Elections in the Republic of India in 1978 included elections to seven state legislative assemblies.

Legislative Assembly elections

Andhra Pradesh

Main article: 1978 Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly election

PARTY [1] SEATS VOTES POLLED VOTE % IN
NATIONAL PARTIES CONTESTED WON FD VOTES % SEATS
1. CPI 31 6 12 501452 2.49% 23.40%
2. CPM 22 8 1 546262 2.71% 34.65%
3. INC 257 30 130 3426850 17.01% 19.48%
4 . INC(I) 290 175 18 7908220 39.25% 39.69%
5 . JNP 270 60 36 5812532 28.85% 31.52%
STATE PARTIES
6. ADK 9 0 9 38691 0.19% 6.22%
7. DMK 2 0 2 6547 0.03% 4.12%
REGISTERED (Unrecognised) PARTIES
8. BCM 2 0 2 2123 0.01% 1.53%
9. RPI 1 0 1 500 0.00% 0.69%
10 . RPK 13 0 11 53497 0.27% 6.03%
11 . RRP 1 0 1 611 0.00% 1.06%
INDEPENDENTS
12. IND 640 15 593 1852808 9.20% 11.35%
Grand Total : 1538 294 816 20150093

Arunachal Pradesh

Main article: 1978 Arunachal Pradesh Legislative Assembly election

Assam

Main article: 1978 Assam Legislative Assembly election

Sl No Party Abbreviation Party-type Contested Won Votes polled % Vote % in seats contested
1 Communist Party of India CPI National 35 5 4.09 14.39
2 Communist Party of India (Marxist) CPM National 27 11 5.62 25.87
3 Indian National Congress INC National 126 26 23.62 23.62
4 Indian National Congress (I) INC(I) National 115 8 8.78 9.84
5 Janata Party JNP National 117 53 27.55 29.95
6 All India Forward Bloc FBL State 3 0 0.09 4.28
7 Plain Tribals Council of Assam PTC State 9 4 2.60 32.54
8 Revolutionary Socialist Party (India) RSP State 6 0 0.44 8.85
9 All India Gorkha League IGL Registered 1 0 0.04 6.08
10 Revolutionary Communist Party of India RCI Registered 10 4 1.40 17.68
11 Socialist Unity Centre of India SUC Registered 4 0 0.07 2.29
12 Independent IND 15 25.67 26.50
Total 126
Source: Statistical Report on Legislative Assembly election of Assam, 1978

Karnataka

Main article: 1978 Karnataka Legislative Assembly election

Summary of results of the Karnataka Legislative Assembly election, 1978[2]
Political Party
Contestants
Seats won
Seat change
Number of votes
Vote share
Net change
Indian National Congress (Indira) 214 149 5,543,756 44.25%
Janata Party 222 59 4,754,114 37.95%
Communist Party of India 6 3 Steady 148,567 1.19%
Indian National Congress 212 2 1,001,553 7.99%
Republican Party of India 3 1 22,443 0.18%
Independents 10 Decrease 10 940,677 7.51% N/A
Total 224 '

Maharashtra

Main article: 1978 Maharashtra Legislative Assembly election

Summary of results of the Maharashtra State Assembly election, 1978[3]
Political Party
No. of candidates
No. of elected
Number of Votes
% of Votes
Seat change
Janata Party 215 99 5,701,399 27.99% Increase 99
Indian National Congress 259 69 5,159,828 25.33% Decrease 159
Indian National Congress (Indira) 203 62 3,735,308 18.34% Increase 62
Peasants and Workers Party of India 88 13 1,129,172 5.54% Increase 6
Communist Party of India (Marxist) 12 9 345,008 1.69% Increase 8
All India Forward Bloc 6 3 166,497 0.82% Increase 1
Republican Party of India 25 2 215,487 1.06% Steady
Republican Party of India (Khobragade) 23 2 287,533 1.41% Increase 2
Communist Party of India 48 1 301,056 1.48% Decrease 1
Independents 894 28 2,864,023 14.06% Increase 5
Total 1819 288 20,367,221 100%

Meghalaya

Main article: 1978 Meghalaya Legislative Assembly election

Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Won +/−
Indian National Congress (INC) 109,654 28.96 19.07 Increase 20 11 Increase
All Party Hill Leaders Conference (APHLC) 94,362 24.92 10.75 Decrease 16 16 Decrease
Hill State People's Democratic Party (HSPDP) 72,852 19.24 14[a]
Indian National Congress (I) 5,447 1.44 0
Communist Party of India 2,361 0.62 0.05 Increase 0 Steady
Independents (IND) 93,970 24.82 29.04 Decrease 10[b] 9 Decrease
Total 378,646 100.00 60 ±0
Source: Election Commission of India[4]

a The HSPDP won 8 seats in the 1972 election, but the party's representatives were recorded as independents at the time of that election.[5]

b Two candidates from the PDIC were elected, but the party had not obtained registration in time for the election; the party's representatives were recorded as independents in the official results.[6]

Mizoram

Main article: 1978 Mizoram Legislative Assembly election

PartyVotes%Seats+/–
Mizoram People's Conference52,64037.4722Increase22
Independents87,83062.538Decrease16
Total140,470100.00300
Valid votes140,47098.71
Invalid/blank votes1,8381.29
Total votes142,308100.00
Registered voters/turnout224,93663.27
Source: ECI[7]

References

  1. ^ "Election Results, 1978, Andhra Pradesh". Archived from the original on 15 May 2019.
  2. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1978 to the Legislative Assembly of Karnataka" (PDF). Election Commission of India.
  3. ^ "Key Highlights of General Election, 1978 to the Legislative Assembly of Maharashtra" (PDF). Election Commission of India.
  4. ^ "Meghalaya 1978". Election Commission of India. Retrieved 7 March 2020.
  5. ^ Warjri, Antarwell (March 2017). "Role of Regional Political Parties and Formation of the Coalition Governments in Meghalaya" (PDF). International Journal of Humanities & Social Science Studies. 3 (5): 206–218. Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 May 2017. Retrieved 9 January 2022.
  6. ^ Gupta, Susmita Sen (2005). Regionalism in Meghalaya. South Asian Publishers. p. 118. ISBN 978-81-7003-288-5.
  7. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1978 to the Legislative Assembly of Mizoram". Election Commission of India. Retrieved 13 July 2021.