1937 Ontario general election

← 1934 October 6, 1937 1943 →

90 seats in the 20th Legislative Assembly of Ontario
46 seats were needed for a majority
  First party Second party Third party
 
Mitchell Hepburn1 crop.jpg
CON CCF
Leader Mitchell Hepburn William Earl Rowe John Mitchell
as party president
Party Liberal Conservative Co-operative Commonwealth
Leader since December 17, 1930 May 28, 1936 April 14, 1934
Leader's seat Elgin Ran in Simcoe Centre (Lost) Ran in Waterloo South (Lost)
Last election 65 17 1
Seats won 63 23 0
Seat change Decrease2 Increase6 Decrease1
Percentage 49.5% 39.4% 5.3%
Swing Increase2.4 Decrease0.3% Decrease1.7%

Premier before election

Mitchell Hepburn
Liberal

Premier after election

Mitchell Hepburn
Liberal

The 1937 Ontario general election was held on October 6, 1937, to elect the 90 Members of the 20th Legislative Assembly of Ontario ("MLAs"). It was the 20th general election held in the Province of Ontario.[1]

The Ontario Liberal Party, led by Mitchell Hepburn, was re-elected for a second term in government, with a slightly reduced majority in the Legislature.

The Ontario Conservative Party, led by William Earl Rowe, was able to win six additional seats, and continued to form the official opposition.

Meanwhile, the fledgling democratic socialist Co-operative Commonwealth Federation (CCF) ran 37 candidates out of a possible 90, led by party president John Mitchell running in Waterloo South, who also campaigned throughout the province on the party's behalf.[2] The election, however, resulted in a modest decline in popular vote and the loss of the party's sole MLA, Sam Lawrence in Hamilton East.

Incumbent MLA Farquhar Oliver was the last remaining United Farmers of Ontario MLA and ran as the party's sole candidate in the election. In practice, however, he had been a supporter of the Liberal government and would join Hepburn's cabinet in 1940, formally joining the Liberal Party.

In 1938, MLAs voted to adopt the title "Member of Provincial Parliament", and became known as "MPPs".

This Ontario election was the last to date in which the winning party (together with effective support from the Progressives and UFO, against which they did not field opposing candidates) has won an absolute majority of the popular vote.

Results

Elections to the 20th Parliament of Ontario (1937)
Political party Party leader MPPs Votes
Candidates 1934 Dissol. 1937 ± # % ± (pp)
Liberal Mitchell Hepburn 86 65 66 63 2Decrease 777,579 49.49% 2.40Increase
Conservative William Earl Rowe 89 17 17 23 6Increase 619,599 39.44% 0.33Decrease
Liberal–Progressive 3 4 3 2 2Decrease 16,920 1.08% 1.36Decrease
Independent Liberal 8 1 1 1Increase 20,776 1.32% 0.49Increase
United Farmers Farquhar Oliver 1 1 1 1 Steady 7,296 0.46% 0.09Decrease
Co-operative Commonwealth John Mitchell
(party president)
39 1 1 1Decrease 83,579 5.32% 1.66Decrease
Labour 6 1 1 1Decrease 5,549 0.35% 0.06Decrease
Independent 8 1 1Decrease 4,108 0.26% 0.86Decrease
Farmer–Labour 6 14,675 0.93% 0.89Increase
Labor–Progressive 2 9,626 0.61% New
Independent Conservative 5 8,270 0.53% 0.51Increase
  Socialist-Labour 11 2,199 0.14% 0.04Increase
Social Credit 1 538 0.03% New
Communist 1 408 0.03% 0.45Decrease
  Workers Did not campaign
Vacant
Total 266 90 90 90 1,571,122 100.00%
Blank and invalid ballots 16,799
Registered voters / turnout 2,237,678 70.96% 4.28Decrease
Seats and popular vote by party
Party Seats Votes Change (pp)
 Liberal
63 / 90
49.49%
2.40 2.4
 
 Conservative
23 / 90
39.44%
-0.33
 
 Liberal–Progressive
2 / 90
1.08%
-1.36
 
 Co-operative Commonwealth
0 / 90
5.32%
-1.66
 
 Other
2 / 90
4.67%
0.95 0.95
 

Seats that changed hands

Elections to the 20th Parliament of Ontario – seats won/lost by party, 1934–1937
Party 1934 Gain from (loss to) 1937
Lib Con L-Pro I-Lib UFO CCF Lab Ind
Liberal 65 3 (9) 2 1 1 63
Conservative 17 9 (3) 23
Liberal–Progressive 4 (2) 2
Independent-Liberal 1 1
United Farmers 1 1
Co-operative Commonwealth 1 (1)
Labour 1 (1)
Independent 1 (1)
Total 90 9 (7) 3 (9) 2 (1) 1 1 1 90

There were 17 seats that changed allegiance in the election.

See also

Notes

References

  1. ^ "1937 General Election". Elections Ontario. Elections Ontario. Retrieved January 3, 2021.
  2. ^ "266 to contest Ontario seats". Montreal Gazette. 30 September 1937. Retrieved 7 February 2016.

Further reading