The 1922 Birthday Honours were appointments by King George V to various orders and honours to reward and highlight good works by citizens of the British Empire. The appointments were made to celebrate the official birthday of The King, and were published in The London Gazette on 2 June 1922.[1]

Controversy from the 1922 Birthday Honours list eventually led to the passage of the Honours (Prevention of Abuses) Act 1925 and creation of the Honours Committee to formally review nominations. Sir Joseph Benjamin Robinson, chairman of the Robinson South African Banking Company and generous contributor to Prime Minister David Lloyd George's Liberal Party, was listed for a barony "for national and imperial services." Robinson quickly declined the honour within weeks after arguments erupted in the House of Lords over the circumstances of his nomination, particularly his residency in South Africa rather than in Great Britain, and that he was not recommended for the honour directly by the South African colonial government as required. "Feeling in the House of Lords ran high," reported The Times on 30 June.[2] The Times praised Robinson's letter to the King asking for permission to decline the honour, and pushed for further questioning into the matter: "..by his action Sir Joseph Robinson has placed himself in the right and has left the Government to explain, if they can, how and why they placed themselves in the wrong. It seems clear from the letter that Sir Joseph Robinson did not in any way seek the honour. Therefore, some person or persons unknown must have sought to induce him to accept it. Who are those persons, what are their functions, and what were their motives?"[3]

The recipients of honours are displayed here as they were styled before their new honour, and arranged by honour, with classes (Knight, Knight Grand Cross, etc.) and then divisions (Military, Civil, etc.) as appropriate.

United Kingdom and British Empire

Baron

Privy Councillor

The King appointed the following to His Majesty's Most Honourable Privy Council:

Baronetcies

Knight Bachelor

British India
Colonies, Protectorates, etc.

The Most Honourable Order of the Bath

Civilian star of the Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath
Civilian star of the Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath

Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath (GCB)

Military Division
Royal Navy

Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath (KCB)

Military Division
Royal Navy
Army
Civil Division

Companion of the Order of the Bath (CB)

Military Division
Royal Navy
Army
Royal Air Force
Civil Division

The Most Exalted Order of the Star of India

Star of a Knight Grand Commander of the Most Exalted Order of the Star of India
Star of a Knight Grand Commander of the Most Exalted Order of the Star of India

Knight Grand Commander (GCSI)

Knight Commander (KCSI)

Companion (CSI)

The Most Distinguished Order of Saint Michael and Saint George

Star of the Order of Saint Michael and Saint George
Star of the Order of Saint Michael and Saint George

Knight Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George (KCMG)

Companion of the Order of St Michael and St George (CMG)

The Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire

Riband, badge and star of the Knight Grand Commander of the Order of the Indian Empire
Riband, badge and star of the Knight Grand Commander of the Order of the Indian Empire

Knight Grand Commander (GCIE)

Knight Commander (KCIE)

Companion (CIE)

The Royal Victorian Order

Insignia of a Knight / Dames Commander of the Royal Victorian Order
Insignia of a Knight / Dames Commander of the Royal Victorian Order

Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order (GCVO)

Knight Commander of the Royal Victorian Order (KCVO)

Commander of the Royal Victorian Order (CVO)

Member of the Royal Victorian Order, 4th class (MVO)

Member of the Royal Victorian Order, 5th class (MVO)

The Most Excellent Order of the British Empire

Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire, insignia 1917–35
Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire, insignia 1917–35

Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the British Empire (GBE)

Civil Division

Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire (KBE)

Military Division
Royal Navy
Civil Division
Colonies, Protectorates, etc.

Kaisar-i-Hind Medal

First Class

Air Force Cross (AFC)

Awarded a Second Bar to the Air Force Cross (AFC**)

Imperial Service Order (ISO)

Home Civil Service
Colonial Civil Service
Indian Civil Service

Imperial Service Medal (ISM)

References

  1. ^ "No. 32716". The London Gazette (Supplement). 2 June 1922. pp. 4317–4325 0.
  2. ^ "Sir J. B. Robinson's Peerage – Title Declined – Lords' Criticism of Honours System". The Times. 30 June 1922. p. 10.
  3. ^ "A Case for Investigation". The Times. 30 June 1922. p. 17.