificent building of the Palácio de Cristal that once stood in the Invicta". www.porto.pt (in Portuguese). Retrieved 2021-03-28.
  4. ^ "O Portal da História - Cronologia do Liberalismo de 1853 a 1868" (in Portuguese). Retrieved 14 December 2016.
  5. ^ CMP (2020-09-18). "155 years ago, Porto inaugurated the magnificent building of the Palácio de Cristal that once stood in the Invicta". www.porto.pt (in Portuguese). Retrieved 2021-03-28.
  6. ^ CMP (2019-09-18). "The glorious Palácio de Cristal that once stood in the Invicta was inaugurated 154 years ago". www.porto.pt (in Portuguese). Retrieved 2021-03-28.