147 seats in Dáil Éireann[a]
74 seats needed for a majority
Percentage of seats gained by each of the five biggest parties, and number of seats gained by smaller parties and independents.
The 1954 Irish general election was held on Tuesday, 18 May 1954 to elect the 15th Dáil. The newly-elected members assembled at Leinster House on 2 June when the new Taoiseach and government were appointed.
The general election took place in 40 parliamentary constituencies throughout Ireland for 147 seats in the lower house of parliament, Dáil Éireann.
The general election of 1954 was caused by the loss of an overall majority for the ruling Fianna Fáil party in the Dáil. Rather than be voted down on a vote in the Dáil, Éamon de Valera decided to call a general election and let the people decide.
Fianna Fáil had the most to lose, their campaign concentrated on providing political stability for the next five years. They also put forward strong arguments against coalition governments. However, this would not suffice when the country's economy was worsening and unemployment and emigration were increasing.
On the other hand, the opposition parties of Fine Gael, the Labour Party and the other minor parties offered the electorate an alternative to three years of Fianna Fáil rule.
|Election to the 15th Dáil – 18 May 1954|
|Fianna Fáil||Éamon de Valera||65||–4||44.2||578,960||43.4||–2.9|
|Fine Gael||Richard Mulcahy||50||+10||34.0||427,031||32.0||+6.2|
|Clann na Talmhan||Joseph Blowick||5||–1||3.4||51,069||3.8||+0.9|
|Clann na Poblachta||Seán MacBride||3||+1||2.0||41,249||3.1||–1.0|
|Sinn Féin||Margaret Buckley||0||New||0||1,990||0.1||–|
|Irish Workers League||Michael O'Riordan||0||0||0||375||0.0||0.0|
Fine Gael, the Labour Party and Clann na Talmhan formed the Second Inter-Party Government, a minority government, dependent on the support of Clann na Poblachta.