1969 Indian presidential election

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V.V.Giri.jpg
NeelamSanjeevaReddy.jpg
Nominee V. V. Giri Neelam Sanjiva Reddy
Party Independent (India) Independent (India)
Home state Odisha Andhra Pradesh
Electoral vote 420,077 405,427
Percentage 50.9% 49.1%

Präsidentschaftswahl in Indien 1969.svg

President before election

Zakir Husain
Independent

Elected President

Varahagiri Venkata Giri
Independent

The Election Commission of India held indirect 5th presidential elections of India on 16 August 1969. Varahagiri Venkata Giri with 420,077 votes won in a runoff election over his rival Neelam Sanjeeva Reddy who got 405,427 votes.[1]

Schedule

The election schedule was announced by the Election Commission of India on 14 July 1969.[2]

S.No. Poll Event Date
1. Last Date for filing nomination 24 July 1969
2. Date for Scrutiny of nomination 26 July 1969
3. Last Date for Withdrawal of nomination 29 July 1969
4. Date of Poll 16 August 1969
5. Date of Counting 20 August 1969

Results

Source: Web archive of Election Commission of India website[3][4]

Candidate Electoral Values (Initial Count) Electoral Values (Runoff)
Varahagiri Venkata Giri 401,515 420,077
Neelam Sanjeeva Reddy 313,548 405,427
Chintaman Dwarkanath Deshmukh 112,769 NA
Chandradatt Senani 5,814
Gurcharan Kaur 940
Rajabhoj Pandurang Nathuji 831
Babu Lal Mag 576
Chowdhry Hari Ram 125
Manovihari Aniruddh Sharma 125
Khubi Ram 94
Bhagmal
Krishna Kumar Chatterjee
Santosh Singh Kachhwaha
Ramdular Tripathi Chakor
Ramanlal Purushottam Vyas
Total 836,337 825,504

Giri won a majority of the votes in 11 of India's 17 state legislatures although the Congress Party was in power in 12. His campaign also had the backing of the Communists and other leftist parliamentary parties. Massive defections within the Congress Party resulted in Reddy winning only 268 first preference votes despite the Congress Parliamentary Party having a strength of 431.[5]

Background

The Congress Parliamentary Board met on July 11, 1969, to discuss the presidential candidate. The Syndicate had already decided on nominating Sanjiva Reddy, whose affinity to them was well known. Mrs Gandhi was naturally loath to do so. At the meeting, she suggested nominating the veteran dalit leader, Jagjivan Ram. When this was shot down, she asked that they postpone a decision to allow more time for arriving at a consensus. Nijalingappa, however, forced a vote in the six-member Parliamentary Board. Mrs Gandhi was outvoted four to two.

Even as a brooding Indira Gandhi left for Bangalore, a fresh opening presented itself. The Vice-President V V Giri announced that he would contest the presidential elections as an independent candidate. Mrs Gandhi knew that before she could support Giri against her own party's nominee, she would have to regain the initiative within the party. This she did first by forcing Morarji Desai out of the Cabinet and then by nationalizing banks. She also went ahead and filed the nomination for Sanjiva Reddy, though she refrained from issuing a whip to Congress MPs.

The Syndicate realized that Mrs Gandhi might yet come out in support of Giri. Nijalingappa took a fatal misstep by approaching the main opposition parties, Swatantra and Jana Sangh, to cast their second preference vote for Reddy (the opposition's candidate was C D Deshmukh). Mrs Gandhi seized the opportunity to denounce Nijalingappa's move. Yet, she did not formally reveal her preference until the night before the elections, when she called on her party to 'vote according to conscience'.

V V Giri won the poll by a narrow margin. The voting figures showed that a majority of Congress members had actually voted for Reddy. Giri had edged through with a minority of Congress votes and support from a curious combination of opposition groups.[6]

See also

References

  1. ^ "From the Archives (August 21, 1969): Giri elected new President of India". The Hindu. 21 August 2019. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 16 February 2020.
  2. ^ "Background material related to Election to the office of President of India 2017". Election Commission of India. Retrieved 30 January 2022.
  3. ^ http://164.100.47.5/presidentelection/5th.pdf Archived 2016-03-03 at the Wayback Machine Election Commission of India
  4. ^ http://www.aol.in/news-story/the-indian-president-past-winners-and-losers/2007061905199019000001 Archived 2018-06-17 at the Wayback Machine AOL news (Past and present Presidential Results)
  5. ^ "Gandhi's candidate wins in India". The Spartanburg Herald. 21 August 1969. Retrieved 3 January 2015.
  6. ^ Raghavan, Srinath (18 June 2012). "Twists & turns of 1969 presidential race still the most sensational". The Times of India. Retrieved 16 February 2020.