1928 United States presidential election in Ohio

← 1924 November 6, 1928 1932 →
 
Herbert Hoover - NARA - 532049.tif
Unsuccessful 1928.jpg
Nominee Herbert Hoover Al Smith
Party Republican Democratic
Home state California New York
Running mate Charles Curtis Joseph T. Robinson
Electoral vote 24 0
Popular vote 1,627,546 864,210
Percentage 64.89% 34.45%

Ohio Presidential Election Results 1928.svg
County Results

President before election

Calvin Coolidge
Republican

Elected President

Herbert Hoover
Republican

The 1928 United States presidential election in Ohio was held on November 6, 1928 as part of the 1928 United States presidential election. State voters chose 24 electors to the Electoral College, who voted for president and vice president.

Between 1856 and 1908, Ohio had voted consistently, though generally narrowly, for Republican candidates, because the heavily Yankee northeast and Ohio Company counties of the southeast slightly outvoted the anti-Civil War Appalachian south and German-American counties of the northwest.[1] Woodrow Wilson, who grew up in Appalachia whose culture exert a major influence on Buckeye State politics, would carry the state in both of his winning presidential campaigns in 1912 and 1916. However, reaction against Democratic nominee James M. Cox, who had opposed the teaching of German in schools when the state's Governor,[2] meant Ohio went Republican by a 20% margin in the landslide of 1920, and five counties went Republican for the first time ever.[3]

In 1924, John W. Davis, although a native of adjacent and culturally allied West Virginia, had negligible support in the Yankee- and German-settled areas of northern and central Ohio. Thus, Davis received barely half the proportion that Cox had, as he was further handicapped by his indecisiveness towards the powerful Ku Klux Klan,[4] and by the complete lack of support from local Democrats in the interests of state offices.[5] Progressive Robert La Follette would receive over 17% of Ohio's vote, close to his national average but his best state east of the Mississippi and Illinois Rivers.[6]

For 1928, the Democrats nominated almost by default Al Smith, an urban New York Catholic. Although he was endorsed by La Follette after his 1925 death,[7] Smith was handicapped in urban Ohio by the state's cities' large "hillbilly" population from Appalachian regions of the South,[8] who refused rigidly to vote for a Catholic. Similar sentiments were felt amongst traditionally Democratic German Protestants in the central part of the state.

Vote

By the week of the election, Hoover was overwhelmingly favored to carry the state,[9] and ultimately Ohio was won decisively by Republican Party candidate, Herbert Hoover, with 64.89% of the popular vote. This is the best popular vote percentage ever recorded by any presidential candidate in Ohio since statehood in 1803. The Democratic Party candidate, Al Smith, garnered only 34.45% of the popular vote.[10]

Results

1928 United States presidential election in Ohio
Party Candidate Votes Percentage Electoral votes
Republican Herbert Hoover 1,627,546 64.89% 24
Democratic Al Smith 864,210 34.45% 0
Socialist Norman Thomas 8,683 0.35% 0
Prohibition William F. Varney 3,556 0.14% 0
Workers William Foster 2,836 0.11% 0
Socialist Labor Verne L. Reynolds 1,515 0.06% 0
Totals 2,508,346 100.0% 24

Results by county

County Herbert Clark Hoover
Republican
Alfred Emmanual Smith
Democratic
Norman Matton Thomas
Socialist
Various candidates
Other parties
Margin Total votes cast[11]
# % # % # % # % # %
Adams 5,665 65.23% 3,000 34.54% 2 0.02% 18 0.21% 2,665 30.69% 8,685
Allen 20,693 68.21% 9,462 31.19% 94 0.31% 88 0.29% 11,231 37.02% 30,337
Ashland 8,745 72.29% 3,256 26.92% 22 0.18% 74 0.61% 5,489 45.37% 12,097
Ashtabula 18,870 75.13% 5,951 23.69% 133 0.53% 164 0.65% 12,919 51.43% 25,118
Athens 11,101 70.02% 4,546 28.67% 136 0.86% 72 0.45% 6,555 41.34% 15,855
Auglaize 7,794 60.91% 4,954 38.72% 20 0.16% 28 0.22% 2,840 22.19% 12,796
Belmont 20,969 60.84% 12,807 37.16% 249 0.72% 443 1.29% 8,162 23.68% 34,468
Brown 5,681 62.05% 3,422 37.38% 13 0.14% 39 0.43% 2,259 24.68% 9,155
Butler 29,124 64.66% 15,663 34.77% 153 0.34% 102 0.23% 13,461 29.89% 45,042
Carroll 5,572 80.32% 1,321 19.04% 21 0.30% 23 0.33% 4,251 61.28% 6,937
Champaign 7,651 69.52% 3,296 29.95% 20 0.18% 39 0.35% 4,355 39.57% 11,006
Clark 26,666 71.72% 10,316 27.74% 104 0.28% 97 0.26% 16,350 43.97% 37,183
Clermont 9,732 69.60% 4,194 29.99% 26 0.19% 31 0.22% 5,538 39.61% 13,983
Clinton 7,150 72.98% 2,603 26.57% 13 0.13% 31 0.32% 4,547 46.41% 9,797
Columbiana 26,405 77.30% 7,461 21.84% 136 0.40% 156 0.46% 18,944 55.46% 34,158
Coshocton 9,154 70.58% 3,745 28.87% 23 0.18% 48 0.37% 5,409 41.70% 12,970
Crawford 11,235 66.90% 5,472 32.59% 44 0.26% 42 0.25% 5,763 34.32% 16,793
Cuyahoga 194,508 53.42% 166,188 45.64% 2,006 0.55% 1,406 0.39% 28,320 7.78% 364,108
Darke 11,765 66.34% 5,822 32.83% 27 0.15% 120 0.68% 5,943 33.51% 17,734
Defiance 6,289 64.33% 3,487 35.67% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 2,802 28.66% 9,776
Delaware 8,049 67.75% 3,720 31.31% 21 0.18% 90 0.76% 4,329 36.44% 11,880
Erie 10,380 57.68% 7,570 42.06% 33 0.18% 13 0.07% 2,810 15.61% 17,996
Fairfield 12,072 67.87% 5,619 31.59% 38 0.21% 59 0.33% 6,453 36.28% 17,788
Fayette 5,251 65.23% 2,752 34.19% 17 0.21% 30 0.37% 2,499 31.04% 8,050
Franklin 92,019 65.86% 47,084 33.70% 367 0.26% 242 0.17% 44,935 32.16% 139,712
Fulton 6,416 77.74% 1,788 21.66% 12 0.15% 37 0.45% 4,628 56.08% 8,253
Gallia 5,513 73.42% 1,916 25.52% 30 0.40% 50 0.67% 3,597 47.90% 7,509
Geauga 4,161 77.37% 1,180 21.94% 23 0.43% 14 0.26% 2,981 55.43% 5,378
Greene 10,030 74.14% 3,385 25.02% 52 0.38% 61 0.45% 6,645 49.12% 13,528
Guernsey 11,174 74.10% 3,709 24.60% 93 0.62% 104 0.69% 7,465 49.50% 15,080
Hamilton 147,534 57.03% 110,151 42.58% 701 0.27% 306 0.12% 37,383 14.45% 258,692
Hancock 13,151 75.54% 4,158 23.88% 34 0.20% 67 0.38% 8,993 51.65% 17,410
Hardin 8,137 60.20% 5,306 39.25% 27 0.20% 47 0.35% 2,831 20.94% 13,517
Harrison 6,095 79.40% 1,516 19.75% 10 0.13% 55 0.72% 4,579 59.65% 7,676
Henry 5,370 59.29% 3,647 40.27% 16 0.18% 24 0.26% 1,723 19.02% 9,057
Highland 8,325 68.12% 3,836 31.39% 18 0.15% 42 0.34% 4,489 36.73% 12,221
Hocking 5,497 67.92% 2,502 30.92% 70 0.86% 24 0.30% 2,995 37.01% 8,093
Holmes 3,457 67.43% 1,631 31.81% 19 0.37% 20 0.39% 1,826 35.62% 5,127
Huron 10,702 67.18% 5,157 32.37% 33 0.21% 38 0.24% 5,545 34.81% 15,930
Jackson 7,129 71.40% 2,775 27.79% 39 0.39% 42 0.42% 4,354 43.61% 9,985
Jefferson 19,175 68.09% 8,711 30.93% 119 0.42% 156 0.55% 10,464 37.16% 28,161
Knox 10,028 73.07% 3,601 26.24% 33 0.24% 62 0.45% 6,427 46.83% 13,724
Lake 11,823 74.24% 4,024 25.27% 35 0.22% 44 0.28% 7,799 48.97% 15,926
Lawrence 10,346 74.51% 3,470 24.99% 48 0.35% 21 0.15% 6,876 49.52% 13,885
Licking 19,130 72.14% 7,244 27.32% 76 0.29% 67 0.25% 11,886 44.82% 26,517
Logan 9,602 76.63% 2,858 22.81% 19 0.15% 52 0.41% 6,744 53.82% 12,531
Lorain 24,386 63.83% 13,607 35.62% 129 0.34% 83 0.22% 10,779 28.21% 38,205
Lucas 78,435 63.21% 44,977 36.25% 318 0.26% 351 0.28% 33,458 26.96% 124,081
Madison 5,522 68.13% 2,527 31.18% 14 0.17% 42 0.52% 2,995 36.95% 8,105
Mahoning 48,341 63.82% 26,928 35.55% 199 0.26% 280 0.37% 21,413 28.27% 75,748
Marion 13,398 70.29% 5,468 28.69% 145 0.76% 49 0.26% 7,930 41.61% 19,060
Medina 9,510 79.58% 2,357 19.72% 44 0.37% 39 0.33% 7,153 59.86% 11,950
Meigs 6,580 70.65% 2,661 28.57% 44 0.47% 29 0.31% 3,919 42.08% 9,314
Mercer 5,129 45.29% 6,155 54.34% 10 0.09% 32 0.28% -1,026 -9.06% 11,326
Miami 16,063 72.80% 5,867 26.59% 73 0.33% 63 0.29% 10,196 46.21% 22,066
Monroe 4,287 60.73% 2,729 38.66% 14 0.20% 29 0.41% 1,558 22.07% 7,059
Montgomery 71,279 64.53% 38,517 34.87% 506 0.46% 159 0.14% 32,762 29.66% 110,461
Morgan 4,359 75.09% 1,397 24.07% 12 0.21% 37 0.64% 2,962 51.02% 5,805
Morrow 4,801 71.67% 1,818 27.14% 23 0.34% 57 0.85% 2,983 44.53% 6,699
Muskingum 22,120 76.81% 6,507 22.60% 79 0.27% 92 0.32% 15,613 54.22% 28,798
Noble 4,462 66.45% 2,190 32.61% 17 0.25% 46 0.69% 2,272 33.83% 6,715
Ottawa 5,772 62.54% 3,435 37.22% 14 0.15% 8 0.09% 2,337 25.32% 9,229
Paulding 4,093 61.79% 2,473 37.33% 22 0.33% 36 0.54% 1,620 24.46% 6,624
Perry 8,551 64.39% 4,653 35.04% 35 0.26% 40 0.30% 3,898 29.35% 13,279
Pickaway 5,871 59.87% 3,894 39.71% 8 0.08% 33 0.34% 1,977 20.16% 9,806
Pike 3,246 54.51% 2,709 45.49% 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 537 9.02% 5,955
Portage 12,086 71.31% 4,756 28.06% 58 0.34% 48 0.28% 7,330 43.25% 16,948
Preble 6,693 65.21% 3,513 34.23% 22 0.21% 35 0.34% 3,180 30.99% 10,263
Putnam 5,337 48.28% 5,667 51.27% 21 0.19% 29 0.26% -330 -2.99% 11,054
Richland 18,468 71.28% 7,295 28.16% 55 0.21% 91 0.35% 11,173 43.12% 25,909
Ross 11,179 64.59% 6,062 35.02% 31 0.18% 36 0.21% 5,117 29.56% 17,308
Sandusky 12,200 67.33% 5,834 32.20% 55 0.30% 30 0.17% 6,366 35.13% 18,119
Scioto 20,997 73.60% 7,425 26.03% 70 0.25% 38 0.13% 13,572 47.57% 28,530
Seneca 13,369 61.93% 8,136 37.69% 35 0.16% 47 0.22% 5,233 24.24% 21,587
Shelby 5,975 52.14% 5,448 47.54% 13 0.11% 24 0.21% 527 4.60% 11,460
Stark 59,564 70.85% 23,840 28.36% 415 0.49% 256 0.30% 35,724 42.49% 84,075
Summit 78,504 70.86% 31,506 28.44% 388 0.35% 387 0.35% 46,998 42.42% 110,785
Trumbull 29,710 75.80% 9,110 23.24% 208 0.53% 166 0.42% 20,600 52.56% 39,194
Tuscarawas 20,494 74.34% 6,805 24.68% 163 0.59% 106 0.38% 13,689 49.66% 27,568
Union 5,876 70.53% 2,386 28.64% 22 0.26% 47 0.56% 3,490 41.89% 8,331
Van Wert 7,540 59.39% 5,089 40.08% 21 0.17% 46 0.36% 2,451 19.31% 12,696
Vinton 2,810 63.75% 1,559 35.37% 15 0.34% 24 0.54% 1,251 28.38% 4,408
Warren 8,708 77.62% 2,455 21.88% 24 0.21% 32 0.29% 6,253 55.74% 11,219
Washington 12,767 73.18% 4,582 26.26% 52 0.30% 46 0.26% 8,185 46.91% 17,447
Wayne 14,192 74.60% 4,825 25.36% 6 0.03% 1 0.01% 9,367 49.24% 19,024
Williams 8,138 71.81% 3,136 27.67% 19 0.17% 39 0.34% 5,002 44.14% 11,332
Wood 15,409 76.56% 4,612 22.92% 53 0.26% 52 0.26% 10,797 53.65% 20,126
Wyandot 5,790 65.41% 3,024 34.16% 6 0.07% 32 0.36% 2,766 31.25% 8,852
Totals 1,627,546 64.89% 864,210 34.45% 8,683 0.35% 7,907[a] 0.32% 763,336 30.43% 2,508,346

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Two of these "other" votes were not distributed by county, and there are some conflicts between individual and total figures for Foster and Reynolds.

References

  1. ^ Phillips, Kevin P.; The Emerging Republican Majority, p. 343 ISBN 9780691163246
  2. ^ Benseler, David P.; Nickisch, Craig W. and Nollendorfs, Cora Lee (editors); Teaching German in Twentieth-century America, p. 60 ISBN 9780299168308
  3. ^ Menendez, Albert J.; The Geography of Presidential Elections in the United States, 1868-2004, p. 52 ISBN 0786422173
  4. ^ 'Klan Candidates Swept Ohio Cities: Lost Only in Steubenville, Where an Anti-Ku Klux Organization Started After Riots'; The New York Times Special Edition, November 8, 1923, p. 1
  5. ^ 'Sacrifice of Davis Reported in Ohio: Brotherhood's Support of Democratic State Ticket Taken as Indicating Move'; The New York Times Special, October 10, 1924, p. 8
  6. ^ Hough, Jerry F.; Changing Party Coalitions: The Mystery of the Red State-Blue State Alignment, p. 47 ISBN 9780875864075
  7. ^ Menendez; The Geography of Presidential Elections in the United States, p. 59
  8. ^ Phillips; The Emerging Republican Majority, p. 386
  9. ^ Mengert, Herbert R.; 'Hoover Is Favored to Win Ohio Easily: Improvement in Democratic Position Is Expected, but G.O.P. Is Confident'; The Washington Post, November 4, 1928, p. M5
  10. ^ Dave Leip's U.S. Election Atlas; 1928 Presidential General Election Results – Ohio
  11. ^ Our Campaigns; OH US President 1928