Presidential election

Main article: 1957 Indian presidential election

The Election Commission of India held the second presidential elections of India on May 6, 1957. Dr. Rajendra Prasad won his re-election with 459,698 votes over his nearest rival Chowdhry Hari Ram.

General election

Main article: 1957 Indian general election

General elections to the second Lok Sabha since independence were held in India between 24 February to 14 March 1957. The Indian National Congress (INC) easily won the second term, winning 371 of the 494 seats and their vote share increased from 45.0% to 47.8%.[1][2]

Legislative Assembly elections

Legislative Assembly elections in India were conducted for Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Bombay, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Madras, Odisha, Punjab, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal legislative assemblies in 1957.

Andhra Pradesh*

Main article: 1957 Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly election

Summary of results of the 1957 Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly election[3]
Political party Flag Seats
Contested
Won Net change
in seats
% of
Seats
Votes Vote % Change in
vote %
Indian National Congress
INC_Flag_Official
109 68 Decrease 51 64.77 17,07,364 47.38 Increase 8.03
People's Democratic Front 65 22 New 20.95 9,27,333 25.73 New
Praja Socialist Party 29 1 Decrease 12 0.95 2,03,453 5.65 Increase 0.07
Praja Party 8 1 Decrease 4 0.95 28,968 0.8 Decrease 1.99
Scheduled Caste Federation 2 1 New 0.95 20,289 0.56 New
Independent 97 12 Decrease 10 11.43 6,73,098 18.68 N/A
Total Seats 105 (Decrease 91) Voters 75,58,880 Turnout 36,03,585 (47.67%)

* : On 1 November 1956, Andhra State was merged with Hyderabad State under States Reorganisation Act, 1956, to form a single state, Andhra Pradesh. The districts of Raichur, Gulbarga and the Marathwada district were detached from the Hyderabad State, while merging with Andhra State. In addition, the Siruguppa taluk, the Bellary taluk, the Hospet taluk and a small area of the Mallapuram sub-taluk were transferred from Mysore State to Andhra Pradesh.[4]

Assam

Main article: 1957 Assam Legislative Assembly election

Summary of results of the 1957 Assam Legislative Assembly election[5]
Political party Flag Seats
Contested
Won Net change
in seats
% of
Seats
Votes Vote % Change in
vote %
Indian National Congress 101 71 Decrease 5 65.74 13,21,367 52.35 Increase 8.87
Praja Socialist Party 36 8 New 7.41 3,21,569 12.74 New
Communist Party of India
CPI-banner.svg
22 4 Increase 3 3.70 2,04,332 8.10 Increase 5.26
Independent 153 25 Increase 11 23.15 6,76,698 26.81 N/A
Total seats 108 (Increase 3) Voters 55,53,926 Turnout 25,23,966 (45.44%)

Bihar*

Main article: 1957 Bihar Legislative Assembly election

Summary of results of the 1957 Bihar Legislative Assembly election[6]
Political party Flag Seats
Contested
Won Net change
in seats
% of
Seats
Votes Vote % Change in
vote %
Indian National Congress 312 210 Decrease 29 66.04 44,55,425 42.09 Increase 0.71
Praja Socialist Party 222 31 New 9.75 16,94,974 16.01 New
Chota Nagpur Santhal Parganas Janata Party 125 23 Increase 12 7.23 8,29,195 7.83 Increase 4.67
Jharkhand Party 71 31 Decrease 1 9.75 7,49,021 7.08 Decrease 0.93
Communist Party of India
CPI-banner.svg
60 7 Increase 7 2.20 5,45,577 5.15 Increase 4.01
Independent 572 16 Increase 11 5.03 21,81,180 20.61 N/A
Total seats 318 (Decrease 12) Voters 2,56,21,144 Turnout 1,05,85,422 (41.32%)

* : Bihar was reduced slightly by the transfer of minor territories to West Bengal in 1956 under States Reorganisation Act, 1956.[4]

Bombay*

Main article: 1957 Bombay Legislative Assembly election

Summary of results of the 1957 Bombay Legislative Assembly election[7]
India Bombay Legislative Assembly 1957.svg
Political party Flag Seats
Contested
Won Net change
in seats
Votes Vote % Change in
vote %
Indian National Congress
234 / 396 (59%)
396 234 Decrease 36 81,31,604 48.66% Decrease 1.29%
Praja Socialist Party
36 / 396 (9%)
98 36 Increase 27 (from SP) 14,98,700 8.97% Decrease 2.99% (from SP)
Peasants and Workers Party of India
31 / 396 (8%)
55 31 Increase 17 11,13,436 6.66% Increase 0.21%
Scheduled Castes Federation
13 / 396 (3%)
48 13 Increase 12 10,41,355 6.23% Increase 3.13%
Communist Party of India
13 / 396 (3%)
CPI-banner.svg
32 13 Increase 12 6,07,383 3.63% Increase 2.19%
Bharatiya Jana Sangh
4 / 396 (1%)
23 4 Increase 4 2,60,826 1.56% Increase 1.52%
Akhil Bharatiya Hindu Mahasabha
1 / 396 (0.3%)
10 1 Increase 1 71,514 0.43% Increase 0.11%
Akhil Bharatiya Ram Rajya Parishad 10 0 Steady 14,794 0.09% Decrease 1.03%
Independent
64 / 396 (16%)
400 64 Increase 45 39,72,548 23.77% Increase 7.53%
Total 1072 396 Increase 81 Turnout (Voters) 1,67,12,160 (3,14,40,079) 53.16% Increase 2.38%

*: On 1 November 1956, under States Reorganisation Act, 1956, Bombay state was re-organized by the addition of Saurashtra State and Kutch State, Nagpur Division of Madhya Pradesh, and Marathwada region of Hyderabad. The state's southernmost districts of Bombay were transferred to Mysore State while Abu Road taluk of the Banaskantha district was transferred to Rajasthan.[4]

Kerala*

Main article: 1957 Kerala Legislative Assembly election

Summary of results of the 1957 Kerala Legislative Assembly election[8]
Political party Flag Seats
Contested
Won % of
Seats
Votes Vote % Vote % in
contested seats
Indian National Congress
INC_Flag_Official
124 43 34.13 2,209,251 37.85 38.1
Communist Party of India
CPI-banner.svg
101 60 47.62 2,059,547 35.28 40.57
Praja Socialist Party 65 9 7.14 628,261 10.76 17.48
Revolutionary Socialist Party 28 0 188,553 3.23 11.12
Independent 86 14 11.11 751,965 12.88 N/A
Total seats 126 Voters 89,13,247 Turnout 58,37,577 (65.49%)

* : In 1956, under States Reorganisation Act, 1956, Kerala was formed by the merger of Travancore-Cochin state with the Malabar district of Madras State, Kasaragod taluk of the South Canara district and the Amindive Islands. The southern part of Travancore-Cochin, Kanyakumari district was transferred to Madras State.[4]

Madhya Pradesh*

Main article: 1957 Madhya Pradesh Legislative Assembly election

Summary of results of the 1957 Madhya Pradesh Legislative Assembly election[9]
India Madhya Pradesh Legislative Assembly 1957.svg
Political party Flag Seats
Contested
Won Net change
in seats
% of
Seats
Votes Vote % Change in
vote %
Indian National Congress 288 232 Increase 38 40.74 36,91,999 49.83 Increase 0.76
Praja Socialist Party 163 12 New 9.09 9,76,021 13.17 New
Bharatiya Jana Sangh 133 10 Increase 10 1.01 7,33,315 9.90 Increase 6.32
Akhil Bharatiya Ram Rajya Parishad 53 5 Increase 2 1.29 2,29,010 3.09 Increase 0.58
Akhil Bharatiya Hindu Mahasabha 48 7 Increase 7 0.25 3,45,122 4.66 Increase 4.56
Communist Party of India
CPI-banner.svg
25 2 Increase 2 3.28 1,20,549 1.63 Increase 4.66
Independent 372 20 Decrease 3 34.26 12,22,003 16.49 N/A
Total Seats 288 (Increase 56) Voters 1,99,31,685 Turnout 74,08,768 (37.17%)

* : On 1 November 1956, under States Reorganisation Act, 1956, Madhya Bharat (except the Sunel enclave of the Mandsaur district), Vindhya Pradesh, Bhopal state and the Sironj sub-division of the Kota district of Rajasthan were merged into Madhya Pradesh while the Nagpur Division was transferred to Bombay State.[4]

Madras*

Main article: 1957 Madras Legislative Assembly election

Summary of results of the 1957 Madras Legislative Assembly election[10]
India Madras Legislative Assembly 1957.svg
Political party Flag Seats
Contested
Won % of
Seats
Votes Vote % Change in
vote %
Indian National Congress
INC Flag Official
204 151 (Decrease1) 73.66 50,46,576 45.34 Increase 10.46
Communist Party of India
CPI-banner.svg
58 4 (Decrease58) 1.95 8,23,582 7.40 Decrease 5.78
Praja Socialist Party 23 2 (New) 0.98 2,93,778 2.64 New
Independent 602 48 (Decrease 14) 23.41 49,67,060 44.62 N/A
Total Seats 205 (Decrease170) Voters 2,39,05,575 Turnout 1,11,30,996 (46.56%)

* : On 1 November 1956, the southern part of Travancore-Cochin (Kanyakumari district) was added to the Madras State while the Malabar district of the state was transferred to the new state of Kerala, and a new union territory, Laccadive, Minicoy and Amindivi Islands, was created.[4]

Mysore*

Main article: 1957 Mysore Legislative Assembly election

Summary of results of the 1957 Mysore Legislative Assembly election[11]
India Mysore Legislative Assembly 1957.svg
Political party Flag Seats
Contested
Won Net change
in seats
% of
Seats
Votes Vote % Change in
vote %
Indian National Congress 207 150 Increase 76 72.12 33,43,839 52.08 Increase 5.73
Praja Socialist Party 79 18 New 8.65 9,02,373 14.06 New
Communist Party of India
CPI-banner.svg
20 1 Steady 0 0.48 1,23,403 1.92 Increase 1.01
Scheduled Caste Federation 6 2 Steady 0 0.96 83,542 1.30 Decrease 0.44
Peasants and Workers Party of India 2 2 New 0.96 35,462 0.55 New
Independent 251 35 Increase 11 16.83 18,45,456 28.74 N/A
Total Seats 208 (Increase 109) Voters 1,25,15,312 Turnout 64,20,159 (51.3%)

* : On 1 November 1956, Mysore state was enlarged by the addition of Coorg State, the Kollegal taluk of the Coimbatore district and the South Kanara district (except the Kasaragod taluk) of Madras State, and the Kannada speaking districts from southern Bombay state and western Hyderabad State under States Reorganisation Act, 1956. The Siruguppa taluk, the Bellary taluk, the Hospet taluk and a small area of the Mallapuram sub-taluk were detached from the Mysore State.[4]

Odisha

Main article: 1957 Odisha Legislative Assembly election

Summary of results of the 1957 Odisha Legislative Assembly election[12]
Political Party Flag Seats
Contested
Won Net Change
in seats
% of
Seats
Votes Vote % Change in
vote %
Indian National Congress 140 56 Decrease 11 40.00 16,28,180 38.26 Increase 0.39
All India Ganatantra Parishad 109 51 Increase 20 36.43 12,23,014 28.74 Increase 8.24
Praja Socialist Party 46 11 New 7.86 4,42,508 10.40 New
Communist Party of India
CPI-banner.svg
43 9 Increase 2 6.43 3,57,659 8.40 Increase 2.78
Independent 179 13 Decrease 11 9.29 6,04,652 14.21 N/A
Total Seats 140 (Steady 0) Voters 1,24,67,800 Turnout 42,56,013 (34.14%)

Punjab*

Main article: 1957 Punjab Legislative Assembly election

Summary of results of the 1957 Punjab Legislative Assembly election[13]
Political Party Flag Seats
Contested
Won Net Change
in seats
% of
Seats
Votes Vote % Change in
vote %
Indian National Congress 154 120 Increase 24 77.92 36,12,709 47.51 Increase 10.82
Communist Party of India
CPI-banner.svg
72 6 Increase 2 3.90 10,30,898 13.56 Increase 9.67
Bharatiya Jana Sangh 72 9 Increase 9 5.84 6,54,395 8.61 Increase 3.05
Scheduled Caste Federation 24 5 Increase 5 3.25 4,10,364 5.40 Increase 3.43
Praja Socialist Party 19 1 New 0.65 94,564 1.24 New
Independent 319 13 Increase 4 8.44 18,00,960 23.69 N/A
Total Seats 154 (Increase 28) Voters 1,31,72,945 Turnout 76,03,890 (57.72%)

* : Punjab was enlarged by the addition of Patiala & East Punjab States Union in 1956 under States Reorganisation Act, 1956.[4]

Rajasthan*

Main article: 1957 Rajasthan Legislative Assembly election

Summary of results of the 1957 Rajasthan Legislative Assembly election[14]
Political Party Flag Seats
Contested
Won Net Change
in seats
% of
Seats
Votes Vote % Change in
vote %
Indian National Congress 176 119 Increase 37 67.61 21,41,931 45.13 Increase 5.67
Akhil Bharatiya Ram Rajya Parishad 60 17 Decrease 7 9.66 4,69,540 9.89 Decrease 2.37
Bharatiya Jana Sangh 51 6 Decrease 2 3.41 2,63,443 5.55 Decrease 0.38
Praja Socialist Party 27 1 New 0.57 1,17,532 2.48 New
Communist Party of India
CPI-banner.svg
24 1 Increase 1 0.57 1,43,547 3.02 Increase 2.49
Independent 399 32 Decrease 3 18.18 16,10,465 33.93 N/A
Total Seats 176 (Increase 16) Voters 1,24,37,064 Turnout 47,46,458 (38.16%)

* : On 1 November 1956, under States Reorganisation Act, 1956, the Ajmer State, the Abu Road taluk of the Banaskantha district of Bombay State, the Sunel enclave of the Mandsaur district and the Lohara sub-tehsil of the Hissar district of the Punjab was merged with Rajasthan while the Sironj sub-division of the Kota district of Rajasthan was transferred to Madhya Pradesh.[4]

Uttar Pradesh

Main article: 1957 Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly election

Summary of results of the 1957 Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly election[15]
Political party Flag Seats
Contested
Won Net change
in seats
% of
Seats
Votes Vote % Change in
vote %
Indian National Congress 430 286 Decrease 102 66.51 92,98,382 42.42 Decrease 5.51
Praja Socialist Party 262 44 New 10.23 31,70,865 14.47 New
Bharatiya Jana Sangh 243 17 Increase 15 3.95 21,57,881 9.84 Increase 3.39
Communist Party of India
CPI-banner.svg
91 9 Increase 9 2.09 8,40,348 3.83 Increase 2.90
Independent 399 74 Increase 59 17.21 62,85,457 28.68 N/A
Total seats 430 (Steady 0) Voters 4,89,53,427 Turnout 2,19,18,604 (44.77%)

West Bengal*

Main article: 1957 West Bengal Legislative Assembly election

Summary of results of the 1957 West Bengal Legislative Assembly election[16]
Party No. of candidates No. of elected No. of votes %
Indian National Congress 251 152 4,830,992 46.14%
Communist Party of India 103 46 1,865,106 17.81%
Praja Socialist Party 67 21 1,031,392 9.85%
Forward Bloc 26 8 425,318 4.06%
Akhil Bharatiya Hindu Mahasabha 37 25 225,126 2.15%
Bharatiya Jana Sangh 33 0 102,477 0.98%
Independents 418 22 1,989,392 19.00%
Total: 935 252 10,469,803

* : West Bengal was enlarged by the addition of minor territories from Bihar in 1956 under States Reorganisation Act, 1956.[4]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1957 : To the Second Lok Sabha Volume-I" (PDF). Election Commission of India. Retrieved July 11, 2015.
  2. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1957 : To the Second Lok Sabha Volume-II" (PDF). Election Commission of India. Retrieved July 11, 2015.
  3. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1957 : To the Legislative Assembly of Andhra Pradesh" (PDF). Election Commission of India. Retrieved July 11, 2015.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Reorganisation of States, 1955" (PDF). The Economic Weekly. October 15, 1955. Retrieved July 25, 2015.
  5. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1957 : To the Legislative Assembly of Assam" (PDF). Election Commission of India. Retrieved July 11, 2015.
  6. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1957 : To the Legislative Assembly of Bihar" (PDF). Election Commission of India. Retrieved July 11, 2015.
  7. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1957 to the Legislative Assembly of Bombay" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 October 2010. Retrieved 9 June 2021.
  8. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1957 : To the Legislative Assembly of Kerala". Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2020-02-22.
  9. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1957 : To the Legislative Assembly of Madhya Pradesh" (PDF). Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2015-07-25.
  10. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1957 : To the Legislative Assembly of Madras" (PDF). Election Commission of India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 Jan 2013. Retrieved 2015-07-26.
  11. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1957 : To the Legislative Assembly of Mysore" (PDF). Election Commission of India. Retrieved July 26, 2015.
  12. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1957 : To the Legislative Assembly of Orissa" (PDF). Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2015-07-26.
  13. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1957 : To the Legislative Assembly of Punjab" (PDF). Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2015-07-26.
  14. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1957 : To the Legislative Assembly of Rajasthan" (PDF). Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2015-07-26.
  15. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1957 : To the Legislative Assembly of Uttar Pradesh" (PDF). Election Commission of India. Retrieved July 11, 2015.
  16. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1957 : To the Legislative Assembly of West Bengal" (PDF). Election Commission of India. Retrieved July 11, 2015.