206 seats in the House of Commons
104 seats needed for a majority
1878 Canadian electoral map
The Canadian Parliament after the 1878 election
The 1878 Canadian federal election was held on September 17, 1878 to elect members of the House of Commons of the 4th Parliament of Canada. It resulted in the end of Prime Minister Alexander Mackenzie's Liberal government after only one term in office. Canada suffered an economic depression during Mackenzie's term, and his party was punished by voters for it. The Liberals' policy of free trade also hurt their support with the business establishment in Toronto and Montreal.
Sir John A. Macdonald and his Conservative Party were returned to power after having been defeated four years before amidst scandals over the building of the Canadian Pacific Railway.
|Party||Party leader||# of candidates||Seats||Popular vote|
|Conservative||John A. Macdonald||101||38||85||+118.4%||143,192||26.28%||+7.80pp|
|Sources: http://www.elections.ca -- History of Federal Ridings since 1867|
* Party did not nominate candidates in the previous election.
The following Members of Parliament were elected by acclamation;
|Popular vote (%):||-||49.6||25.5||35.0||5.9||21.7||31.6||26.3|