Elections to the Bombay Legislative Assembly were held on 25 February 1957. 1146 candidates contested for the 339 constituencies in the Assembly. There were 57 two-member constituencies and 282 single-member constituencies.[1]

State reorganization

On 1 November 1956, under States Reorganisation Act, 1956, Bombay state was enlarged by the addition of Saurashtra state and Kutch state, the Marathi-speaking districts of Nagpur Division of Madhya Pradesh, and the Marathi speaking Marathwada region of Hyderabad. The state's southernmost Kannada-speaking districts of Dharwad, Bijapur, North Kannada and Belgaum (excluding the Chandgad taluka) were transferred to Mysore state, while Abu Road taluk of the Banaskantha district was transferred to Rajasthan.[2] Hence the constituencies increased from 315 to 396 in 1957 elections.

Results

Summary of results of the 1957 Bombay Legislative Assembly election[1]
Political party Flag Seats
Contested
Won Net change
in seats
% of
Seats
Votes Vote % Change in
vote %
Indian National Congress 396 234 Decrease 35 59.10 81,31,604 48.66 Decrease 0.71
Praja Socialist Party 100 36 New 9.09 14,98,700 8.97 New
Peasants and Workers Party of India 55 31 Increase 17 7.83 11,13,436 6.66 Increase 0.21
Scheduled Castes Federation 51 13 Increase 12 3.28 10,41,355 6.23 Increase 3.13
Communist Party of India
34 13 Increase 12 3.28 6,07,383 3.63 Increase 2.19
Bharatiya Jana Sangh 24 4 Increase 4 1.01 2,60,826 1.56 Increase 1.52
Akhil Bharatiya Hindu Mahasabha 11 1 Increase 1 0.25 71,514 0.43 Increase 0.09
Independent 464 64 Increase 11 16.16 39,72,548 23.77 N/A
Total seats 396 (Increase 81) Voters 3,14,40,079 Turnout 1,67,12,160 (53.16%)

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Statistical Report on General Election, 1957 to the Legislative Assembly of Bombay" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 October 2010. Retrieved 9 June 2021.
  2. ^ "Reorganisation of States, 1955" (PDF). The Economic Weekly. 15 October 1955. Retrieved 25 July 2015.