1914 Nobel Prize in Literature
"in the field of literature, produced the most outstanding work in an idealistic direction".
LocationStockholm, Sweden
Presented bySwedish Academy
First awarded1901
1914 laureatenone
WebsiteOfficial website
← 1913 · Nobel Prize in Literature · 1915 →

The 1914 Nobel Prize in Literature was not awarded when the committee's deliberations were upset by the beginning of World War I (1914–1918).[1] Thus, the prize money was allocated to the Special Fund of this prize section.[2] This was the first occasion in Nobel history that the prize was not conferred.


Despite no author(s) being awarded for the 1914 prize, numerous literary critics, societies and academics still sent nominations to the Nobel Committee of the Swedish Academy. In total, the academy received 26 nominations for 24 writers.[3]

Seven of the nominees were nominated first-time including Willem Kloos, Dmitry Merezhkovsky, Vilhelm Grønbech, René Bazin, and Josef Svatopluk Machar. The highest number of nominations – two nominations each – were for Harald Høffding, Ángel Guimerá Jorge, and Carl Spitteler (awarded in 1919). Two Italian female writers were nominated Dora Melegari and Grazia Deledda (awarded in 1926).[3]

The authors Delmira Agustini, Dimitrie Anghel, Jakub Arbes, Robert Hugh Benson, Robert Jones Burdette, Nikolai Chayev, Mariana Cox Méndez, Alessandro d'Ancona, Danske Dandridge, Mircea Demetriade, Augusto dos Anjos, Edith Maude Eaton, Henri-Alban Fournier (known as Alain-Fournier), Jules Lemaître, Theodor Lipps, Isabella Fyvie Mayo, Christian Morgenstern, Charles Sanders Peirce, Charles Péguy, Bhaktivinoda Thakur, Brandon Thomas, Georg Trakl, Bertha von Suttner (who won the 1905 Nobel Peace Prize), Theodore Watts-Dunton, and Peyo Yavorov died in 1914 without having been nominated for the prize.

Official list of nominees and their nominators for the prize
No. Nominee Country Genre(s) Nominator(s)
1 Juhani Aho (1861–1921)  Russia
( Finland)
novel, short story Erik Axel Karlfeldt (1864–1931)
2 René Bazin (1853–1932)  France novel Pierre Loti (1850–1923)
3 Henri Bergson (1859–1941)  France philosophy Vitalis Norström (1856–1916)
4 Paul Bourget (1852–1935)  France novel, short story, literary criticism, essays René Bazin (1853–1932)
5 Grazia Deledda (1871–1936)  Italy novel, short story, essays Carl Bildt (1850–1931)
6 Jean-Henri Fabre (1823–1915)  France short story, essays, poetry Johan Vising (1855–1942)
7 Émile Faguet (1847–1916)  France literary criticism, essays Harald Hjärne (1848–1922)
8 Salvatore Farina (1846–1918)  Italy novel, short story members of the Istituto Lombardo Accademia di Scienze e Lettere
9 Adolf Frey (1855–1920)   Switzerland biography, history, essays Wilhelm Oechsli (1851–1919)
10 Karl Adolph Gjellerup (1857–1919)  Denmark poetry, drama, novel
11 Vilhelm Grønbech (1873–1948)  Denmark history, essays, poetry Harald Hjärne (1848–1922)
12 Ángel Guimerá Jorge (1845–1924)  Spain drama, poetry
13 Thomas Hardy (1840–1928)  Great Britain novel, short story, poetry, drama members of the Royal Society of Literature
14 Harald Høffding (1843–1931)  Denmark philosophy, theology
  • Claudius Wilkens (1844–1929)
  • Valdemar Vedel (1865–1942)
15 Willem Kloos (1859–1938)  Netherlands poetry, essays, literary criticism
16 Josef Svatopluk Machar (1864–1942)  Austria-Hungary
( Czechoslovakia)
poetry, essays, novel
  • Arnošt Kraus (1859–1943)
  • Several professors from Prague, Czechia
17 Dora Melegari (1849–1924)   Switzerland
novel, short story, essays, literary criticism Louis Duchesne (1843–1922)
18 Dmitry Merezhkovsky (1865–1941)  Russia novel, essays, poetry, drama Nestor Kotlyarevsky (1863–1925)
19 Benito Pérez Galdós (1843–1920)  Spain novel, short story, drama, essays
20 Edmond Picard (1836–1924)  Belgium drama, law, essays Maurice Maeterlinck (1862–1949)
21 Antonio Serra Morant (1866–1936)  Spain essays Eloy Señán Alonso (1858–1923)
22 Carl Spitteler (1845–1924)   Switzerland poetry, essays
23 Ernst von der Recke (1848–1933)  Denmark poetry, drama 11 professors from the Royal Danish Academy of Sciences and Letters
24 William Butler Yeats (1865–1939)  Ireland poetry, drama, essays George Noble Plunkett (1851–1948)


  1. ^ "Nobel literature row: usually it takes a world war to disrupt the prize". The Conversation. 4 May 2018. Retrieved 21 May 2021.
  2. ^ The Nobel Prize in Literature 1914 nobelprize.org
  3. ^ a b Nomination archive – 1914 nobelprize.org