1930 Alberta general election

← 1926 June 19, 1930 (1930-06-19) 1935 →

63 seats in the Legislative Assembly of Alberta
32 seats were needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party
 
JohnEBrownlee.jpg
John Walter McDonald, Chief Judge, District Court of Southern Alberta 51-G-2.jpg
Leader John E. Brownlee John W. McDonald
Party United Farmers Liberal
Leader since November 23, 1925 March 27, 1930
Leader's seat Ponoka ran in unknown
Last election 43 seats, 39.7% 7 seats, 26.2%
Seats before 44 6
Seats won 39 11
Seat change Decrease5 Increase5
Popular vote 74,187[1] 46,275
Percentage 39.4 24.6%
Swing Decrease0.3% Decrease1.6%

  Third party Fourth party
 
David Milwyn Duggan.JPG
Fred J. White c.1929.jpg
Leader David M. Duggan Fred J. White
Party Conservative Dominion Labor
Leader since 1930 between 1921 & 1926
Leader's seat Edmonton Calgary
Last election 4 seats, 22.1% 5 seats, 7.8%
Seats before 4 5
Seats won 6 4
Seat change Increase2 Decrease1
Popular vote 27,954 14,354
Percentage 14.8% 7.6%
Swing Decrease7.3% Decrease0.2%

Premier before election

John E. Brownlee
United Farmers

Premier after election

John E. Brownlee
United Farmers

The 1930 Alberta general election was held on June 19, 1930, to elect members of the Legislative Assembly of Alberta.

The United Farmers of Alberta won election to a third term in government, and John E. Brownlee continued as premier.

This election, like the previous election (1926), used Single Transferable Voting in Edmonton and Calgary (Medicine Hat no longer had multiple seats). and used Alternative Voting in districts outside those two cities.

This provincial election, like the previous election, saw district-level proportional representation (Single transferable voting) used to elect the MLAs of Edmonton and Calgary (Medicine Hat no longer had multiple seats). City-wide districts were used to elect multiple MLAs in the two main cities. All the other MLAs were elected in single-member districts through Instant-runoff voting.

Th United Farmers again won just one seat in the cities (in Edmonton) but won a great share of the rural seats, by securing the support of a majority of votes in each district, as required under Alternative Voting.

Results

1930 Alberta provincial election[2]
Party Party Leader # of
candidates
Seats Popular Vote
1926 Elected % Change # % % Change
United Farmers John E. Brownlee 47 43 39 -9.3% 74,187 39.41% -0.27%
Liberal George Harry Webster 36 7 11 +57.1% 46,275 24.59% -1.58%
Conservative David Milwyn Duggan 18 5 6 +20.0% 27,954 14.85% -7.25%
Labour Fred J. White 11 5 4 -20.0% 14,354 7.63% -0.16%
Communist 1
  Independent 28 - 3   25,449 13.52% +12.82%
Total 141 61 63 +3.3% 188,219 100%
Popular vote
United Farmers
39.41%
Liberal
24.59%
Conservative
14.85%
Labour
7.63%
Others
13.52%
Seats summary
United Farmers
61.90%
Liberal
17.46%
Conservative
9.52%
Labour
6.35%
Others
4.76%

Beaver River

The most closely contested race in the election happened in the Beaver River electoral district. The election was a three-way race between incumbent United Farmers MLA John Delisle Liberal candidate Henry Dakin and Independent candidate Luc Lebel.[3]

The first count results showed Delisle leading Dakin by seven votes. Lebel was in third place with 87 votes. Under Instant runoff voting, when no candidate has a majority, the least-popular candidate is eliminated and his votes transferred.[3] Lebel was eliminated and his 87 votes were transferred where second-choice preference had been marked. The new vote tallies showed Delisle with 21 more votes than Dakin. Delisle was declared elected on June 25, 1930, six days after the election was held.[4]

The Liberals challenged the results in provincial court. A judicial recount was ordered. Judge Taylor concluded on August 21, 1930, that the second count results showed Dakin had four more votes than Delisle. Delisle's election was overturned, and Dakin picked up the seat.[5]

Members elected

7th Alberta Legislative Assembly
  District Member Party
  Acadia Lorne Proudfoot United Farmers
  Alexandra Peter Enzenauer United Farmers
  Athabasca Frank Falconer Liberal
  Beaver River Judicial Recount (see explanation above)
  Bow Valley John Mackintosh Independent
  Calgary* Hugh Farthing Conservative
  John J. Bowlen Liberal
  John Irwin Conservative
  George Harry Webster Liberal
  Fred White Dominion Labor
  Harold McGill Conservative
  Camrose Vernor Smith United Farmers
  Cardston George Stringam United Farmers
  Clover Bar Rudolph Hennig United Farmers
  Cochrane Robert Milton McCool United Farmers
  Coronation George Johnston United Farmers
  Cypress Perren Baker United Farmers
  Didsbury Austin Claypool United Farmers
  Drumheller Fred Moyer Independent
  Edmonton* John Lymburn United Farmers
  David Milwyn Duggan Conservative
  Charles Gibbs Dominion Labor
  William Howson Liberal
  Charles Weaver Conservative
  William Atkinson Conservative
  Edson Christopher Pattinson Dominion Labor
  Empress William Smith United Farmers
  Gleichen John Buckley United Farmers
  Grande Prairie Hugh Allen United Farmers
  Grouard Leonidas Giroux Liberal
  Hand Hills Gordon Forster United Farmers
  Innisfail Donald Cameron United Farmers
  Lac Ste. Anne Charles McKeen United Farmers
  Lacombe Irene Parlby United Farmers
  Leduc Arthur Percy Mitchell Liberal
  Lethbridge Andrew Smeaton Dominion Labor
  Little Bow Oran McPherson United Farmers
  Macleod William Shield United Farmers
  Medicine Hat Hector Lang Liberal
  Nanton-Claresholm Gordon Beverly Walker United Farmers
  Okotoks-High River George Hoadley United Farmers
  Olds Frank Grisdale United Farmers
  Peace River William Bailey United Farmers
  Pembina George MacLachlan United Farmers
  Pincher Creek Harvey Bossenberry Liberal
  Ponoka John Brownlee United Farmers
  Red Deer George Wilbert Smith United Farmers
  Ribstone William Farquharson United Farmers
  Rocky Mountain George Cruickshank Independent
  Sedgewick Albert Andrews United Farmers
  St. Albert Omer St. Germain United Farmers
  St. Paul Joseph Miville Dechene Liberal
  Stettler Albert Sanders United Farmers
  Stony Plain Donald Macleod United Farmers
  Sturgeon Samuel Carson United Farmers
  Taber John MacLellan United Farmers
  Vegreville Archie Matheson United Farmers
  Vermilion Richard Reid United Farmers
  Victoria Peter Miskew United Farmers
  Wainwright John Love United Farmers
  Warner Maurice Conner United Farmers
  Wetaskiwin Hugh John Montgomery Liberal
  Whitford Isidore Goresky United Farmers

The six front runners in the First Count in each city were elected in the end, after necessary vote transfers were conducted. Thus, the result under STV was the same as would have been the case if the election had been held using SNTV. Single voting in a six-seat district ensured mixed representation. In Edmonton, candidates of four parties were elected, representing a large majority of voters. In Calgary, candidates of three parties were elected, representing a large majority of voters.[6]

References

  1. ^ Not including four constituencies where UFA elected by acclamation
  2. ^ "Alberta provincial election results". Elections Alberta. Archived from the original on February 11, 2008. Retrieved 2008-01-13.
  3. ^ a b "Beaver River Official Results 1930 Alberta general election". Alberta Heritage Community Foundation. Retrieved April 29, 2010.
  4. ^ "Alberta Government Now Sure Of 40 Seats". Vol 55 No 304. Manitoba Free Press. June 25, 1930. p. 6.
  5. ^ "Recount Gives Libs. Another Alta. Seat". Vol XXIII No 213. The Lethbridge Herald. August 21, 1930. p. 1.
  6. ^ A Report on Alberta Elections, p. 45

Further reading