1892 Democratic National Convention
1892 presidential election
StephenGroverCleveland.png
23 Adlai E. Stevenson 3x4.jpg
Nominees
Cleveland and Stevenson
Convention
Date(s)June 21–23, 1892
CityChicago, Illinois
VenueThe Wigwam
Candidates
Presidential nomineeGrover Cleveland of New York
Vice presidential nomineeAdlai E. Stevenson of Illinois
‹ 1888  ·  1896 ›

The 1892 Democratic National Convention was held in Chicago, Illinois, June 19–June 25, and nominated former President Grover Cleveland, who had been the party's standard-bearer in 1884 and 1888. This marked the last time a former president was renominated by a major party. Adlai E. Stevenson of Illinois was nominated for vice president. The ticket was victorious in the general election, defeating the Republican nominees, President Benjamin Harrison and his running mate, Whitelaw Reid.

The Convention

Presidential Candidates

Cleveland/Stevenson campaign poster
Cleveland/Stevenson campaign poster

By the end of Harrison's term, many Americans were ready to return to Cleveland's hard money policy on the currency question. As Democrats convened in Chicago, Illinois on June 8–June 11, 1892, Cleveland was the frontrunner, but faced formidable opposition. He had come out against the free coinage of silver, thereby earning the enmity of Western and Southern Democrats. Most damaging of all was the opposition of his home state; the New York delegation, packed with Tammany men, frequently demonstrated their hostility to Cleveland's candidacy on the convention floor. However, Cleveland's cause was aided by his position on the tariff, his perceived electability, a strong organization, and the weakness of his rivals' candidacies.[1]

Three names were placed in nomination: Grover Cleveland, David B. Hill, and Horace Boies. With 910 votes apportioned among the delegates, the Democratic Party's two-thirds rule required 601 votes to obtain the nomination. Cleveland received 617.33, to 114 for Senator Hill of New York, the candidate of Tammany Hall, 103 for Governor Boies of Iowa, a populist and former Republican, and the rest scattered. Once Cleveland's victory became clear, delegates moved to make the nomination unanimous, and on the revised first ballot Cleveland obtained all 910 votes.

Presidential Ballot
1st Unanimous
Grover Cleveland 617.33 910
David B. Hill 114
Horace Boies 103
Arthur Pue Gorman 36.5
Adlai E. Stevenson 16.67
John G. Carlisle 14
William Ralls Morrison 3
James E. Campbell 2
Robert E. Pattison 1
William Russell 1
William Collins Whitney 1
Blank 0.5

Source: US President - D Convention. Our Campaigns. (September 7, 2009).


Vice Presidential Candidates

Allen G. Thurman, Cleveland's running mate in 1888, was not re-selected.

Four names were placed in nomination: Isaac P. Gray, Adlai E. Stevenson, Allen B. Morse, and John L. Mitchell. Cleveland forces preferred Gray of Indiana for vice president, but Gray faced opposition due to his past as a Republican.[1] Stevenson of Illinois finished ahead of Gray on the first ballot.[2] Revised first ballot totals gave Stevenson enough votes to obtain the nomination, after which delegates made the selection unanimous. As a supporter of using greenbacks and free silver to inflate the currency and alleviate economic distress in rural districts, Stevenson balanced the ticket headed by Cleveland, a hard-money, gold-standard supporter.[3]

Vice Presidential Ballot
1st Before Shifts 1st After Shifts Unanimous
Adlai E. Stevenson 402 652 910
Isaac P. Gray 343 185
Allen B. Morse 86 62
John L. Mitchell 45 10
Henry Watterson 26 0
William Bourke Cockran 5 0
Horace Boies 1 0
Lambert Tree 1 0
Blank 1 1

Source: US Vice President - D Convention. Our Campaigns. (September 7, 2009).


Platform

The 1892 convention adopted a platform:[4]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Knoles, George Harmon (1942). The Presidential Campaign and Election of 1892, Issues 1-2. Stanford University Press. pp. 90–93. Retrieved 9 October 2015.
  2. ^ William DeGregorio, The Complete Book of U.S. Presidents, Gramercy 1997
  3. ^ Adlai Ewing Stevenson, 23rd Vice President (1893-1897), https://www.senate.gov/artandhistory/history/common/generic/VP_Adlai_Stevenson.htm
  4. ^ Schlesinger. History of American Presidential Elections Volume II 1848-1896. pp. 1733–37.

Further reading

Preceded by
1888
St. Louis, Missouri
Democratic National Conventions Succeeded by
1896
Chicago, Illinois