The 1956 Tangerine Bowl was an American college football bowl game played after the 1955 season, on January 2, 1956, at the Tangerine Bowl stadium in Orlando, Florida. The Juniata Indians with a record of 8–0 faced the Missouri Valley Vikings with a record of 9–1. Juniata had outscored their regular season opponents 240–32 with 4 shutouts, and had a 23-game winning streak, while Missouri Valley had outscored their opponents 207–84 with 2 shutouts. The teams played to a 6–6 tie.
All scoring took place in the first quarter, with each team scoring a touchdown via a passing play, and both teams missing their extra point attempts. Despite other scoring chances, including Juniata having two first-and-goal opportunities in the fourth quarter, the game ended in a 6–6 tie.