Games of the II Youth Olympiad
Host cityNanjing, China
MottoShare the Games, Share our dreams
(Chinese: 分享青春, 共筑未来; pinyin: Fēnxiǎng qīngchūn, gòng zhù wèilái; lit. 'Share our youth', 'build our future together')
Events222 in 28 sports
Opening16 August
Closing28 August
Opened by
StadiumNanjing Olympic Sports Centre

The 2014 Summer Youth Olympics (Chinese: 2014年夏季青年奧林匹克运动会; pinyin: Èr líng yī sì Nián Xiàjì Qīngnián Àolínpǐkè Yùndònghuì), officially known as the II Summer Youth Olympic Games Chinese: 第二届夏季青年奧林匹克运动会; pinyin: Dì'èrjiè Xiàjì Qīngnián Àolínpǐkè Yùndònghuì, and commonly known as Nanjing 2014 (Chinese: 南京2014; pinyin: Nánjīng Èr Líng yī sì), were the second Summer Youth Olympic Games, an international sports, education and cultural festival for teenagers, held from 16 to 28 August 2014 in Nanjing, China. These were the first Youth Olympic Games held in China, making it the first country to host both regular and Youth Olympics following the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing.

Bidding process

Main article: Bids for the 2014 Summer Youth Olympics

The International Olympic Committee established the Youth Olympic Games in July 2007.[2] The 2014 host city was elected on 10 February 2010, during the 2010 IOC Session in Vancouver. This was the first election of a Youth Olympic Games host city held in an IOC Session. The elections for the host cities of the 2010 Summer Youth Olympics and 2012 Winter Youth Olympics were done through postal votes by IOC members.

2014 Summer Youth Olympics bidding results
City Nation Votes
Nanjing  China 47
Poznań  Poland 42


All of the venues are located in four zones within Nanjing.[6] All venues with the exception of the cycling road, sailing, and triathlon venues, were temporary.[7]

The Nanjing Olympic Sports Center hosted the opening and closing ceremonies.

District Venue Image Sports Capacity
Gulou Longjiang Gymnasium Judo, Wrestling
Wutaishan Sports Center Basketball, Football, Table tennis
Jiangning Fangshan Sports Training Base Archery, Shooting
Jiangning Sports Center Football, Handball
Jinniu Lake Sailing Venue Sailing
Jianye Nanjing International Expo Center Boxing, Fencing, Modern Pentathlon, Taekwondo, Weightlifting
Nanjing Olympic Sports Center Aquatics, Athletics, Gymnastics, Modern Pentathlon 60,000
Pukou Laoshan National Forest Park Cycling
Youth Olympic Sports Park Beach Volleyball, Cycling, Field Hockey, Rugby Sevens
Xuanwu Nanjing Sport Institute Badminton, Tennis
Xinzhuang Equestrian Venue, generally known as the Nanjing International Exhibition Center Equestrian
Xuanwu Lake Park Triathlon
Xuanwu Lake Rowing-Canoeing Venue Canoeing, Rowing
Zhongshan International Golf Club Golf

Torch relay

Main article: 2014 Summer Youth Olympics torch relay

The Youth Olympic torch was designed by the Vatti Corporation Ltd. The torch is known as the "Gate of Happiness." A structure resembling a city gate is found on the top part of the torch and the blue color of the torch represents the peaceful tranquility of Nanjing. The Yangtze which flows next to Nanjing is presented as stripes found on the handle of the torch. It is said that the torch is capable of resisting wind speeds of 11 m/s, rainfall of 50mm/h, altitude of up to 4500m and a temperature range of -15˚C to 45˚C.[8]

Following Olympic tradition the torch lighting ceremony was held on 30 April 2014 in Athens, Greece at the Panathenaic Stadium where the first Olympic Games were held. Four young athletes from Greece and China competed in a mini-relay.

The torch relay was divided into two parts. The first part was a digital relay where people who downloaded an app were able to participate in the relay through an interactive option called "Give Me Fire." When using this feature users were able to pass the Youth Olympic flame to their friends by touching their devices together. The relay visited 258 different online locations from the 204 participating NOCs over a 98-day period.[9]

After the digital relay the relay began its physical portion in Nanjing where a 10-day relay was held.[10] 104 torch bearers carried the torch singularly or in pairs over 100 legs. Torch bearers were primarily focused on youth and included individuals from sport, culture, media, volunteers and the International Olympic Committee. Notable torch bearers included two time badminton Olympian gold medalist Lin Dan, 2008 Olympic fencing gold medalist Zhong Man, director Chen Weiya and composer Bian Liunian.[11]


222 events, there will be 13 mixed team events (Mixed-NOCs), 4 mixed team events (NOCs), 1 open event (Equestrian), 109 men's events, and 95 women's events. This is a tentative list of the sports program taken from the general presentation of the 2nd Summer Youth Olympic Games in 2014.[12] Golf and Rugby sevens will be contested for the first time. Beach volleyball will replace indoor volleyball and other format changes to sports like field hockey which introduced a five a side format. New events have also been introduced in some of the sports including a shooting mixed gender event among others.[13]

Demonstration sports

These were the demonstration sports in the games:[14]

Medal table

Main article: 2014 Summer Youth Olympics medal table

The NYOGOC did not keep an official medal tally. The ranking in this table is based on information provided by the IOC and is consistent with IOC convention in its published medal tables. For the full medal table, refer to the main article.

Medals won by teams with athletes from more than one National Olympic Committee are included in the table as medals awarded to a mixed-NOCs team. There were eight events which composed entirely of mixed-NOCs teams, and as such all 25 medals in these events, including two bronzes in judo, were swept by mixed-NOCs teams. The remaining medals were won in events which combined mixed-NOCs teams and teams representing one NOC. The mixed-NOCs listing is not given a ranking.

Alongside the mixed-NOCs teams, the top ten ranked NOCs are listed below. China (highlighted), as host nation, is also included in the table.

  *   Host nation (China)

1 China*38131465
2 Russia27191157
3 United States105722
4 France83920
5 Japan79521
6 Ukraine78823
7 Italy78621
8 Hungary661123
9 Brazil66113
10 Azerbaijan56112
Totals (87 entries)224220240684
Source: IOC


All dates are BJT (UTC+8)

222 events are expected to be held over the 2014 Youth Olympics. The schedule will be finalized as the event becomes closer.[15]

 ●  Opening ceremony  ●  Event competitions  ●  Event finals  ●  Closing ceremony
August 14th
Aquatics (Diving) 1 1 1 1 1 5
Aquatics (Swimming) 3 8 5 7 4 9 36
Archery 1 1 1 3
Athletics 13 12 11 1 37
Badminton 3 3
Basketball 2 2 4
Beach volleyball 1 1 2
Boxing 3 10 13
Canoeing 4 4 8
Cycling 2 1 3
Equestrian 1 1 2
Fencing 2 2 2 1 7
Field hockey 1 1 2
Football 1 1 2
Golf 2 1 3
Gymnastics 1 1 1 1 5 5 2 16
Handball 2 2
Judo 3 3 2 1 9
Modern pentathlon 1 1 1 3
Rowing 4 4
Rugby sevens 2 2
Sailing 4 4
Shooting 1 1 1 1 1 1 6
Table tennis 2 1 3
Taekwondo 2 2 2 2 2 10
Tennis 2 3 5
Triathlon 1 1 1 3
Weightlifting 2 2 2 2 2 1 11
Wrestling 5 4 5 14
Total gold medals 14 19 15 21 16 18 28 29 20 17 25 222
Cumulative gold medals 14 33 48 69 85 103 131 160 180 197 222
August 14th

Participating nations

203 out of the 204 National Olympic Committees recognized at that time sent delegates to Nanjing. Among them, both Sierra Leone and Nigeria were planning to participate, but on 13 August 2014 both nations pulled out due to pressure from Chinese Authorities in an attempt to prevent Ebola from West Africa from entering their nation.[16] On 15 August 2014 Liberia also withdrew along with two athletes from Guinea being barred by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) due to fears that the nature of their sports (judo and swimming) could pose a risk to other athletes.[17] An athlete from South Sudan competed under the Olympic flag as they did not have a National Olympic Committee.[18] The ten nations with the most athletes are China (with 123), Brazil (with 97), United States (with 92), Australia (with 89), Russia (with 88), Germany (with 85), Egypt (with 83), France (with 82), Japan (with 78), and Mexico (with 78).

Participating National Olympic Committees

Cultural and education program

Youth Olympic Games incorporate a Cultural and Education Program, featuring a variety of cultural and educational activities for young people. Youth Olympics include educational experience based on Olympic values that promote healthy lifestyles and allow young athletes to become well-rounded people with "true sporting spirits."[2] Well-known athletes and "international specialists" guide the young participants. The program combines "Olympic traditions (such as the torch relay) with diverse cultures to spread the Olympic spirit."[2]

Athlete role models

On 17 March 2014 37 athletes from the 28 Olympic sports were chosen by the IOC to be role models at the 2014 Youth Olympics. The athletes will offer support, mentor and advice to the participating youth Olympians. As an athlete role model they will take part in activities and workshops on healthy lifestyles, social responsibility and Olympism. They will also take part in informal chats known as "chat with champions."[19][20] On 9 April 2014 and 22 April 2014 footballer Simone Farina and swimmer Patrick Murphy were appointed as the 38th and 39th Athlete Role Model respectively.[21][22]

Young ambassadors

A total of 104 people were selected by their National Olympic Committee to be young ambassadors. Young Ambassadors are aged between 18 and 25 and are athletes, coaches, students or young professionals that demonstrate the Olympic values and inspire and empower young people to do the same.[23]

The main roles of the Young Ambassadors is to promote the Youth Olympics in their nations and to encourage athletes of their nations to get the most out of the Youth Olympic experience by encouraging them to interact with people from different sports and cultures and to take part in activities and workshops.[24]

A seminar has held from 25 to 28 March 2014 in order to prepare the ambassadors for the Youth Olympics by teaching them about the cultures and activities Nanjing has to offer.[25]


Isolation of Nigerian athletes in the Games

Following the 2014 West Africa Ebola outbreak, Chinese officials quarantined and isolated all Nigerian athletes from all sporting facilities despite all testing negative to Ebola before the games. The Nigerian Olympic committee reacted to the discrimination by withdrawing all its athletes from the games.[26][27][28]


One unnamed taekwondo athlete had been disqualified from competing at the Youth Olympics after testing positive for the banned diuretic furosemide. The information was released on 5 November 2014.[29]

See also


  1. ^ IOC records state Xi Jinping opened the Nanjing Games as "President", de jure head of state. Though Xi Jinping was also de facto ruler as General Secretary of the Chinese Communist Party, that title is not reflected in IOC records.


  1. ^ "Factsheet – Opening Ceremony of the Games of the Olympiad" (PDF) (Press release). International Olympic Committee. 9 October 2014. Archived (PDF) from the original on 14 August 2016. Retrieved 22 December 2018.
  2. ^ a b c "Nanjing 2014 World Youth Olympics". Olympic Council of Ireland. 28 August 2012. Archived from the original on 22 September 2016. Retrieved 13 February 2014. The Youth Olympic Games (YOG) is an international multi-sport event held every four years. The event will follow the existing Olympic format of staggered summer and winter games. The idea for such an event was introduced by International Olympic Committee (IOC) president Jacques Rogge in 2001. On 5 July 2007, IOC members at the 119th IOC session in Guatemala City approved the creation of a youth version of the Olympic Games.
  3. ^ "IOC Extends Deadline For 2014 Youth Games Applications". Archived from the original on 8 October 2012. Retrieved 14 February 2014.
  4. ^ "Bidding Process For 2014 Summer Youth Games Begins". Archived from the original on 8 October 2012. Retrieved 14 February 2014.
  5. ^ (体坛热点)青春南京——南京青奥会会徽解读 (in Chinese). May 2011. Archived from the original on 24 May 2013. Retrieved 14 February 2014.
  6. ^ "2014 Nanjing YOG: Venues". 28 March 2014. Retrieved 28 March 2014.
  7. ^ Report Of The IOC Evaluation Commission For The 2nd Summer YOG in 2014 Archived 24 February 2012 at the Wayback Machine from
  8. ^ "A Brief Introduction of the YOG Torch". 19 April 2014. Retrieved 30 April 2014.
  9. ^ "Youth Olympic Flame Lighting Ceremony Kicks Off Nanjing 2014 Torch Relay". 30 April 2014. Retrieved 30 April 2014.
  10. ^ "Youth Olympic flame burns brightly for Nanjing 2014". IOC. 30 April 2014. Retrieved 30 April 2014.
  11. ^ "List of 104 Torchbearers for Physical Relay Announced". 6 August 2014. Retrieved 6 August 2014.
  12. ^ "2014 Summer Youth Olympic Games Brochure" (PDF). Retrieved 4 May 2010.
  13. ^ "Nanjing 2014 Youth Olympic Games- Sports Program and Summary of Qualification Systems" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 9 February 2014. Retrieved 14 February 2014.
  14. ^ "Nanjing 2014 Sports lab opens its doors". International Olympic Committee. 19 August 2014. Retrieved 20 August 2014.
  15. ^ "Competition Schedule". 29 March 2014. Retrieved 29 March 2014.
  16. ^ "Ebola crisis forces Nigeria and Sierra Leone out of Nanjing 2014". 13 August 2014. Retrieved 13 August 2014.
  17. ^ "Liberia withdraw and three athletes barred from competing as Nanjing 2014 Ebola fear rises". 15 August 2014. Retrieved 15 August 2014.
  18. ^ "South Sudanese athlete to compete at Nanjing 2014 under Olympic flag". 8 July 2014. Retrieved 9 July 2014.
  19. ^ "Nanjing 2014 Athlete Role Models unveiled". 17 March 2014. Retrieved 28 March 2014.
  20. ^ "2014 Athlete Role Models List" (PDF). IOC. 17 March 2014. Retrieved 28 March 2014.
  21. ^ "Farina appointed to Youth Olympic Games role". IOC. 9 April 2014. Retrieved 26 April 2014.
  22. ^ "Patrick Murphy to make a splash at the Youth Olympic Games". IOC. 22 April 2014. Retrieved 30 April 2014.
  23. ^ "Young Ambassadors – Nanjing 2014 Youth Olympic Games" (PDF). IOC. 1 February 2014. Retrieved 28 March 2014.
  24. ^ "IOC announces impressive list of inspiring Young Ambassadors for Nanjing 2014 Youth Olympic Games". 1 February 2014. Retrieved 28 March 2014.
  25. ^ "104 Young Ambassadors Have Arrived!". 25 March 2014. Retrieved 28 March 2014.
  26. ^ Tony Ubani (13 August 2014). "Ebola: China quarantines Nigerian athletes at Youth Olympics". Vanguard Nigeria. Retrieved 18 August 2014.
  27. ^ "Ebola: Nigeria Withdraw Athletes From Youth Olympic Games". Information Nigeria. 14 August 2014. Retrieved 18 August 2014.
  28. ^ "African nations pull out of Youth Olympics in Ebola controversy". Los Angeles Times. 15 August 2014. Retrieved 18 August 2014.
  29. ^ "IOC disqualifies athlete for violating anti doping rules at the summer Youth Olympic Games". IOC. Retrieved 5 November 2014.
Preceded bySingapore Summer Youth Olympic Games Nanjing II Youth Olympiad (2014) Succeeded byBuenos Aires