Elections in the Republic of India in 1989 included the 1989 Indian general election, elections to eight state legislative assemblies and to seats in the Rajya Sabha.

General election

Lok Sabha Zusammensetzung 1989.svg
Indian National Congress118,894,70239.53197
Janata Dal53,518,52117.79143
Bharatiya Janata Party34,171,47711.3685
Communist Party of India (Marxist)19,691,3096.5533
Telugu Desam Party9,909,7283.292
Communist Party of India7,734,6972.5712
Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam7,196,0992.390
Bahujan Samaj Party6,213,3902.073
All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam4,518,6491.5011
Janata Party3,029,7431.010
Shiromani Akali Dal (Simranjit Singh Mann)2,318,8720.776
Revolutionary Socialist Party1,854,2760.624
Pattali Makkal Katchi1,561,3710.520
Doordarshi Party1,338,5660.450
All India Forward Bloc1,261,3100.423
Jharkhand Mukti Morcha1,032,2760.343
Indian Congress (Socialist) – Sarat Chandra Sinha978,3770.331
Indian Union Muslim League974,2340.322
Indian People's Front737,5510.251
Peasants and Workers Party of India636,5890.210
All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen617,3760.211
Lok Dal (Bahuguna)602,1100.200
Bharatiya Republican Paksha572,4340.190
Karnataka Rajya Ryota Sangha495,5650.160
Republican Party of India (Khobragade)468,6150.160
Gorkha National Liberation Front435,0700.141
Shiromani Akali Dal (Badal)427,6090.140
Jharkhand Dal367,8380.120
Kerala Congress (M)352,1910.121
Shiv Sena339,4260.111
Marxist Co-ordination Committee247,0130.081
Nagaland People's Council239,1240.080
Hindu Mahasabha217,5140.071
Manipur Peoples Party147,1280.050
Republican Party of India129,3000.040
Humanist Party of India122,9470.040
All India Dalit Muslim Minorities Suraksha Mahasangh120,1590.040
Maharashtrawadi Gomantak Party116,3920.041
Kuki National Assembly108,0850.040
Shiromani Akali Dal100,5700.030
Marxist Communist Party of India (S.S. Srivastava)100,3000.030
People's Party of Arunachal96,1810.030
Uttar Pradesh Republican Party91,7400.030
Sikkim Sangram Parishad91,6080.031
Amra Bangali80,8340.030
Jammu & Kashmir National Conference71,1940.023
Mizo National Front70,7490.020
Kerala Congress68,8110.020
Tharasu Makkal Mandaram64,8850.020
Democratic Party43,6670.010
Shoshit Samaj Dal42,2820.010
Uttarakhand Kranti Dal39,4650.010
Communist Party of India (Marxist–Leninist)38,9370.010
Muslim Majlis Uttar Pradesh25,8390.010
Proutist Bloc Of India23,3310.010
Jammu & Kashmir Panthers Party22,6250.010
Bharatiya Jana Sangh22,4460.010
Karnataka Gana Parishad19,5930.010
Socialist Party (Lohiya)17,6390.010
Tamiliar Kazhagam12,8590.000
Rising Sun Party12,8580.000
Indian Congress (J) Trikha Group12,5390.000
Socialist Party12,4300.000
Socialist Unity Centre of India8,7470.000
All India Garib Congress7,6350.000
Hul Jharkhand Party6,6630.000
Bhatiya Krishi Udyog Sangh5,8950.000
Lok Party4,7310.000
Akhil Bhartiya Gorkha League (Budhiman Gurung)4,4260.000
Shoshit Samaj Party3,7560.000
Scientific Vedic Revolutionary Party3,4700.000
Deseeya Karshaka Party3,0590.000
Akhil Bharatiya Ram Rajya Parishad2,9980.000
Barat Desam Labour Party2,9440.000
Progressive Hul Jharkhand2,8900.000
Republicon Presidium Party2,7910.000
West Orissa Peoples Front2,6820.000
West Bengal Socialist Party (Biman Mitra)2,4110.000
All India Shiromani Baba Jiwan Singh Mazhbi Dal2,3680.000
Akhil Bhartiya Hindustani Krantikari Samajwadi Party2,2630.000
Green Party of India2,1420.000
Akhil Baratiya Pichhra Varg Party2,0550.000
Tamil Nadu Peoples Welfare Association1,9640.000
Sadharam Rajya Parishad1,9280.000
Indian National Congress (O) Anti-Merger Group1,7350.000
Gujarat Janata Parishad1,5770.000
All India Justice Party1,4280.000
Peoples Democracy of India1,3920.000
Punjab Peoples Party1,3740.000
Hindustan Janata Party1,3610.000
Bharatha Makkal Congress1,3570.000
Deccan Congress1,3320.000
Akhil Bhartiya Lok Tantrik Party1,2720.000
Vijaya Shakti1,0930.000
Bhartiya Loktantrik Mazdoor Dal1,0350.000
Pandav Dal9180.000
National Republican Party8390.000
Bhartiya Loktantrik Mazdoor Sangh7030.000
Mahabharat Peoples Party6940.000
Indian Union Muslim League (IML)6870.000
Manipur Peoples Council6770.000
Vishal Bharat Pary6210.000
Republican Party of India (Gavai Group)5390.000
Punjab Kairon Dal4930.000
Peoples Party of India4780.000
Indian Labour Party4060.000
Socialist Labour League3910.000
Bharatiya Krantikari Kisan Sang3670.000
Kamaraj Desiya Congress3220.000
Punjab Naya Front3140.000
Hindu Shiv Sena1600.000
Bhartiya Lok Kalyan Dal1450.000
Labour Party of India990.000
Nominated Anglo-Indians2
Valid votes300,776,42397.32
Invalid/blank votes8,274,0722.68
Total votes309,050,495100.00
Registered voters/turnout498,906,12961.95
Source: ECI[1]

Legislative Assembly elections

Andhra Pradesh

Main article: 1989 Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly election


No Party Seats Contested Seats Won Seats change Vote Share Swing
1 Indian National Congress 287 181 +131 47.09% +3.67%
2 Telugu Desam Party 241 74 -128 36.54% -9.67%
3 Communist Party of India 19 8 -3 2.31% -0.05%
4 Communist Party of India (Marxist) 15 6 -5 2.46% +0.15%
5 Bharatiya Janata Party 12 5 -3 1.78% +0.46%
6 Janata Dal 4 1 +1 0.37% +0.37%
7 All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen 35 4 +4 1.99 +1.99%
8 Independent (politician) 15 +6 6.58% -2.52%


Main article: 1989 Goa Legislative Assembly election

Indian National Congress204,32140.5220
Maharashtrawadi Gomantak Party195,53338.7818
Gomantak Lok Party15,8943.150
Janata Dal7,0451.400
Shiv Sena4,9600.980
Communist Party of India2,8820.570
Bhartiya Janata Party1,9850.390
Gomantak Bahujan Samaj Parishad8960.180
Janata Party2460.050
Communist Party of India (Marxist)1050.020
Valid votes504,20597.64
Invalid/blank votes12,2072.36
Total votes516,412100.00
Registered voters/turnout712,56272.47
Source: ECI


Main article: 1989 Karnataka Legislative Assembly election

Summary of results of the Karnataka Legislative Assembly election, 1989[3]
Political Party
Seats contested
Seats won
Number of Votes
% of Votes
Seat change
Indian National Congress 221 178 7,990,142 43.76% Increase 113
Janata Dal 209 24 4,943,854 27.08% New Party
Bharatiya Janata Party 118 4 755,032 4.14% Increase 2
Janata Party (JP) 217 2 2,070,341 11.34% New Party
Karnataka Rajya Raitha Sangha 105 2 654,801 3.59% New Party
AIADMK 1 1 32,928 0.18% New Party
Muslim League 13 1 80,612 0.44% New Party
Independents 1088 12 1,482,482 8.12% Decrease 1
Total 2043 224 18,257,909


Main article: 1989 Mizoram Legislative Assembly election

India Mizoram Legislative Assembly 1989.svg
Indian National Congress93,56134.8523Increase10
Mizo National Front94,76335.2914Decrease10
Mizoram People's Conference52,81319.671Decrease2
Valid votes268,49098.95
Invalid/blank votes2,8491.05
Total votes271,339100.00
Registered voters/turnout333,73381.30
Source: ECI[4]


Main article: 1989 Nagaland Legislative Assembly election

India Nagaland Legislative Assembly 1989.svg
Indian National Congress253,79251.4536+2
Nagaland People's Conference205,28341.6124New
National People's Party13,5962.760New
Valid votes493,29698.89
Invalid/blank votes5,5261.11
Total votes498,822100.00
Registered voters/turnout582,41685.65
Source: ECI[5]


Main article: 1989 Sikkim Legislative Assembly election

Sikkim Sangram Parishad94,07870.4132+2
Indian National Congress24,12118.050–1
Rising Sun Party11,4728.590New
Denzong Peoples Chogpi2980.220New
Valid votes133,61995.97
Invalid/blank votes5,6084.03
Total votes139,227100.00
Registered voters/turnout192,61972.28
Source: ECI

Tamil Nadu

Main article: 1989 Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly election

Summary of the 1989 January/March Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly election results
Alliance/Party Seats won Change Popular Vote Vote % Adj. %
DMK+ alliance 169 +137 9,135,220 37.9%
DMK 150 +126 8,001,222 33.2% 38.7%
CPI(M) 15 +10 851,351 3.5% 36.5%
JNP 4 +1 282,647 1.2% 29.1%
AIADMK+ alliance 34 -100 7,757,452 32.2%
AIADMK(J) 27 -101 5,098,687 22.2% 25.0%
AIADMK(JA) 2 2,214,965 9.2% 12.2%
AIADMK(United) 2 148,630 0.6% 37.4%
CPI 3 +1 295,170 1.2% 21.3%
Others 31 -37 7,218,796 29.9%
INC 26 -37 4,780,714 19.8% 21.8%
IND 5 +1 2,164,484 9.0% 9.1%
Total 234 24,111,468 100%

: Seat change reflects 33 MLAs that supported Jayalalithaa faction and 97 MLAs that supported Janaki faction (2 MLAs that supported her had their constituency election in a later March by-election after the merge). It also reflects GKC merging with INC and AKD not winning a seat after winning a seat in 1984.
: Vote % reflects the percentage of votes the party received compared to the entire electorate that voted in this election. Adjusted (Adj.) Vote %, reflects the % of votes the party received per constituency that they contested.
Sources: Election Commission of India[6]

Uttar Pradesh

Main article: 1989 Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly election

India Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly 1989.svg
Janata Dal11,571,46229.71208New
Indian National Congress10,866,42827.9094–175
Bharatiya Janata Party4,522,86711.6157+41
Bahujan Samaj Party3,664,4179.4113+13
Communist Party of India606,8851.5660
Lok Dal (B)464,5551.192New
Janata Party (JP)289,1540.741New
Communist Party of India (Marxist)142,7630.3720
Shoshit Samaj Dal71,7630.181New
Akhil Bharatiya Hindu Mahasabha68,9430.181+1
Other Parties655,9721.680
Valid votes38,946,13095.18
Invalid/blank votes1,971,8324.82
Total votes40,917,962100.00
Registered voters/turnout79,560,89751.43
Source: ECI[7][8]

Rajya Sabha

Main article: 1989 Indian Rajya Sabha elections


  1. ^ "General Election, 1989 (Vol I, II)". Election Commission of India.
  2. ^ "Andhra Pradesh 1989 -". Election Commission of India. Retrieved 12 November 2021.
  3. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1989 to the Legislative Assembly of Karnataka" (PDF). Election Commission of India.
  4. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1989 to the Legislative Assembly of Mizoram". Election Commission of India. Retrieved 16 July 2021.
  5. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1989 to the Legislative Assembly of Nagaland". Election Commission of India. Retrieved 22 August 2021.
  6. ^ "ECI 1989 Election Statistical Report" (PDF). Election Commission of India.
  7. ^ "Uttar Pradesh 1989". Election Commission of India. Retrieved 6 November 2021.
  8. ^ "Uttar Pradesh 1985". Election Commission of India. Retrieved 6 November 2021.