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1920 Indian general election

1920 1923 →

104 seats contested
53 seats needed for a majority
  First party Second party
Hari Singh Gour.jpg
William Vincent.jpg
Leader Hari Singh Gour W.H.H. Vincent
Party Democratic Party Independent
Seats won 48 47

General elections were held in British India in 1920 to elect members to the Imperial Legislative Council and the Provincial Councils. They were the first elections in the country's modern history.[1]

The new Central Legislative Assembly which was the lower chamber of the Imperial Legislative Council was based in Delhi had 104 elected seats, of which 66 were contested and thirty eight were reserved for Europeans elected through the Chambers of Commerce.[1] For the upper chamber, the Council of State, 24 of the 34 seats were contested, whilst five were reserved for Muslims, three for Whites, one for Sikhs and one for the United Provinces.[1] The Parliament was opened by the Duke of Connaught and Strathearn on 9 February 1921.[2]

Alongside the national elections there were also elections to 637 seats in Provincial Assemblies. Of these, 440 were contested, 188 had a single candidate elected unopposed. Despite the calls by Mahatma Gandhi for a boycott of the elections, only six had no candidate.[1] Within the Provincial Assemblies 38 were reserved for White voters.[1]


Central Legislative Assembly

Democratic Party48
Other parties and independents47
Source: Schwartzberg Atlas

Members of Central Legislative Assembly



Government of India

Member Office
William Henry Hoare Vincent Home Member
Sir Malcolm Hailey Finance Member
Basil Phillott Blackett Finance Member
C. A. Innes Commerce and Industries Member
Tej Bahadur Sapru Law Member
B. N. Sarma Revenue and Agriculture Member
Denys Bray Foreign Secretary
Sir Sidney Crookshank PWD Secretary
Ernest Burdon Army Secretary
Montagu Sherard Dawes Butler Education Secretary
G. R. Clarke Director General Posts and Telegraph
Atul Chandra Chatterjee Industries Secretary
G. G. Sim Jt. Finance Secretary
John Hullah Revenue and Agriculture Secretary
A. V. V. Aiyer Finance Department
M. H. H. Hutchinson
Colonel W. D. Waghorn
Abdul Rahim Khan
Francis Bradley Bradley-Birt
Thomas Henry Holland
R. W. Davies
P. E. Percival
H. P. Tollinton
F. S. A Slocock
W. C. Renouf

Nominated from Provinces

Member Province
B. C. Allen Assam
Khabeeruddin Ahmed Bengal
Khagendra Nath Mitter Bengal
J. K. N. Kabraji Bombay
Walter Frank Hudson Bombay
William John Keith Burma
J. F. Bryant Madras
T. E. Moir Madras
Theodore Alban Henry Way United Provinces
Rustomji Faridoonji Central Provinces

Nominated Non-Officials

Elected Non-Officials

Members of the Council of State

Main article: Council of State (India)

See also


  1. ^ a b c d e "New Indian Councils: Failure Of Boycott Movement", The Times, 8 January 1921, p9, Issue 42613
  2. ^ "New Era For India: Delhi Parliament Opened, King's Messages", The Times, 10 February 1921, p10, Issue 42641
  3. ^ East India. 1922. p. 11. OL 22879068M.
  4. ^ India's Parliament Selections from the proceedings of the second session of the Legislative Assembly and the Council of State. Director, Central Bureau of Information, Gov't of India. 1921. OL 24188384M.
  5. ^ The Legislative Assembly Debates. 1922.
  6. ^ "Pioneer Mail". 10 December 1920.
  7. ^ The Indian Year Book. Bennett, Coleman & Company. 1922.
  8. ^ Miss Dottie Karan and others v Rai Bahadur Lachmi Prasad Sinha and others (Patna) [1930] UKPC 102 (16 December 1930)