1943 Ontario general election

← 1937 August 4, 1943 1945 →

90 seats in the 21st Legislative Assembly of Ontario
46 seats were needed for a majority
  First party Second party Third party
 
GeorgeDrew.jpg
Ted jolliffe 1942.jpg
Harry Nixon MLA.jpg
Leader George Drew Ted Jolliffe Harry Nixon
Party Progressive Conservative Co-operative Commonwealth Liberal
Leader since December 9, 1938 April 3, 1942 April 30, 1943
Leader's seat High Park York South Brant
Last election 23 0 63
Seats won 38 34 15
Seat change Increase15 Increase34 Decrease48
Percentage 35.7% 31.7% 31.2%
Swing Decrease4.3pp Increase26.1pp Decrease20.4pp

Premier before election

Harry Nixon
Liberal

Premier after election

George Drew
Progressive Conservative

The 1943 Ontario general election was held on August 4, 1943, to elect the 90 Members of the 21st Legislative Assembly of Ontario (Members of Provincial Parliament, or "MPPs") of the Province of Ontario.[1]

The Ontario Progressive Conservative Party, led by George Drew, defeated the Ontario Liberal Party government. The Liberal government had disintegrated over the previous two years because of a conflict between Mitchell Hepburn, the Ontario caucus and the federal Liberal Party of Canada.

Hepburn resigned and was eventually succeeded by Harry Nixon in early 1943. The change in leadership was not enough to save the government. The election held later that year resulted in the Conservative Party, recently renamed the "Progressive Conservative Party", winning a minority government. This began forty-two uninterrupted years of government by the Tories who combined moderate progressive policies with pragmatism and caution.

The Liberals fell to third place behind a new force, the socialist Ontario Co-operative Commonwealth Federation (CCF), led by Ted Jolliffe, went from obscurity to form the Official Opposition, winning 32% of the vote and 34 seats in the legislature, just four short of Drew's Tories. The Liberals and their Liberal-Progressive allies fell from 66 seats to a mere 15.

Two members of the banned Communist Party of Ontario running as "Labour" candidates won seats in the Legislature for the first time in this election: A.A. MacLeod in the Toronto riding of Bellwoods, and J.B. Salsberg in the Toronto riding of St. Andrews. Several days following the election the Labor-Progressive Party was officially formed and Salsberg and MacLeod agreed to sit in the legislature as the party's representatives.

Results

Elections to the 21st Parliament of Ontario (1943)
Political party Party leader MPPs Votes
Candidates 1937 Dissol. 1943 ± # % ± (pp)
Progressive Conservative George Drew 90 23 23 38 15Increase 469,672 35.75% 3.69Decrease
Co-operative Commonwealth Ted Jolliffe 86 34 34Increase 415,441 31.62% 26.30Increase
Liberal Harry Nixon 89 63 65 15 48Decrease 397,014 30.22% 19.27Decrease
Labor–Progressive 2 2 2Increase 11,888 0.90% 0.29Increase
Independent Liberal 3 1 1 Steady 8,252 0.63% 0.69Decrease
Liberal–Progressive 1 2 2 2Decrease 4,042 0.31% 0.77Decrease
United Farmers Farquhar Oliver 1 1Decrease Did not campaign
Labour 3 2,364 0.18% 0.17Decrease
Independent 3 2,593 0.20% 0.06Decrease
Independent-CCF 1 1,513 0.12% New
  Socialist-Labour 2 591 0.05% 0.09Decrease
Soldier 2 569 0.04% New
Communist Did not campaign
Farmer–Labour Did not campaign
Independent Conservative Did not campaign
Social Credit Did not campaign
Vacant
Total 282 90 90 90 1,313,939 100.00%
Blank and invalid ballots 10,745
Registered voters / turnout 2,255,301 58.74% 12.22Decrease
Seats and popular vote by party
Party Seats Votes Change (pp)
 Progressive Conservative
38 / 90
35.75%
-3.69
 
 Co-operative Commonwealth
34 / 90
31.62%
26.30 26.3
 
 Liberal
15 / 90
30.22%
-19.27
 
 Other
3 / 90
2.41%
-3.34
 

Seats that changed hands

Elections to the 20th Parliament of Ontario – seats won/lost by party, 1937–1943
Party 1937 Gain from (loss to) 1943
PC CCF Lib Lbr-P I-Lib L-Pro UFO
Progressive Conservative 23 (5) 19 1 38
Co-operative Commonwealth 5 28 1 34
Liberal 63 (19) (28) (2) (1) 1 1 15
Labor–Progressive 2 2
Independent-Liberal[a 1] 1 (1) 1 1
Liberal–Progressive[a 2] 2 (1) (1)
United Farmers[a 3] 1 (1)
Total 90 5 (20) (34) 50 (2) (2) 1 (1) 1 1 90
  1. ^ Morrison Mann MacBride (Brantford) had died in office in 1938. Mitchell Hepburn (Elgin) was re-elected as an Independent-Liberal in 1943
  2. ^ Roland Patterson (Grey North) was re-elected as a Liberal, while Douglas Campbell (Kent East) retired from the legislature.
  3. ^ Farquhar Oliver (Grey South) was re-elected as a Liberal.

There were 58 seats that changed allegiance in the election.

References

  1. ^ "1943 General Election". Elections Ontario. Elections Ontario. Retrieved January 3, 2021.

See also