|1961 Census of India|
|Total population||438,936,918 (21.62)|
|Most populous ||Uttar Pradesh (70,144,160)|
|Least populous ||Sikkim (162,863)|
The 1961 Census of India was the tenth in a series of censuses held in India every decade since 1872.
The population of India was counted as 438,936,918 people.
|Andhra Pradesh||35.98 million|
|Jammu and Kashmir||3.56 million|
|Madhya Pradesh||32.37 million|
|Uttar Pradesh||73.74 million|
|West Bengal||34.92 million|
|Andaman and Nicobar Islands||63,548|
|Himachal Pradesh||1.35 million|
|Dadra and Nagar Haveli||57,963|
|Goa, Daman & Diu||626,978|
|North East Frontier Agency||336,558|
The 1961 census recognized 1,652 mother tongues, counting all declarations made by any individual at the time when the census was conducted. However, the declaring individuals often mixed names of languages with those of dialects, sub-dialects and dialect clusters or even castes, professions, religions, localities, regions, countries and nationalities. The list therefore includes "languages" with barely a few individual speakers as well as 530 unclassified "mother tongues" and more than 100 idioms that are non-native to India, including linguistically unspecific demonyms such as "African", "Canadian" or "Belgian". Modifications were done by bringing in two additional components- place of birth i.e. village or town and duration of stay ( if born elsewhere).