1970 Austrian legislative election

← 1966 1 March 1970 1971 →

165 seats in the National Council of Austria
83 seats needed for a majority
  First party Second party Third party
 
Leader Bruno Kreisky Josef Klaus Friedrich Peter
Party SPÖ ÖVP FPÖ
Leader since 1967 1963 1958
Last election 74 seats, 42.56% 85 seats, 48.35% 6 seats, 5.35%
Seats won 81 78 6
Seat change Increase 7 Decrease 7 Steady
Popular vote 2,221,981 2,051,012 253,425
Percentage 48.42% 44.69% 5.52%
Swing Increase 5.86% Decrease 3.66% Increase 0.17%

Results of the election, showing seats won by constituency and nationwide. Constituencies are shaded according to the first-place party.

Chancellor before election

Josef Klaus
ÖVP

Elected Chancellor

Bruno Kreisky
SPÖ

Parliamentary elections were held in Austria on 1 March 1970.[1] The result was a victory for the Socialist Party, which won 81 of the 165 seats to become the largest party for the first time in the Second Republic. With the SPÖ two seats short of a majority, SPÖ leader Bruno Kreisky became Chancellor at the head of a minority government that was tolerated by the Freedom Party of Austria in return for electoral reforms that benefitted smaller parties by increasing the proportionality of votes and seats.[2] Voter turnout was 91.8%.[3] It was the first Socialist-led government since 1920, and the first purely left-wing government in Austrian history. The SPÖ would lead the government for the next 29 years.

Early elections under the new system were held the following year, at which the Socialists won an outright majority.

Results

Party Votes % Seats +/–
Socialist Party of Austria 2,221,981 48.4 81 +7
Austrian People's Party 2,051,012 44.7 78 –7
Freedom Party of Austria 253,425 5.5 6 0
Communist Party of Austria 44,750 1.0 0 0
Democratic Progressive Party 14,925 0.3 0 0
National Democratic Party 2,631 0.1 0 New
Adolf Glantschnig - For Humanity, Law and Freedom in Austria 237 0.0 0 New
Invalid/blank votes 41,890
Total 4,630,851 100 165 0
Source: Nohlen & Stöver
Popular vote
SPÖ
48.42%
ÖVP
44.69%
FPÖ
5.52%
KPÖ
0.98%
Other
0.37%
Parliamentary seats
SPÖ
49.09%
ÖVP
47.27%
FPÖ
3.64%

References

  1. ^ Dieter Nohlen & Philip Stöver (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p196 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
  2. ^ Nohlen & Stöver, p188
  3. ^ Nohlen & Stöver, p215