Coordinates: 34°17′50.5″N 79°54′18.4″W / 34.297361°N 79.905111°W / 34.297361; -79.905111

1956 Southern 500
Race details[1][2]
Race 44 of 56 in the 1956 NASCAR Grand National Series season
Layout of Darlington Raceway
Date September 3, 1956 (1956-September-03)
Location Darlington Raceway, Darlington, South Carolina
Course Permanent racing facility
1.375 mi (2.221 km)
Distance 400 laps, 500 mi (800 km)
Weather Very hot with temperatures of 89.1 °F (31.7 °C); wind speed of 13 miles per hour (21 km/h)
Average speed 95.167 mph (153.156 km/h)
Attendance 70,000[3]
Pole position
Driver Carl Kiekhaefer
Most laps led
Driver Curtis Turner Charlie Schwam
Laps 225
Winner
No. 99 Curtis Turner Charlie Schwam
Television in the United States
Network WJMX (local AM radio)
Announcers Local radio announcers

The 1956 Southern 500, the seventh running of the event, was a NASCAR Grand National Series event that was held on September 3rd, 1956, at Darlington Raceway in Darlington, South Carolina.

This race was considered to be the "Labor Day Classic" for 1956; complete with a pre-race beauty pageant with a judging panel led by Fonty Flock and a parade down the front stretch of the race track.

By the 1990s, NASCAR's top-level series became a media circus that only races at facilities that are worth hundreds of millions of dollars.

Background

Layout of Darlington Raceway, the track where the race was held.
Layout of Darlington Raceway, the track where the race was held.

Darlington Raceway, nicknamed by many NASCAR fans and drivers as "The Lady in Black" or "The Track Too Tough to Tame" and advertised as a "NASCAR Tradition", is a race track built for NASCAR racing located near Darlington, South Carolina. It is of a unique, somewhat egg-shaped design, an oval with the ends of very different configurations, a condition which supposedly arose from the proximity of one end of the track to a minnow pond the owner refused to relocate. This situation makes it very challenging for the crews to set up their cars' handling in a way that will be effective at both ends.

The track is a four-turn 1.366 miles (2.198 km) oval.[4] The track's first two turns are banked at twenty-five degrees, while the final two turns are banked two degrees lower at twenty-three degrees.[4] The front stretch (the location of the finish line) and the back stretch is banked at six degrees.[4] Darlington Raceway can seat up to 60,000 people.[4]

Darlington has something of a legendary quality among drivers and older fans; this is probably due to its long track length relative to other NASCAR speedways of its era and hence the first venue where many of them became cognizant of the truly high speeds that stock cars could achieve on a long track. The track allegedly earned the moniker The Lady in Black because the night before the race the track maintenance crew would cover the entire track with fresh asphalt sealant, in the early years of the speedway, thus making the racing surface dark black. Darlington is also known as "The Track Too Tough to Tame" because drivers can run lap after lap without a problem and then bounce off of the wall the following lap. Racers will frequently explain that they have to race the racetrack, not their competition. Drivers hitting the wall are considered to have received their "Darlington Stripe" thanks to the missing paint on the right side of the car.

Race report

There were 364 laps done on a paved track spanning 1.375 miles (2.213 km).[2][3] It only took five hours, fifteen minutes, and thirty-three seconds for the race to reach its conclusion.[2][3] Seven cautions were committed for seventy-eight laps and the margin of victory was more than two laps.[2][3] Attendance was established at seventy thousand people; about the size of a typical modern day sporting event.[2][3]

The NASCAR races of the 1950s were definitely different in how they raced, qualified, had race entertainment, and how drivers built and set up each car. Speeds of up to 120 miles per hour (190 km/h) were consistently witnessed throughout the race in addition to the qualifying sessions. Drivers who were amazed at the speeds they went during these times would be absolutely surprised at the modern NASCAR vehicles going upwards of 184 miles per hour (296 km/h) in the most recent races at Darlington Raceway. However, the use of ever-advancing technology and complicated luck-based strategies has caused driver skill to become of secondary importance in NASCAR races. The raw skill, determination and grit that dominated the NASCAR Cup Series from its debut in 1949 to the late-1990s has been replaced by calculated strategies made primarily by the crew chiefs in the 21st century.

The average speed of the race was 95.167 miles per hour (153.156 km/h) while the pole speed was 119.695 miles per hour (192.630 km/h) and was achieved by Speedy Thompson.[2][3] Seventy American drivers competed as the race entries; there were no foreigners in that race.[2][3] Other notable drivers in the race included future car owner Junior Johnson, Joe Weatherly, Fonty Flock, Gwyn Staley, Fireball Roberts, Tiny Lund and Herb Thomas. Judge Rider would make his only Cup Series start in this event. Gene Bergin would participate in his first NASCAR Grand National race here and finished in 36th place. Fireball Roberts crashed into another car on lap 166 because he failed to slow down for a caution flag. The cars of #54 Bill Brown and #72 of Peck Peckham were the only cars in the race not manufactured in 1956.[2][3]

Bobby Myers fell out then drove in relief for Jim Paschal finishing in sixth place. Paschal, however, got credit for the finish according to NASCAR's archives of race finishes. Larry Flynn made contact with Bill Brown during this race around lap 235.[2][3] Brown, sporting a very rare onboard (on the front bumper), flew over the wall, destroying the guardrail there, and rolled down the bank, and Flynn's gas container flew out. It was hit by someone and a fire started, which spread to the car. Luckily, seatbelts helped to save the lives of both Flynn and Brown.[2][3]

Total winnings for the race was $35,365 ($332,570 when adjusted for inflation). Manufacturers involved in the event included Chevrolet (active), Ford (active), Dodge (active), Mercury (defunct after 2010), Plymouth (defunct), Chrysler (active), Pontiac (defunct), and Buick (active).[2][3]

Only one Pontiac and one Chrysler were too slow to compete in this event. The rest of the non-qualifying vehicles were Chevrolet, Ford, Dodge, and Plymouth. Jesse James Taylor made his first Cup start since his brutal rollover at Lakewood back in November 1951 that left him with some serious head injuries. He never quite reached back to the heights he did before; any chances of making a comeback ended quickly here with an engine failure in the early laps. After Lee Petty withdrew his No. 42 he replaced Glen Wood in the No. 35.[3]

This race had a loaded field that had 30 drivers who had a significant level of expertise in the NASCAR Cup Series during the 1950s and had previously won a NASCAR Grand National Series at a time where racing skill was paramount.[3]

This was the last race for Dink Widenhouse due to an accident he was involved in a wreck on lap 158 where he managed to cut his arm.[3] As he climbed out of his car, Widenhouse noticed he was bleeding and passed out. The track officials saw him unconscious, tangled in his safety belt, and upside down, head in the helmet, with the helmet resting on the racing surface. He wasn't really hurt that badly and didn't have to be sent to a nearby hospital.

Carl Kiekhaefer was the only notable crew chief to attend this race; he was also the owner of the #87 Chrysler vehicle driven by Buck Baker.[5]

Until the AC Spark Plug 500 in 1988, this marked the last time that Goodyear tires were not present.

Qualifying

Grid[3] No. Driver Manufacturer
1 57 Speedy Thompson '56 Chrysler
2 8 Marvin Panch '56 Ford
3 97 Bill Amick '56 Ford
4 3 Paul Goldsmith '56 Chevrolet
5 92 Herb Thomas '56 Chevrolet
6 87 Buck Baker '56 Chrysler
7 27 Frank Mundy '56 Dodge
8 12 Ralph Moody '56 Ford
9 82 Joe Eubanks '56 Ford
10 52 Bill Widenhouse '56 Ford
11 99 Curtis Turner '56 Ford
12 15 Fonty Flock '56 Mercury
13 22 Fireball Roberts '56 Ford
14 14 Billy Myers '56 Mercury
15 86 Tim Flock '56 Ford

Failed to qualify: William Pike (#74), Joe Blair (#5), Matt Gowan (#64), Bobby Boyd, Rat Garner (#17), Bryce Beck, Pete Yow (#03), Jud Larson (#69), Everett Brashear (#39)[6]
Withdrew from race: Johnny Fite (#20)[6]

Finishing order

Section reference: [3]

  1. Curtis Turner
  2. Speedy Thompson
  3. Marvin Panch
  4. Jim Reed
  5. Paul Goldsmith
  6. Jim Paschal
  7. Bill Amick
  8. Joe Weatherly
  9. Bobby Johns
  10. Pat Kirkwood
  11. Rex White
  12. Tim Flock
  13. Roz Howard
  14. Johnny Patterson
  15. Junior Johnson
  16. Billy Myers
  17. Lee Petty
  18. Harold Hardesty
  19. Elmo Langley
  20. Shorty York
  21. Bill Champion
  22. Possum Jones
  23. Emanuel Zervakis
  24. Tiny Lund
  25. Johnny Allen
  26. Buck Baker
  27. Jack Smith
  28. Billy Carden
  29. Bill Blair
  30. Sherman Utsman
  31. Lou Spears
  32. Brownie King
  33. Joe Eubanks*†
  34. Allen Adkins
  35. Tom Lupo
  36. Gene Bergin
  37. Ralph Liguori*†
  38. Frank Mundy*†
  39. Harvey Henderson
  40. Dick Beaty*
  41. Judge Rider
  42. Wade Fields
  43. Bill Brown*
  44. Larry Flynn*†
  45. Johnny Dodson*
  46. Blackie Pitt*†
  47. Pat Grogan*
  48. Clyde Palmer*
  49. Herb Thomas*†
  50. Parnelli Jones*
  51. Fireball Roberts*†
  52. Ray Hendrick*†
  53. Bill Widenhouse*†
  54. Dink Widenhouse*
  55. Roy Bentley*
  56. Ken Love
  57. Ralph Moody*†
  58. Fonty Flock*†
  59. Danny Letner*
  60. Don Oldenberg*
  61. Bobby Myers*†
  62. Bob Duell*
  63. Nace Mattingly*
  64. Pee Wee Jones*
  65. Gwyn Staley*†
  66. Doug Yates*
  67. Peck Peckham*
  68. Russ Graham*
  69. Jesse James Taylor*
  70. Arden Mounts*†

† signifies that the driver is known to be deceased
* Driver failed to finish race

Timeline

Section reference: [3]

References

  1. ^ "1956 Southern 500 weather information". The Old Farmers' Almanac. Retrieved 2011-03-03. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "1956 Southern 500 racing results (second reference)". Legends of NASCAR. Retrieved 2011-08-26. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q "1956 Southern 500 racing results". Racing Reference. Retrieved 2011-01-18. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  4. ^ a b c d "Darlington Raceway". CBS Sports. Retrieved 2013-05-07. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  5. ^ "1956 Southern 500 crew chief information". Racing Reference. Retrieved 2018-08-01. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  6. ^ a b "1956 Southern 500 qualifying results". Racing Reference. Retrieved 2017-05-26. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
Preceded by
1955
Southern 500 races
1957
Succeeded by
1957