All 487 seats in the Bundestag[a]
244 seats needed for a majority
|Turnout||28,479,550 (86.0%) 7.5pp|
Results by constituency for the first votes. Grey denotes seats won by the CDU/CSU; red denotes seats won by the SPD; yellow denotes seats won by the FDP; light blue denotes seats won by the German Party; dark blue denotes the seat won by the Centre Party.
Federal elections were held in West Germany on 6 September 1953 to elect the members of the second Bundestag. The Christian Democratic Union emerged as the largest party.
This election was the last before Saarland joined West Germany in 1957. It had been a separate entity, Saar protectorate, under French control since 1946.
Federal Chancellor Adenauer (who was also the Christian Democratic leader) campaigned on his policies of economic reconstruction and growth, moderate conservatism or Christian democracy, and close relations with the United States. The new Social Democratic leader – Kurt Schumacher had died in 1952 – was Erich Ollenhauer, who was more moderate in his policies than Schumacher had been. He did not oppose, in principle, the United States' military presence in Western Europe. In fact, he later – in 1957 – supported a military alliance of most European countries, including Germany. Adenauer managed to convince clearly more West German voters of his leadership abilities and economic and political success to easily win a second term, although he had to form a coalition government with the Free Democrats and the conservative German Party to gain a majority in the Bundestag.
|Christian Democratic Union||10,016,594||36.36||61||9,577,659||34.80||130||191||6||197||+80|
|Social Democratic Party||7,944,943||28.84||106||8,131,257||29.55||45||151||11||162||+26|
|Free Democratic Party||2,629,163||9.54||34||2,967,566||10.78||14||48||5||53||0|
|Christian Social Union||2,427,387||8.81||10||2,450,286||8.90||42||52||0||52||+28|
|All-German Bloc/League of Expellees and Deprived of Rights||1,616,953||5.87||27||1,613,215||5.86||0||27||0||27||New|
|All-German People's Party||318,475||1.16||0||286,465||1.04||0||0||0||0||New|
|Dachverband der Nationalen Sammlung||70,726||0.26||0||78,356||0.28||0||0||0||0||New|
|South Schleswig Voters' Association||44,585||0.16||0||44,339||0.16||0||0||0||0||−1|
|Schleswig-Holstein Farmers and Farmworkers Democracy||6,269||0.02||0||0||0||0||New|
|Party of the Good Germans||654||0.00||0||0||0||0||New|
|Independents and voter groups||17,185||0.06||0||0||0||0||−3|
Konrad Adenauer remained Chancellor, governing in a broad coalition (two-thirds majority) with most of the minor parties except for the SPD and Centre Party.
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