2004 Guinea-Bissau parliamentary election
← 1999 28 March 2004 2008 →
Party Leader % Seats +/–
PAIGC Carlos Gomes Júnior 33.88 45 +24
PRS Kumba Ialá 26.50 35 −3
PUSD Francisco Fadul 17.60 17 New
UE Joaquim Baldé 8.47 2 New
APU Fernando Gomes 1.36 1 New
This lists parties that won seats. See the complete results below.
Results by constituency.
Prime Minister before Prime Minister after
Artur Sanhá
Carlos Gomes Júnior

Parliamentary elections were held in Guinea-Bissau on 28 March 2004 after repeated postponements caused by political and financial chaos in the country, including a coup d'état that overthrew President Kumba Ialá in September 2003. The former ruling party, the African Party for the Independence of Guinea and Cape Verde (PAIGC), won the largest number of seats, but did not obtain a majority. Former President Yala's party, the Party for Social Renewal (PRS), came second with 35 seats.

The PAIGC reached an agreement with the PRS for its parliamentary support (a previous attempt at reaching a deal with the United Social Democratic Party, which won 17 seats, failed), and in May 2004 the new parliament was sworn in, with PAIGC leader Carlos Gomes Júnior becoming Prime Minister.[1][2]


Although voting reportedly took place on time in the interior of Guinea-Bissau, it was delayed in much of the capital Bissau, as electoral materials were delivered late to many polling stations. The National Electoral Commission ordered the polling stations that opened late to remain open past the scheduled end of voting to ensure that everyone would have a chance to vote. About a third of polling stations in Bissau reportedly never opened on the day of the election, and these stations were ordered to open on the following day, March 29.[3]

Over 100 international observers were present for the election. The United Nations, the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), the Community of Portuguese Language Countries, and La Francophonie sent observers, as did Portugal, Russia and the United States.[3]


African Party for the Independence of Guinea and Cape Verde145,31633.8845+21
Party for Social Renewal113,65626.5035–3
United Social Democratic Party75,48517.6017New
United Platform20,7004.830
Electoral Union18,3544.282
Democratic Socialist Party8,7892.050New
Union for Change8,6212.010–3
Resistance of Guinea-Bissau-Bafatá Movement7,9181.850–28
National Unity Party6,2601.460New
United People's Alliance5,8171.361New
National Union for Democracy and Progress5,0421.180–1
Guinean Civic Forum–Social Democracy4,2090.9800
Guinean Democratic Movement4,2020.980New
Manifest Party of the People3,4020.790New
Socialist Party1,1660.270New
Valid votes428,93793.20
Invalid/blank votes31,3176.80
Total votes460,254100.00
Registered voters/turnout603,63976.25
Source: African Elections Database