1984 Indian general election

← 1980 24, 27 and 28 December 1984 1989 →

541 of the 543 seats in the Lok Sabha
271 seats needed for a majority
Turnout64.01% (Increase7.09pp)
  First party Second party Third party
Leader Rajiv Gandhi N.T. Rama Rao E. M. S. Namboodiripad
Seats won 414 30 22
Seat change Increase 61 New New
Popular vote 120,107,044 10,132,859 13,809,950
Percentage 46.86% 3.95% 5.87%
Swing Increase 4.17pp New Decrease 0.37pp

Prime Minister before election

Rajiv Gandhi

Prime Minister after election

Rajiv Gandhi

General elections were held in India in 1984 soon after the assassination of previous Prime Minister, Indira Gandhi, though the vote in Assam and Punjab was delayed until 1985 due to ongoing fighting.

The elections were a landslide victory for the Indian National Congress of Rajiv Gandhi (son of Indira Gandhi), which won 415 of the 543 seats elected in 1984 and a further 10 in the delayed elections. The Telugu Desam Party of N. T. Rama Rao, a regional political party from the state of Andhra Pradesh, was the second largest party, winning 30 seats, thus achieving the distinction of becoming the first regional party to become a national opposition party. Voting was held immediately after the assassination of Indira Gandhi and the 1984 anti-Sikh riots in November and most of India supported Congress.

The 1984 elections were the last in which a single party won a majority of seats until 2014, and the only time to date in which a party won more than 400 seats.


Indian National Congress115,478,26749.10404
Bharatiya Janata Party18,202,8537.742
Janata Party16,210,5146.8910
Communist Party of India (Marxist)13,809,9505.8722
Telugu Desam Party10,132,8594.3130
Communist Party of India6,363,4302.716
Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam5,695,1792.422
All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam3,968,9671.6912
Indian Congress (Socialist)3,577,3771.524
Indian National Congress (Jagjivan)1,511,5150.641
Revolutionary Socialist Party1,173,8690.503
All India Forward Bloc1,055,5560.452
Jammu & Kashmir National Conference1,010,2430.433
Indian Union Muslim League658,8210.282
Kerala Congress (Joseph)598,1130.252
Doordarshi Party508,4260.220
Peasants and Workers Party of India463,9630.201
Jharkhand Mukti Morcha332,4030.140
Kerala Congress258,5910.110
All India Muslim League224,1550.100
Gandhi Kamraj National Congress217,1040.090
Socialist Unity Centre of India196,7670.080
Republican Party of India (Khobragade)165,3200.070
Manipur Peoples Party149,0190.060
Tamil Nadu Congress (K)144,0760.060
Naga National Democratic Party113,9190.050
Jammu & Kashmir Panthers Party95,1490.040
Maharashtrawadi Gomantak Party83,1220.040
People's Party of Arunachal78,4550.030
Republican Party of India22,8770.010
Jharkhand Party18,8370.010
Jammu & Kashmir Peoples Conference6460.000
Appointed Anglo-Indians2
Valid votes235,184,20997.49
Invalid/blank votes6,062,6782.51
Total votes241,246,887100.00
Registered voters/turnout379,540,60863.56
Source: ECI

Delayed elections in Assam and Punjab

Results from 1985
Indian National Congress4,628,77732.1410
Shiromani Akali Dal2,577,27917.907
Communist Party of India (Marxist)462,5763.210
Indian Congress (Socialist)457,7053.181
Communist Party of India369,6872.570
Plain Tribals Council of Assam310,1502.151
Bharatiya Janata Party263,2841.830
Janata Party420,0822.920
Valid votes14,401,12595.70
Invalid/blank votes646,9514.30
Total votes15,048,076100.00
Registered voters/turnout20,834,72572.23
Source: ECI

See also