2001 Albanian parliamentary election
Albania
← 1997 24 June 2001 (first round)
8 July 2001 (second round)
2005 →

All 140 seats in the Parliament of Albania
71 seats needed for a majority
Party Leader % Seats +/–
PS Fatos Nano 41.44 73 -28
BF Sali Berisha 36.89 46 +20
PDR Genc Pollo 5.09 6 New
PSD Skënder Gjinushi 3.65 4 -5
PBDNJ Vangjel Dule 2.60 3 -1
AD Neritan Ceka 2.56 3 +3
PAA Lufter Xhuveli 2.56 3 +3
Independent 2 -11
This lists parties that won seats. See the complete results below.
Prime Minister before Elected Prime Minister
Ilir Meta
PS
Ilir Meta
PS

Parliamentary elections were held in Albania on 24 June 2001.[1] The result was a victory for the ruling Socialist Party of Albania, which won 73 of the 140 seats, resulting in Ilir Meta remaining Prime Minister. Voter turnout was 53.6%.[2]

Electoral system

The Assembly of Albania has 140 members of whom 100 are elected by plurality vote in single-member constituencies and 40 members are elected through a party-list proportional representation system.[3]

Campaign

President Rexhep Meidani announced on 18 April 2001 that the first round of the elections would be held on 24 June, with the second round on 8 July.[4] The governing Socialist Party had the aim of gaining 60% of the vote, in order to have a sufficient majority to elect a new President in 2002. They campaigned on infrastructure improvements such as communication and transport and on their record in restoring order and economic growth.[5] They were also boosted by achieving the opening of negotiations with the European Union on a Stabilisation and Association Agreement just before the election.[6]

The main opposition party, the Democratic Party of Albania led by ex-President Sali Berisha, had moderated their message after losing the 2000 local elections. They formed a coalition of right wing parties, the Union for Victory Coalition, and said that they were open to dealing with other parties if they won the election.[6] They hoped to make gains due to public concern over corruption and the continuing poverty in Albania.[5]

The campaign was generally peaceful and with no reliable opinion polls most observers expected the ruling Socialists to be re-elected with a smaller majority.[7]

Voting

First round

Both main parties initially claimed victory after the first round on the 24 June in which turnout reached about 60%. The governing Socialist party claimed that they won 45 of the 100 seats.[8] Monitors from the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) described the election as having made progress towards international democratic standards.[5] However the opposition Democratic party claimed there was widespread intimidation and electoral fraud.[8] Procedural differences led to polling stations being kept closed in Lushnje leading to voting having to be delayed for about 30,000 people.[9] The results of the first round showed that the Socialists won 33 seats as against 17 won by the Democrats.[10]

Second round

A run-off vote to decide the winner in 51 districts where no candidate won over half the vote in the first round was held on 8 July. Another 40 seats were decided in proportion to the share of the vote each party won.[11]

Results

PartyVotes%Seats
ConstituencyCompensatoryTotal+/–
Socialist Party of Albania555,27242.2773073–28
Union for Victory Coalition494,27237.63252146+21
New Democratic Party68,1815.19066New
Social Democratic Party of Albania48,9113.72044–5
Unity for Human Rights Party34,8972.66033–1
Democratic Alliance Party34,2622.61033+3
Environmentalist Agrarian Party34,2472.61033+3
Democratic Party of Albania13,8671.06000
Demochristian Party of Albania12,2260.93000–2
Social Christian Party of Albania9,2240.70000New
Albanian Democratic Union Party8,1230.62000New
Independents202–11
Total1,313,482100.0010040140–15
Valid votes1,290,67796.32
Invalid/blank votes49,3103.68
Total votes1,339,987100.00
Registered voters/turnout2,499,23853.62
Source: Nohlen & Stöver,[a] Adam Carr
  1. ^ The data is inconsistent and there is a difference of 22,805 between the parties' total and the number of valid votes.[2]

Aftermath

The constitutional court ruled that voting had to be repeated in eight districts on 22 July and a further two on 29 July.[12] International observers described the elections as a whole as having been free and fair.[13] However the opposition Democrats said they would not accept the results. They described the election as a farce and started a boycott of Parliament.[13] The boycott lasted for six months until January 2002 when Sali Berisha announced that his party was returning to Parliament.[14]

References

  1. ^ Dieter Nohlen & Philip Stöver (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p133 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
  2. ^ a b Nohlen & Stöver p140
  3. ^ "Election Guide". IFES.
  4. ^ "News from Albania". Central Europe Review. 2001-04-23. Retrieved 2008-07-27.
  5. ^ a b c "Socialists claim Albania poll victory". BBC Online. 2001-06-25. Retrieved 2008-07-30.
  6. ^ a b "PARLIAMENTARY ELECTIONS IN ALBANIA: A MISSION POSSIBLE?!". Alternative Information Network. 2001-06-21. Retrieved 2008-07-27.
  7. ^ "Albania goes to the polls". BBC Online. 2001-06-24. Retrieved 2008-07-30.
  8. ^ a b Wood, Nicholas (2001-06-26). "Albanian opposition alleges election fraud". guardian.co.uk. London. Retrieved 2008-07-30.
  9. ^ "Violence Mars Albania Vote for Parliament". The New York Times. 2001-06-25. Retrieved 2008-07-30.
  10. ^ "Albania urged to accept vote result". BBC Online. 2001-07-08. Retrieved 2008-07-30.
  11. ^ "Albanian opposition condemns 'ballot fixing'". BBC Online. 2001-07-08. Retrieved 2008-07-30.
  12. ^ "Electoral Marathon". Transitions Online. 2001-07-23. Archived from the original on 2005-08-24. Retrieved 2008-07-30.
  13. ^ a b "Albanian opposition attacks election ' farce'". BBC Online. 2001-07-30. Retrieved 2008-07-30.
  14. ^ "As Split of Albania Socialists Worsens, Prime Minister Quits". The New York Times. 2002-01-30. Retrieved 2008-07-30.