1896 premiership season
Collingwoodfc.JPG
Collingwood FC, Premier team
Teams13
PremiersCollingwood
(1st premiership)
Matches played118

The 1896 Victorian Football Association season was the 20th season of the Australian rules football competition. It was the final season in which the Association was the highest level of senior football competition in Victoria, with eight of its strongest members leaving the league and establishing the rival Victorian Football League from 1897.

The season was opened on 2 May, and concluded on 3 October with a playoff match for the premiership between the top two teams, in which Collingwood defeated South Melbourne by one goal. It was Collingwood's first VFA premiership.

Premiership season

In 1896, the VFA competition consisted of thirteen teams of 20 on-the-field players each. Because there was an odd number of teams, at least one team had a bye each week; the idle club often travelled to Ballarat to play one of the local senior clubs in a non-premiership match.

When reporting match scores in 1896, the number of goals and behinds scored by each team is given; however, only the number of goals scored is considered when determining the result of a match. This was the final VFA season before the introduction of the modern system of scoring, in which six points is awarded for a goal and one point is awarded for a behind.

Round 1

Round 1[1]
Saturday, 2 May Fitzroy 2.4 def. by Collingwood 6.8 Fitzroy Cricket Ground [2]
Saturday, 2 May Melbourne 5.4 def. by Essendon 9.6 Melbourne Cricket Ground [2]
Saturday, 2 May Geelong 5.3 def. Port Melbourne 4.11 Corio Oval [2]
Saturday, 2 May Richmond 6.3 def. St Kilda 5.16 Richmond Cricket Ground [2]
Saturday, 2 May Footscray 3.7 def. by South Melbourne 5.8 Western Reserve [2]
Saturday, 2 May North Melbourne 6.6 def. Williamstown 2.5 North Melbourne Recreation Reserve [2]
Bye: Carlton

Round 2

Round 2[3]
Saturday, 9 May St Kilda 5.11 def. Fitzroy 2.14 St Kilda Cricket Ground [4]
Saturday, 9 May Footscray 2.8 def. by Melbourne 6.7 Western Reserve [4]
Saturday, 9 May Collingwood 3.12 def. Richmond 0.1 Victoria Park [4]
Saturday, 9 May South Melbourne 5.5 def. North Melbourne 4.3 South Melbourne Cricket Ground [4]
Saturday, 9 May Essendon 10.17 def. Carlton 0.7 East Melbourne Cricket Ground [4]
Saturday, 9 May Port Melbourne 3.2 drew with Williamstown 3.1 Port Melbourne Cricket Ground [4]
Bye: Geelong

Round 3

Round 3[5]
Saturday, 16 May Melbourne 11.8 def. Geelong 9.2 Melbourne Cricket Ground [6]
Saturday, 16 May Fitzroy 4.8 def. by Essendon 5.5 Fitzroy Cricket Ground [6]
Saturday, 16 May Collingwood 4.5 def. South Melbourne 3.2 Victoria Park [6]
Saturday, 16 May Port Melbourne 2.13 drew with Footscray 2.7 Port Melbourne Cricket Ground [6]
Saturday, 16 May Williamstown 6.8 def. Richmond 2.6 Williamstown Cricket Ground [6]
Saturday, 16 May Carlton 2.6 def. by North Melbourne 6.4 University Cricket Ground [6]
Bye: St Kilda

Round 4

Round 4 (Queen's Birthday Weekend)[7]
Saturday, 23 May South Melbourne 8.4 def. Geelong 2.1 South Melbourne Cricket Ground [8]
Saturday, 23 May North Melbourne 2.7 def. by Footscray 4.6 North Melbourne Recreation Reserve [8]
Saturday, 23 May Richmond 3.3 def. by Carlton 6.5 Richmond Cricket Ground [8]
Monday, 25 May Melbourne 5.8 def. by Fitzroy 6.3 Melbourne Cricket Ground [9]
Monday, 25 May Essendon 4.14 def. Collingwood 2.5 East Melbourne Cricket Ground [9]
Monday, 25 May St Kilda 3.8 drew with Williamstown 3.6 St Kilda Cricket Ground [9]
Bye: Port Melbourne

Round 5

Round 5[10]
Saturday, 30 May Fitzroy 3.6 def. North Melbourne 2.4 Fitzroy Cricket Ground [11]
Saturday, 30 May Geelong 2.6 drew with Footscray 2.7 Corio Oval [11]
Saturday, 30 May Melbourne 15.11 def. Williamstown 4.3 Melbourne Cricket Ground [11]
Saturday, 30 May Carlton 3.10 def. by Collingwood 4.8 University Cricket Ground [11]
Saturday, 30 May Essendon 11.6 def. St Kilda 3.6 East Melbourne Cricket Ground [11]
Saturday, 30 May Port Melbourne 9.9 def. Richmond 3.3 Port Melbourne Cricket Ground [11]
Bye: South Melbourne

Round 6

Round 6[12]
Saturday, 13 June Geelong 3.6 def. by Fitzroy 4.8 Corio Oval [13]
Saturday, 13 June Collingwood 4.4 def. Melbourne 2.4 Victoria Park [13]
Saturday, 13 June Essendon 6.7 def. South Melbourne 4.8 East Melbourne Cricket Ground [13]
Saturday, 13 June North Melbourne 5.6 def. Port Melbourne 3.3 North Melbourne Recreation Reserve [13]
Saturday, 13 June Footscray 10.10 def. Richmond 4.8 Western Reserve [13]
Saturday, 13 June St Kilda 5.11 def. Carlton 3.2 St Kilda Cricket Ground [13]
Bye: Williamstown

Round 7

Round 7[14]
Saturday, 20 June Fitzroy 4.13 def. Footscray 1.4 Fitzroy Cricket Ground [15]
Saturday, 20 June Carlton 1.1 drew with Geelong 1.13 Melbourne Cricket Ground [15]
Saturday, 20 June Williamstown 3.5 def. by Collingwood 4.3 Williamstown Cricket Ground [15]
Saturday, 20 June South Melbourne 9.7 def. by Richmond 2.8 South Melbourne Cricket Ground [15]
Saturday, 20 June Essendon 4.13 def. Port Melbourne 2.4 East Melbourne Cricket Ground [15]
Saturday, 20 June St Kilda 1.9 def. by Melbourne 7.4 St Kilda Cricket Ground [15]
Bye: North Melbourne

Round 8

Round 8[16]
Saturday, 27 June Geelong 4.9 def. by Collingwood 5.7 Corio Oval [17]
Saturday, 27 June Melbourne 5.6 def. by South Melbourne 6.3 Melbourne Cricket Ground [17]
Saturday, 27 June Williamstown 3.2 def. by Essendon 7.6 Williamstown Cricket Ground [17]
Saturday, 27 June Carlton 3.5 drew with Port Melbourne 3.6 University Cricket Ground [17]
Saturday, 27 June Footscray 3.6 def. St Kilda 2.7 Western Reserve [17]
Saturday, 27 June Richmond 5.6 def. by North Melbourne 8.11 Richmond Cricket Ground [17]
Bye: Fitzroy

Round 9

Round 9[18]
Saturday, 4 July Carlton 1.2 def. by Fitzroy 3.9 Melbourne Cricket Ground [19]
Saturday, 4 July North Melbourne 4.4 def. Geelong 2.7 North Melbourne Recreation Reserve [19]
Saturday, 4 July Collingwood 3.2 def. St Kilda 0.4 Victoria Park [19]
Saturday, 4 July South Melbourne 4.4 def. Port Melbourne 3.3 South Melbourne Cricket Ground [19]
Saturday, 4 July Richmond 1.4 def. by Essendon 9.9 Richmond Cricket Ground [19]
Saturday, 4 July Williamstown 5.6 def. Footscray 3.3 Williamstown Cricket Ground [19]
Bye: Melbourne

Round 10

Round 10[20]
Saturday, 11 July South Melbourne 3.5 def. Fitzroy 2.7 South Melbourne Cricket Ground [21]
Saturday, 11 July Essendon 2.3 def. by Geelong 4.9 East Melbourne Cricket Ground [21]
Saturday, 11 July Port Melbourne 2.0 def. by Melbourne 5.5 Port Melbourne Cricket Ground [21]
Saturday, 11 July Carlton 3.10 def. by Footscray 5.2 University Cricket Ground [21]
Saturday, 11 July St Kilda 6.9 def. Richmond 1.6 St Kilda Cricket Ground [21]
Saturday, 11 July Williamstown 5.8 def. North Melbourne 3.8 Williamstown Cricket Ground [21]
Bye: Collingwood

Round 11

Round 11[22]
Saturday, 18 July Richmond 2.4 def. by Fitzroy 10.16 Richmond Cricket Ground [23]
Saturday, 18 July Geelong 12.14 def. Williamstown 0.2 Corio Oval [23]
Saturday, 18 July Melbourne 12.8 def. North Melbourne 5.6 Melbourne Cricket Ground [23]
Saturday, 18 July Footscray 4.5 def. by Collingwood 7.5 Western Reserve [23]
Saturday, 18 July South Melbourne 3.16 def. Carlton 1.3 South Melbourne Cricket Ground [23]
Saturday, 18 July Port Melbourne 6.10 def. St Kilda 3.2 Port Melbourne Cricket Ground [23]
Bye: Essendon

Round 12

Round 12[24]
Saturday, 25 July Fitzroy 4.6 def. Port Melbourne 2.4 Fitzroy Cricket Ground [25]
Saturday, 25 July St Kilda 8.5 def. Geelong 5.13 St Kilda Cricket Ground [25]
Saturday, 25 July Melbourne 7.11 def. Carlton 3.4 Melbourne Cricket Ground [25]
Saturday, 25 July North Melbourne 4.4 def. by Collingwood 5.6 North Melbourne Recreation Reserve [25]
Saturday, 25 July Williamstown 3.4 def. by South Melbourne 5.9 Williamstown Cricket Ground [25]
Saturday, 25 July Essendon 10.4 def. Footscray 3.4 East Melbourne Cricket Ground [25]
Bye: Richmond

Round 13

Round 13[26]
Saturday, 1 August Essendon 5.9 def. Fitzroy 2.6 East Melbourne Cricket Ground [27]
Saturday, 1 August Geelong 5.2 def. by Collingwood 8.5 Corio Oval [27]
Saturday, 1 August South Melbourne 2.14 def. Melbourne 0.4 South Melbourne Cricket Ground [27]
Saturday, 1 August Richmond 2.5 def. by Port Melbourne 6.15 Richmond Cricket Ground [27]
Saturday, 1 August Carlton 2.3 def. by Williamstown 3.7 University Cricket Ground [27]
Saturday, 1 August St Kilda 4.13 def. North Melbourne 2.7 St Kilda Cricket Ground [27]
Bye: Footscray

Round 14

Round 14[28]
Saturday, 8 August Fitzroy 10.13 def. Williamstown 3.4 Fitzroy Cricket Ground [29]
Saturday, 8 August Geelong 10.18 def. Richmond 2.4 Corio Oval [29]
Saturday, 8 August Melbourne 14.12 def. Footscray 2.6 Melbourne Cricket Ground [29]
Saturday, 8 August Collingwood 6.6 def. Port Melbourne 4.11 Victoria Park [29]
Saturday, 8 August St Kilda 4.4 def. by South Melbourne 8.10 St Kilda Cricket Ground [29]
Saturday, 8 August North Melbourne 4.1 def. by Essendon 11.10 North Melbourne Recreation Reserve [29]
Bye: Carlton

Round 15

Round 15[30]
Saturday, 15 August Fitzroy 10.13 def. Geelong 5.7 Fitzroy Cricket Ground [31]
Saturday, 15 August Melbourne 6.8 def. Collingwood 4.3 Melbourne Cricket Ground [31]
Saturday, 15 August South Melbourne 5.6 def. Essendon 3.0 South Melbourne Cricket Ground [31]
Saturday, 15 August Williamstown 2.10 def. by Port Melbourne 5.9 Williamstown Cricket Ground [31]
Saturday, 15 August Footscray 7.8 def. Carlton 4.2 Western Reserve [32]
Saturday, 15 August Richmond 4.4 def. by North Melbourne 19.12 Richmond Cricket Ground [31]
Bye: St Kilda

Round 16

Round 16[33]
Saturday, 22 August Port Melbourne 5.4 def. Fitzroy 3.8 Port Melbourne Cricket Ground [34]
Saturday, 22 August Essendon 5.3 def. by Melbourne 7.11 East Melbourne Cricket Ground [34]
Saturday, 22 August South Melbourne 3.10 drew with Collingwood 3.5 South Melbourne Cricket Ground [34]
Saturday, 22 August Footscray 4.4 drew with Williamstown 4.7 Western Reserve [34]
Saturday, 22 August Carlton 5.4 def. St Kilda 3.7 University Cricket Ground [34]
Bye: Geelong, North Melbourne, Richmond

Round 17

Round 17[35]
Saturday, 5 September Fitzroy 5.6 def. Melbourne 3.6 Fitzroy Cricket Ground [36]
Saturday, 5 September St Kilda 6.7 def. Footscray 5.1 St Kilda Cricket Ground [36]
Saturday, 5 September Collingwood 6.8 def. Essendon 3.4 Victoria Park [36]
Saturday, 5 September Geelong 5.6 def. by South Melbourne 6.9 Corio Oval [36]
Saturday, 5 September Richmond 2.1 def. by Williamstown 4.13 Richmond Cricket Ground [36]
Saturday, 5 September North Melbourne 6.6 def. Carlton 1.9 North Melbourne Recreation Reserve [36]
Bye: Port Melbourne
  • These matches were originally to be played on Saturday, 29 August, but inclement weather during the week had rendered the grounds unplayable. As such, this round, and all those which followed it, were postponed by one week.[37]

Round 18

Round 18[38]
Saturday, 12 September Fitzroy 2.15 def. South Melbourne 0.3 Fitzroy Cricket Ground [39]
Saturday, 12 September Port Melbourne 5.7 drew with Geelong 5.5 Port Melbourne Cricket Ground [39]
Saturday, 12 September Richmond 1.8 def. by Melbourne 4.12 Richmond Cricket Ground [39]
Saturday, 12 September Collingwood 9.15 def. Carlton 1.3 Victoria Park [39]
Saturday, 12 September Footscray 5.15 drew with North Melbourne 5.3 Western Reserve [39]
Saturday, 12 September Williamstown 5.10 def. St Kilda 2.3 Williamstown Cricket Ground [39]
Bye: Essendon

Round 19

Round 19[40]
Saturday, 19 September Collingwood 3.8 def. by Fitzroy 4.4 Victoria Park [41]
Saturday, 19 September Geelong 4.7 def. by Melbourne 5.18 Corio Oval [41]
Saturday, 19 September Port Melbourne 3.4 def. by South Melbourne 6.4 Port Melbourne Cricket Ground [41]
Saturday, 19 September Footscray 5.7 def. by Essendon 9.15 Western Reserve [41]
Saturday, 19 September Carlton 2.6 def. by Richmond 5.5 Richmond City Reserve [41]
Saturday, 19 September North Melbourne 6.11 def. St Kilda 4.6 North Melbourne Recreation Reserve [41]
Bye: Williamstown

Round 20

Round 20[42]
Saturday, 26 September Geelong 4.7 def. by Essendon 8.4 Corio Oval [43]
Saturday, 26 September Port Melbourne 3.9 def. North Melbourne 1.10 Port Melbourne Cricket Ground [43]
Saturday, 26 September Richmond 7.5 def. St Kilda 5.7 Richmond City Reserve [43]
Saturday, 26 September Williamstown 6.4 def. Carlton 5.3 Williamstown Cricket Ground [43]
Bye: Collingwood, Fitzroy, Footscray, Melbourne, South Melbourne

Ladder

1896 VFA ladder
Pos Team Pld W L D GF GA Pts
1 Collingwood (P) 18 14 3 1 86 55 58
1 South Melbourne 18 14 3 1 85 55 58
3 Essendon 18 14 4 0 122 64 56
4 Fitzroy 18 12 6 0 80 59 48
4 Melbourne 18 12 6 0 119 66 48
6 North Melbourne 18 8 9 1 92 80 34
6 Port Melbourne 18 7 8 3 72 71 34
6 Williamstown 18 7 8 3 64 89 34
9 Footscray 18 5 10 3 69 94 26
9 St Kilda 18 6 11 1 69 88 26
11 Geelong 18 4 11 3 87 80 22
12 Carlton 18 2 14 2 46 93 12
12 Richmond 18 3 15 0 52 136 12
Source: [43]
(P) Premiers

The Association had no formal tie-breakers in cases where clubs were equal on premiership points.

Playoff match

Action from the playoff match.
Action from the playoff match.

Collingwood and South Melbourne finished level on 58 premiership points at the conclusion of the premiership matches, meaning a playoff match for the premiership was required between them.

It is often said that this playoff match was required because, in addition to having equal win–loss records, Collingwood and South Melbourne had finished with an equal record of goals scored and goals conceded and therefore could not be split on a tie-breaker; while this version of events is given in several modern references,[44][45] contemporary sources reveal this to be a myth. Association Rule 19, which specifically covered the event of a playoff, did not consider goals scored or conceded as a means of tie-breaker for the premiership,[46] and newspaper match previews leading into Round 19 made clear that win–loss record was the only consideration for determining whether or not there would be a playoff.[47] Additionally, the clubs' for-and-against records were not quite identical: Collingwood had scored one goal more than South Melbourne for the season,[43] but the fact that the tallies were so close helped to perpetuate the myth.

It was the second time in VFA history that a playoff match was staged for the premiership, the first having occurred in 1878, but it was the first time that a playoff had been required since the formal introduction of the premiership ladder in 1888: the 1878 playoff was required to resolve a dispute between Melbourne and Geelong.[43]

Scheduling controversy

The fact that a playoff would be required between Collingwood and South Melbourne was known after Round 19: both Collingwood and South Melbourne had a bye in Round 20 with third-placed Essendon six premiership points adrift, leaving them with no chance of tying for or finishing first.[43]

As a result, the two clubs organised to stage their playoff match on Saturday 26 September, the same day as the other Round 20 matches, at the neutral East Melbourne Cricket Ground; arrangements were made and advertisements were published. However, on the Tuesday, delegates from all Association clubs voted 11–8 in favour of postponing the playoff match to Saturday 3 October, the following weekend.[48]

Arguments in favour of postponing the match centred mostly around the fact that a playoff match would detract from interest, attendances and gate takings at the rostered Round 20 matches, while arguments in favour of staging the playoff during Round 20 were to remove the need for the clubs to train for an extra week, and that public desire for the match to be held on 26 September was strong.

A second meeting was held on the Wednesday night after Collingwood and South Melbourne objected to the postponement, but the Association delegates again voted in favour of postponing the match, albeit by a reduced majority of 10–9.[46]

While Collingwood and South Melbourne initially discussed playing the match on 26 September anyway, in spite of the Association's decision, this proved to be unworkable as the Association declined to provide an umpire.[46]

Subsequently, Collingwood arranged to play Bendigo Football League premiers Eaglehawk at Victoria Park during Round 20, winning 6.7 – 3.6, while South Melbourne used the week as a bye.[43]

Match summary

The playoff match itself was played at a high standard in front of 12,000 spectators at the East Melbourne Cricket Ground. Two late goals in the first quarter allowed Collingwood to open up a 4–2 lead at quarter time, but Collingwood went goalless through the second and third quarters as South Melbourne dominated the game and regained the lead at 5–4. Collingwood tied the game early in the final quarter, then kicked the winning goal inside the final ten minutes to win 6–5.[49][50]


Playoff Match for the 1896 VFA Premiership
Saturday, 3 October (3:00 pm) Collingwood def. South Melbourne East Melbourne Cricket Ground (crowd: 12,000 approx.)
4.3
4.4
[51] 4.6
 6.9
Q1
Q2
Q3
 Final
2.1
3.6
5.9[51]
 5.10
Umpires: J. J. Trait
Condon, Dowdall, Flaherty, Gregory, Hailwood, Hall Goals McKay 2; Adamson, Pleass, Windley

Sources[49][50]

Notable events

Charity Cup

On the Saturday between Rounds 5 and 6, a Charity Cup event was held, the gate takings from which were donated to charity. The event consisted of four clubs – Collingwood, Essendon, Port Melbourne and South Melbourne – contesting a knock-out tournament of shortened matches at the Melbourne Cricket Ground on a single afternoon, a format which has since become known as a lightning premiership. Each match was played over two periods of twenty minutes each.[52] The competition was won by Essendon.

The Charity Cup was used to trial two new rules in the VFA:[52]

Both of these rule changes were soon adopted into all levels of the game.

Charity Cup Semi-finals
Saturday, 6 June Essendon 3.3 def. Collingwood 2.5 Melbourne Cricket Ground [57]
Saturday, 6 June Port Melbourne 2.1 def. South Melbourne 1.4 Melbourne Cricket Ground [57]
Charity Cup Final
Saturday, 6 June Essendon 2.4 def. Port Melbourne 1.1 Melbourne Cricket Ground [57]

References

  1. ^ "Opening of the football season". The Argus. Melbourne. 2 May 1896. p. 4.
  2. ^ a b c d e f Observer (4 May 1896). "Football – Opening of the season". The Argus. Melbourne. pp. 5–6.
  3. ^ "Football". The Argus. Melbourne. 6 May 1896. p. 6.
  4. ^ a b c d e f Observer (11 May 1896). "Football – Notes on Saturday's matches". The Argus. Melbourne. pp. 5–6.
  5. ^ "Football – Today's matches". The Argus. Melbourne. 16 May 1896. p. 4.
  6. ^ a b c d e f Observer (18 May 1896). "Football – Notes on Saturday's matches". The Argus. Melbourne. pp. 5–6.
  7. ^ "Football – Victorian Football Association". The Argus. Melbourne. 19 May 1896. p. 7.
  8. ^ a b c Observer (25 May 1896). "Football – Notes on Saturday's matches". The Argus. Melbourne. p. 6.
  9. ^ a b c Observer (26 May 1896). "Football – the birthday matches". The Argus. Melbourne. p. 6.
  10. ^ "Football – Victorian Football Association". The Argus. Melbourne. 27 May 1896. p. 7.
  11. ^ a b c d e f Observer (1 June 1896). "Football – Notes on Saturday's matches". The Argus. Melbourne. p. 6.
  12. ^ "Football – Victorian Football Association". The Argus. Melbourne. 9 June 1896. p. 7.
  13. ^ a b c d e f Observer (15 June 1896). "Football – Notes on Saturday's matches". The Argus. Melbourne. p. 7.
  14. ^ "Football – Victorian Football Association". The Argus. Melbourne. 17 June 1896. p. 7.
  15. ^ a b c d e f Observer (22 June 1896). "Football – Notes on Saturday's matches". The Argus. Melbourne. p. 6.
  16. ^ "Football – Victorian Football Association". The Argus. Melbourne. 23 June 1896. p. 3.
  17. ^ a b c d e f Observer (29 June 1896). "Football – Notes on Saturday's matches". The Argus. Melbourne. p. 6.
  18. ^ "Football – Victorian Football Association". The Argus. Melbourne. 30 June 1896. p. 3.
  19. ^ a b c d e f g Observer (6 July 1896). "Football – Notes on Saturday's matches". The Argus. Melbourne. p. 6.
  20. ^ "Football – Victorian Football Association". The Argus. Melbourne. 7 July 1896. p. 3.
  21. ^ a b c d e f Observer (13 July 1896). "Football – Essendon beaten by Geelong". The Argus. Melbourne. p. 6.
  22. ^ "Football – Victorian Football Association". The Argus. Melbourne. 14 July 1896. p. 7.
  23. ^ a b c d e f Observer (20 July 1896). "Football – Notes on Saturday's matches". The Argus. Melbourne. p. 6.
  24. ^ "Football – Victorian Football Association". The Argus. Melbourne. 22 July 1896. p. 6.
  25. ^ a b c d e f Observer (27 July 1896). "Football – some exciting games and a riot". The Argus. Melbourne. p. 6.
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  27. ^ a b c d e f Observer (3 August 1896). "Football – Notes on Saturday's matches". The Argus. Melbourne. p. 6.
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  30. ^ "Football – Victorian Football Association". The Argus. Melbourne. 11 August 1896. p. 3.
  31. ^ a b c d e Observer (17 August 1896). "Football – Notes on Saturday's matches". The Argus. Melbourne. pp. 5–6.
  32. ^ The Argus misprinted the final score of this game as 4.2–4.2, although the same article's prose made clear that Footscray won. The Age confirms the final score. Follower (17 August 1896). "The Football Season public interest revived". The Age. Melbourne. p. 3.
  33. ^ "Football – Victorian Football Association". The Argus. Melbourne. 18 August 1896. p. 3.
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  35. ^ "Football – Victorian Football Association". The Argus. Melbourne. 25 August 1896. p. 7.
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  37. ^ "Football – Senior matches postponed". The Argus. Melbourne. 31 August 1896. p. 7.
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  40. ^ "Football – Victorian Football Association". The Argus. Melbourne. 15 September 1896. p. 3.
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  42. ^ "Football – Victorian Football Association". The Argus. Melbourne. 25 September 1896. p. 7.
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  45. ^ "1896 The First Grand Final". Victoria Park. 2009. Retrieved 12 January 2013.
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  48. ^ "Football Complication – clubs in conflict". The Argus. Melbourne. 23 September 1896. p. 6.
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  50. ^ a b Observer (5 October 1896). "The Football Premiership". The Argus. Melbourne. p. 5.
  51. ^ a b The Argus misprinted the three quarter time score of this game as Collingwood 5.9 vs South Melbourne 4.6, cf. Collingwood 4.6 vs South Melbourne 5.9; the same article's prose made clear that South Melbourne led by one goal at three quarter time, and The Age confirms the three quarter time score as being the same as shown here.
  52. ^ a b c "Football". The Argus. Melbourne. 2 June 1896. p. 3.
  53. ^ "Football – Today's matches". The Argus. Melbourne. 20 June 1896. p. 4.
  54. ^ "A comfortable win". The Australasian. Melbourne. 8 August 1896. p. 259.
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  56. ^ "New Football Association". The Argus. Melbourne. 3 October 1896. p. 10.
  57. ^ a b c Observer (8 June 1896). "Football – The charity matches". The Argus. Melbourne. p. 6.