1st Tirailleur Regiment
1er régiment de tirailleurs
Insignia of the 1st Tirailleur Regiment
Active1 May 1994 – present
Country France
Branch French Army
TypeTirailleur regiment
Rolelight infantry
Part of7th Armoured Brigade
Garrison/HQÉpinal
Motto(s)Le Premier, toujours le premier ("The First, always the first")
Mascot(s)Ram
EquipmentVéhicule blindé de combat d'infanterie
Battles and WarsWorld War I
World War II
Indochina War
Algerian War
Siege of Sevastopol (1854–1855)
Battle of Turbigo
Battle of the Somme
Battle of Verdun
DecorationsLégion d'honneur
Croix de guerre 1914-1918
Gold Medal of the City of Milan
Insignia
Regimental banner

The 1st Tirailleur Regiment (French: 1er régiment de tirailleurs, 1er RTir) is a mechanized infantry unit of the French Army, created in 1994 under the command of the 7th Armoured Brigade. It is mainly composed of active soldiers but also reservists, deployed both overseas and in internal security tasks such as Operation Vigipirate.[1][2] It is currently only tirailleur regiment in the French army.

History

It was formed on 1 May 1994 from the 170th infantry regiment. The ceremony was held in Golbey, in the presence of the heirs of the Army of Africa, legionnaires, Spahis, Zouaves and the 170th Infantry Regiment, who kept the flag of the 7th Algerian Tirailleurs Regiment, became the 1er Régiment de Tirailleurs. It is officially recreated under the command of Colonel Jean-Guy Gendras and in the presence of François Léotard, the French Minister of Defence. It was created in tribute to North African Tirailleurs who took part in all the battles of France on the occasion of the golden jubilee of the Liberation of France.[3] The regiment formerly was stationed at the Haxo Golbey neighborhood and the neighborhood Varaigne in Epinal. Since 2005, the entire regiment has been grouped in Varaigne neighborhood abandoning Haxo.[4]

Traditions

Regimental Nouba

The band at a Victory in Europe Day ceremony in Strasbourg, 8 May 2013.
The band at a Victory in Europe Day ceremony in Strasbourg, 8 May 2013.

The regimental military band of the regiment is known as the "Nouba". The traditional uniform is generally derived from those in use in the 19th century. The earliest evidence of music in these African regiments dates back to the centenary of Algeria in 1860, and the painter Edouard Detaille in 1884 represented the nouba of the 2nd Infantry. The band, which is a small size ensemble, has had a turkish crescent used for ceremonial dutues since the end of the First World War.[5]

Mascot

Around 1930, some regiments most often had a mascot, a bighorn sheep or a ram. The mascot of the 1st Regiment is called Messaoud, which in Arabic means "fortune".[5]

Uniform

Soldiers of the 1st Tirailleur Regiment displaying late 19th- to early 20th-century uniforms for Bastille Day festivities in Strasbourg.
Soldiers of the 1st Tirailleur Regiment displaying late 19th- to early 20th-century uniforms for Bastille Day festivities in Strasbourg.

A characteristic of La Nouba is its oriental dress, which recalls the uniform of the old Algerian tirailleurs created around 1840. The origin of these troops goes back to the Arab and Turkish units formed by the French after the Invasion of Algiers in 1830, with volunteers, contingents provided by different local chiefs, or with organized troops from the various beys defeated by the French.[5]

This uniform consists of baggy pants called "saroual", which sky blue or white depending on the season, tightened at the waist by a wide red woolen belt. Its function was to keep the abdomen of soldiers and non-commissioned officers warm to prevent them from suffering from intestinal ailments. The short, blue jacket, with yellow facings drawing beautiful scrolls, is worn over a sleeveless vest: the "sedria". On the head, the skirmishers wear the "chèche", that is to say a strip of white rolled up fabric, or the "chéchia" in crimson felt with a pompom with sky blue fringes. Only this regiment is authorized to wear the golden half-moon on a clear sky-blue background, crowned with three chevrons of the African arm.[5]

Commanders

See also

References

  1. ^ Des réservistes du 1erRTir préparés et mobilisés sur [1]
  2. ^ Projection au Burkina Faso sur [2]
  3. ^ Le 1erRTir, Régiment de tradition à la pointe de la modernité. sur [3]
  4. ^ "LA VIEILLE CASERNE OUBLIEE" : LE QUARTIER HAXO A GOLBEY, CONQUIS PAR LA NATURE DEPUIS PLUS DE 13 ANS. 16/09 2018. sur le blog Les feuilles de Pierre Cuny (consulté le 22 août 2019).
  5. ^ a b c d "Nouba du 1er Régiment de Tirailleurs". Forum Militaire.
  6. ^ Rédaction, La (June 15, 2019). "Un nouveau Caïd pour le 1er RTir d'Epinal !".