1999 Austrian legislative election

← 1995 3 October 1999 2002 →

All 183 seats in the National Council
92 seats needed for a majority
Turnout4,695,225 (80.4%)[1]
Decrease 5.6%
  First party Second party Third party
 
Leader Viktor Klima Jörg Haider Wolfgang Schüssel
Party SPÖ FPÖ ÖVP
Leader since January 1997 13 September 1986 22 April 1995
Leader's seat 3 Lower Austria 2A Klagenfurt 9E Vienna South-West
Last election 71 seats, 38.1% 41 seats, 21.9% 52 seats, 28.3%
Seats won 65 52 52
Seat change Decrease 6 Increase 11 Steady 0
Popular vote 1,532,448 1,244,087 1,243,672
Percentage 33.2% 26.9% 26.9%
Swing Decrease 4.9% Increase 5.0% Decrease 1.4%

  Fourth party Fifth party
 
Leader Alexander Van der Bellen Heide Schmidt
Party Greens LiF
Leader since 13 December 1997 4 February 1993
Leader's seat 9F Vienna North-West
Last election 9 seats, 4.8% 10 seats, 5.5%
Seats won 14 0
Seat change Increase 5 Decrease 10
Popular vote 342,260 168,612
Percentage 7.4% 3.6%
Swing Increase 2.6% Decrease 1.9%

Results of the election, showing seats won by state and nationwide. States are shaded according to the first-place party.

Chancellor before election

Viktor Klima
SPÖ

Elected Chancellor

Wolfgang Schüssel
ÖVP

Parliamentary elections were held in Austria on 3 October 1999.[2]

Although the Social Democratic Party remained the largest party in the National Council, a right-wing coalition government was formed by the Freedom Party of Austria (FPÖ) and the Austrian People's Party (ÖVP) after several months of negotiations. Although the FPÖ had finished a fraction of a point ahead of the ÖVP in the popular vote, ÖVP leader Wolfgang Schüssel became Chancellor rather than controversial FPÖ leader Jörg Haider. Haider, who had also been elected Landeshauptmann of Carinthia, was not appointed to the cabinet and resigned as party leader.[3]

However, foreign governments remained critical of the FPÖ's inclusion in the government and the fourteen other member countries of the European Union imposed sanctions on the country, whilst domestically the government faced protests organised by the SPÖ and Greens.[3] However, this pressure on the government helped stabilise it and when it became clear that the FPÖ was not going to be excluded from government, sanctions were lifted.[3]

Voter turnout was 80.4%.[4]

Contesting parties

The table below lists parties represented in the 20th National Council.

Name Ideology Leader 1995 result
Votes (%) Seats
SPÖ Social Democratic Party of Austria
Sozialdemokratische Partei Österreichs
Social democracy

Viktor Klima
38.1%
71 / 183
ÖVP Austrian People's Party
Österreichische Volkspartei
Christian democracy

Wolfgang Schüssel
28.3%
52 / 183
FPÖ Freedom Party of Austria
Freiheitliche Partei Österreichs
Right-wing populism
Euroscepticism

Jörg Haider
21.9%
41 / 183
LiF Liberal Forum
Liberales Forum
Liberalism

Heide Schmidt
5.5%
10 / 183
GRÜNE The Greens – The Green Alternative
Die Grünen – Die Grüne Alternative
Green politics

Alexander Van der Bellen
4.8%
9 / 183

Results

Party Votes % +/− Seats +/−
Social Democratic Party of Austria (SPÖ) 1,532,448 33.15 –4.91 65 –6
Freedom Party of Austria (FPÖ) 1,244,087 26.91 +5.02 52 +11
Austrian People's Party (ÖVP) 1,243,672 26.91 –1.38 52 ±0
The Greens – The Green Alternative (GRÜNE) 342,260 7.40 +2.59 14 +5
Liberal Forum (LiF) 168,612 3.65 –1.86 0 –10
The Independents (DU) 46,943 1.02 New 0 New
Communist Party of Austria (KPÖ) 22,016 0.48 +0.19 0 ±0
No to NATO and EU – Neutral Austria Citizens' Initiative (NEIN) 19,286 0.42 –0.68 0 ±0
Christian Voters Community (CWG) 3,030 0.07 New 0 New
Invalid/blank votes 72,871
Total 4,695,225 100 183 0
Registered voters/turnout 5,838,373 80.42 –5.56
Source: Austrian Interior Ministry
Popular vote
SPÖ
33.15%
FPÖ
26.91%
ÖVP
26.91%
GRÜNE
7.40%
LiF
3.65%
Other
1.98%
National Council seats
SPÖ
35.52%
FPÖ
28.41%
ÖVP
28.41%
GRÜNE
7.65%

Results by state

State SPÖ FPÖ ÖVP Grüne LiF Others
 Burgenland 41.9 21.0 30.6 3.7 1.8 1.0
 Carinthia 35.7 38.6 16.3 5.5 2.6 1.3
 Lower Austria 33.8 22.5 32.9 6.0 2.9 1.9
 Upper Austria 33.1 26.8 28.6 7.4 2.7 1.4
 Salzburg 28.9 29.4 27.8 8.4 3.8 1.7
 Styria 33.8 29.2 26.8 5.8 2.6 1.8
 Tyrol 23.1 28.0 32.9 9.7 3.7 2.6
 Vorarlberg 18.2 30.2 35.2 10.0 4.8 1.6
 Vienna 37.9 24.8 17.0 10.3 7.0 3.0
 Austria 33.2 26.9 26.9 7.4 3.6 2.0
Source: Austrian Interior Ministry

References

  1. ^ "Nationalratswahl 2013 - Endgültiges Gesamtergebnis". Website of the Austrian Ministry of the Interior (in German). Bundesministerium für Inneres. Retrieved 7 November 2014.
  2. ^ Dieter Nohlen & Philip Stöver (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p196 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
  3. ^ a b c Nohlen & Stöver, p179
  4. ^ Nohlen & Stöver, p217