1998 Dutch general election
Netherlands
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All 150 seats in the House of Representatives
76 seats needed for a majority
Turnout73.4% (Decrease 5.4 pp)
Party Leader % Seats ±
PvdA Wim Kok 29.0% 45 +8
VVD Frits Bolkestein 24.7% 38 +7
CDA Jaap de Hoop Scheffer 18.3% 29 -5
D66 Els Borst 9.0% 14 -10
GL Paul Rosenmöller 7.3% 11 +6
SP Jan Marijnissen 3.5% 5 +3
RPF Leen van Dijke 2.0% 3 0
SGP Bas van der Vlies 1.7% 3 +1
GPV Gert Schutte 1.2% 2 0
This lists parties that won seats. See the complete results below.
Strongest political party by municipality
Prime Minister before Prime Minister after
Wim Kok
PvdA
Wim Kok
PvdA

General elections were held in the Netherlands on 6 May 1998.[1] As of 2021, they mark the last time a government headed by the Labour Party (PvdA) has been elected, or that that party won the popular vote and the most seats in the House of Representatives.

Introduction

During the 1998 election the purple coalition of social-democrats and liberals (left and right) fortified its majority. Both the social-democratic PvdA and the conservative liberal VVD won considerably, much at the cost of their junior partner in cabinet, the progressive liberal D66.

Political observers attributed the win to the economic performance of the coalition, including reduction of unemployment and the budget deficit, steady growth and job creation combined with wage freezes and trimming of the welfare state, together with a policy of fiscal restraint.[2]

The two small left opposition parties, the green GroenLinks, and the socialist SP, were rewarded for their 'quality opposition'. The major opposition party, CDA, uncomfortable in its opposition role, also lost seats. The two parties for the elderly AOV and Unie 55+ and the rightwing populist CD did not return to parliament.

The formation resulted in the continuation of the Kok cabinet, with the second Kok cabinet (PvdA, VVD & D66).

Results

PartyVotes%Seats+/–
Labour Party2,494,55528.9845+8
People's Party for Freedom and Democracy2,124,97124.6938+7
Christian Democratic Appeal1,581,05318.3729–5
Democrats 66773,4978.9914–10
GroenLinks625,9687.2711+6
Socialist Party303,7033.535+3
Reformatory Political Federation174,5932.0330
Reformed Political Party153,5831.783+1
Reformed Political League108,7241.2620
Centre Democrats52,2260.610–3
General Elderly AllianceUnion 55+45,9940.530–7
Mobile Netherlands45,2190.530New
Seniors 200036,1570.420New
New Middle Party23,5120.270New
The Greens16,5850.1900
Natural Law Party15,7460.1800
Catholic Political Party8,2330.100New
Progressive Integration Party7,2250.0800
New Solidarity Elderly Union6,4550.070New
New Communist Party of the Netherlands5,6200.0700
Idealists/Jij2,5000.030New
The Voters Collective1,6680.020New
Total8,607,787100.001500
Valid votes8,607,78799.83
Invalid/blank votes14,4350.17
Total votes8,622,222100.00
Registered voters/turnout11,755,13273.35
Source: Nohlen & Stöver, European Elections Database
Popular Vote
PvdA
28.98%
VVD
24.69%
CDA
18.37%
D66
8.99%
GL
7.27%
SP
3.53%
RPF
2.03%
SGP
1.78%
GPV
1.26%
CD
0.61%
AOV/Unie 55+
0.53%
Other
1.96%

References

  1. ^ Dieter Nohlen & Philip Stöver (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p1396 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
  2. ^ Netherlands: Elections held in 1998 Inter-Parliamentary Union

Further reading