1988 Kenyan general election

← 1983 21 March 1988 1992 →
Presidential election
Candidate Daniel arap Moi
Party KANU

President before election

Daniel arap Moi

Elected President

Daniel arap Moi

Parliamentary election

Party Leader % Seats ±
KANU Daniel arap Moi 100% 188 +30
This lists parties that won seats. See the complete results below.
Speaker of the National Assembly before Speaker of the National Assembly after
Fred Mbiti Gideon Mati
Moses Kiprono arap Keino

General elections were held in Kenya on 21 March 1988. At the time, the county was a one-party state with the Kenya African National Union as the sole legal party. The size of the National Assembly was expanded from 158 to 188 seats prior to the elections. Although the post of President of Kenya was due to be elected at the same time as the National Assembly, Daniel arap Moi was the sole candidate and was automatically elected without a vote being held. Following the elections, a further 12 members were appointed by President Moi.[1]


In February 1988 a new system was introduced for the primary elections of KANU candidates. The mlolongo or queue system involved party members lining up behind photographs of their preferred candidate.[2] In a country of 20 million people, 4,528,480 were KANU members, and there were accusations that the mlolongo system resulted in voter intimidation and fraud during the primaries.[2] Beyond, a church-based magazine was banned after it condemned the public voting as "a mockery of justice."[2]


Kenya African National Union2,231,229100.00188+30
Appointed members0
Valid votes2,231,22998.54
Invalid/blank votes33,1521.46
Total votes2,264,381100.00
Registered voters/turnout5,562,98140.70
Source: IPU


At the first meeting of newly elected Assembly in April 1988, Fred Mbiti Gideon Mati, who had been Speaker since 1970, resigned, and the National Assembly elected Moses Kiprono arap Keino as his replacement.


  1. ^ History of the Parliament of Kenya Archived 2009-08-06 at the Wayback Machine Parliament of Kenya
  2. ^ a b c In One-Party Kenya, Election Is Questioned New York Times, 24 March 1988]