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K League Challenge 2016
Season2016
ChampionsAnsan Mugunghwa
(1st title)
PromotedDaegu FC
Gangwon FC
Matches played220
Goals scored528 (2.4 per match)
Top goalscorerKim Dong-chan
(20 goals)
Biggest home winGyeongnam 7–0 Goyang (33R) & Chungju 8–1 Ansan (41R)
Biggest away winChungju 0–4 Busan (22R) & Goyang 0–4 Ansan (36R) & Ansan 0–4 Gangwon (43R)
Highest scoringChungju 8–1 Ansan (41R)
Highest attendance23,015
Daegu v Gyeongnam
(10 April)
Lowest attendance124
Goyang v Gyeongnam
(16 October)
Average attendance1,506
2015
2017

The 2016 K League Challenge was the fourth season of the K League Challenge, the second tier South Korean professional league for association football clubs since its establishment in 2013. Top-ranked team (excluding Ansan Mugunghwa) gained promotion to the K League Classic and the promotion play-offs among three clubs ranked between 2nd and 4th place was held after the regular season ends.

Teams

Sangju Sangmu FC, the champions of the 2015 K League Challenge, and Suwon FC, promotion series winners, were promoted to the 2016 K League Classic, then Daejeon Citizen and Busan IPark were relegated from the top tier. A total of eleven teams contested in the league.

Participating clubs

Team City Manager Home venue Capacity
Ansan Mugunghwa Ansan South Korea Lee Heung-sil Ansan Wa~ Stadium 35,000
Busan IPark Busan South Korea Choi Young-jun Busan Asiad Stadium 53,864
FC Anyang Anyang South Korea Lee Young-min Anyang Stadium 18,216
Bucheon FC 1995 Bucheon South Korea Song Sun-ho Bucheon Stadium 34,545
Chungju Hummel Chungju South Korea Ahn Seung-in Chungju Stadium 15,000
Daegu FC Daegu South Korea Lee Young-jin Daegu Stadium 68,014
Daejeon Citizen Daejeon South Korea Choi Moon-sik Daejeon World Cup Stadium 40,535
Gangwon FC Gangneung South Korea Choi Yun-kyum Gangneung Stadium 22,333
Goyang Zaicro Goyang South Korea Lee Nak-young Goyang Stadium 41,311
Gyeongnam FC Changwon South Korea Kim Jong-boo Changwon Football Center 15,116
Seoul E-Land Seoul Scotland Martin Rennie Seoul Olympic Stadium 69,950

Stadiums

Primary venues used in the K League Challenge:

Ansan Mugunghwa FC Anyang Bucheon FC 1995 Busan IPark Chungju Hummel Daegu FC
Ansan Wa~ Stadium Anyang Stadium Bucheon Stadium Busan Asiad Main Stadium Chungju Stadium Daegu Stadium
Capacity: 35,000 Capacity: 17,143 Capacity: 34,545 Capacity: 53,864 Capacity: 15,000 Capacity: 68,014
Daejeon Citizen Gangwon FC Goyang Zaicro Gyeongnam FC Seoul E-Land
Daejeon World Cup Stadium Gangneung Stadium Goyang Stadium Changwon Football Center Seoul Olympic Stadium
Capacity: 40,535 Capacity: 22,333 Capacity: 41,311 Capacity: 15,500 Capacity: 69,950

Personnel and kits

Note: Flags indicate national team as has been defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

Team Managers Kit Manufacturer1 Main sponsor1
Ansan Mugunghwa Zaicro Ansan Government
FC Anyang Astore
Bucheon FC 1995 Astore Bucheon Government
Busan IPark Adidas Hyundai Development Company
Chungju Hummel Hummel Chungju Government
Daegu FC Kelme Daegu Government
Daejeon Citizen Kelme Daejeon Government
Gyeongnam FC Hummel DSME
Gangwon FC Astore High1 Resort
Goyang Zaicro Zaicro Zaicro
Seoul E-Land New Balance E-Land

Foreign players

Restricting the number of foreign players strictly to four per team, including a slot for a player from AFC countries. A team could use four foreign players on the field each game.

As of 1 August 2016.

Club Player 1 Player 2 Player 3 Asian Player
FC Anyang Brazil Bruninho
Bucheon FC 1995 Brazil Edson Paraíba Brazil Lukian Brazil Waguininho
Busan IPark Brazil Nilson Júnior Brazil Willian Popp Serbia Miloš Stojanović
Chungju Hummel Ivory Coast Aubin Kouakou Brazil Malcon Brazil Rafael Ratão
Daegu FC Brazil Alex Brazil Cesinha Brazil Paulo Sérgio State of PalestineBrazil Éder1
Daejeon Citizen Brazil Gustavo Romania Jean-Claude Bozga
Gyeongnam FC Croatia Ivan Herceg Romania Cristian Dănălache Serbia Ivan Marković
Gangwon FC Brazil Maranhão Brazil Matheus Alves Brazil Luiz Henrique SyriaBrazil Serginho
Goyang Zaicro Brazil Felipe Brazil Paulo Victor
Seoul E-Land Brazil Tarabai Trinidad and Tobago Carlyle Mitchell

League table

Pos Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Qualification
1 Ansan Mugunghwa  (C) 40 21 7 12 57 55 +2 70
2 Daegu FC (P) 40 19 13 8 53 36 +17 70 Promotion to 2017 K League Classic
3 Bucheon FC 1995 40 19 10 11 49 33 +16 67 Qualification to K League Challenge play-offs
4 Gangwon FC (O, P) 40 19 9 12 50 33 +17 66
5 Busan IPark 40 19 7 14 52 39 +13 64
6 Seoul E-Land 40 17 13 10 47 35 +12 64
7 Daejeon Citizen 40 15 10 15 56 52 +4 55
8 Gyeongnam FC[a] 40 18 6 16 61 58 +3 50
9 FC Anyang 40 11 13 16 40 53 −13 46
10 Chungju Hummel 40 7 8 25 42 62 −20 29 Club exit from K League Challenge and folded
11 Goyang Zaicro  40 2 10 28 21 72 −51 16
Source: K League
Rules for classification: 1) Points; 2) Goals scored; 3) Goal difference; 4) Number of wins; 5) Head-to-head points
(C) Champion; (O) Play-off winner; (P) Promoted
Notes:
  1. ^ Gyeongnam FC were deducted 10 points due to bribery scandal.

Positions by matchday

  Leader & Promotion to the 2017 K League Classic
  Qualification to Relegation/promotion play-offs

Round 1-22

Team ╲ Round12345678910111213141516171819202122
Ansan Police1112111111112211211111
Gangwon FC9964332223421122123322
Daegu FC2443443332233333444443
Bucheon FC 19957677554444344444332234
Seoul E-Land3221225555567555675655
FC Anyang3356778888888676566776
Daejeon Citizen101010101097777776887757567
Busan IPark8535666666655768888888
Gyeongnam FC11111111111111111111111111111111101010999
Chungju Hummel378888910101010109999999101010
Goyang Zaicro 3799910109999910101010111111111111
Source: kleague.com

Round 23-44

Team ╲ Round23242526272829303132333435363738394041424344
Ansan Police1111111111111111111111
Daegu FC3323324433343334232222
Bucheon FC 19954444443222222223343353
Gangwon FC2232232344434442424434
Busan IPark8999989977865555555545
Seoul E-Land5556577788787777666666
Daejeon Citizen6677655555556666777777
Gyeongnam FC9888898899999998888888
FC Anyang7765766666678889999999
Chungju Hummel10101010101010101010101010101010101010101010
Goyang Zaicro 11111111111111111111111111111111111111111111
Source: kleague.com

Results

Matches 1-22

Home \ Away ASM ANY BUC BIP CJH DGU DJC GWN GHI GNM SEL
Ansan Police 2–1 0–0 1–1 2–1 0–2 2–1 3–1 1–0 5–0 1–0
FC Anyang 1–0 0–1 1–0 2–1 3–2 2–2 0–2 1–1 1–0 2–1
Bucheon FC 1995 3–1 1–1 1–1 0–1 0–0 3–1 3–1 1–0 1–0 0–1
Busan IPark 1–3 3–1 0–2 2–1 1–4 0–0 0–0 2–0 1–1 1–2
Chungju Hummel 1–2 1–0 0–1 0–4 0–1 1–1 1–2 2–3 1–3 3–1
Daegu FC 1–2 1–1 1–1 1–0 2–1 2–1 0–0 2–2 0–0 0–0
Daejeon Citizen 0–1 1–1 2–0 2–1 3–1 0–2 0–1 0–0 3–1 2–1
Gangwon FC 2–0 4–1 0–2 0–1 2–0 1–0 1–0 4–0 0–0 2–1
Goyang Hi FC 0–0 0–0 0–0 0–1 2–4 1–3 0–1 0–1 1–2 0–3
Gyeongnam FC 0–1 2–0 0–2 3–2 2–1 2–1 4–4 1–0 2–1 0–1
Seoul E-Land 0–0 0–0 2–1 1–0 0–0 1–1 2–0 1–1 1–1 2–1
Updated to match(es) played on 20 August 2016. Source: K League
Legend: Blue = home team win; Yellow = draw; Red = away team win.

Matches 23-44

Home \ Away ASM ANY BUC BIP CJH DGU DJC GWN GHI GNM SEL
Ansan Police 2–2 2–3 0–2 1–1 4–1 1–0 0–4 2–1 2–0 2–0
FC Anyang 2–3 2–2 0–1 0–0 0–1 1–0 0–0 3–2 1–2 3–1
Bucheon FC 1995 0–2 1–0 1–0 2–3 2–3 2–0 0–1 4–1 1–2 0–2
Busan IPark 4–0 2–0 2–1 0–0 0–2 3–0 2–1 2–0 2–3 1–1
Chungju Hummel 8–1 0–1 0–1 0–1 0–3 1–2 2–2 0–0 3–2 0–1
Daegu FC 2–2 1–1 0–0 0–1 1–0 1–0 1–3 1–0 1–2 0–1
Daejeon Citizen 5–0 3–2 0–0 2–1 2–2 1–1 1–0 3–0 3–1 2–3
Gangwon FC 1–0 3–0 0–1 1–2 2–1 1–1 1–2 0–0 1–1 1–0
Goyang Hi FC 0–4 0–1 0–3 0–1 1–0 0–1 1–2 0–1 2–3 0–2
Gyeongnam FC 1–2 2–0 0–1 1–3 2–0 1–2 4–3 2–0 7–0 1–1
Seoul E-Land 2–0 2–2 1–1 2–0 2–0 0–2 1–1 1–2 1–1 2–0
Updated to match(es) played on 30 October 2016. Source: K League
Legend: Blue = home team win; Yellow = draw; Red = away team win.

Promotion-Relegation Playoffs

Promotion and relegation playoffs will be held between 3rd~5th clubs of 2016 K League Challenge and 11th club of 2016 K League Classic. If scores are tied after regular time at Semi-Playoff and Playoff, the higher placed team advances to the next phase. The same conditions do not apply to Promotion-Relegation Playoffs.

  Semi-Playoff Playoff Relegation/Promotion Playoffs
                               
    1 Seongnam 0 1
    2 Bucheon 1     4 Gangwon (a) 0 1
  3 Gangwon 1     4 Gangwon 2  
  4 Busan 0  

Semi-Playoff

Gangwon FC1–0Busan IPark
Matheus Goal 89' Report
Gangneung Stadium, Gangneung
Attendance: 925
Referee: Ko Hyung-jin

Playoff

Bucheon FC 19951–2Gangwon FC
Han Hee-hoon Goal 50' Report Jung Seung-yong Goal 17'
Maranhão Goal 90+3'
Bucheon Stadium, Bucheon
Attendance: 3,121
Referee: Mae Ho-young

Promotion-Relegation Playoffs

First leg

Gangwon FC0–0Seongnam FC
Report
Gangneung Stadium, Gangneung
Attendance: 3,039
Referee: Kim Hee-gon

Second leg

Seongnam FC1–1Gangwon FC
Hwang Jin-sung Goal 77' Han Seok-jong Goal 42'
Tancheon Stadium, Seongnam
Attendance: 6,548
Referee: Kim Seong-ho

Gangwon FC secure promotion to the 2016 K League Classic season, 1:1 on aggregate with away goals.

Season statistics

Attendance

Pos Team Total High Low Average Change
1 Daegu FC 54,246 23,015 369 2,712 −10.4%
2 Daejeon Citizen 50,797 18,082 955 2,540 −23.9%
3 Bucheon FC 1995 41,619 10,982 713 2,081 +22.6%
4 FC Anyang 36,530 9,145 521 1,827 +7.5%
5 Busan IPark 30,670 6,075 508 1,534 −38.5%
6 Seoul E-Land 26,218 3,060 508 1,311 −28.2%
7 Gyeongnam FC 24,003 4,610 307 1,200 −36.6%
8 Gangwon FC 21,328 3,042 518 1,066 −21.4%
9 Ansan Police 20,093 4,072 202 1,005 −39.6%
10 Chungju Hummel 18,871 3,118 388 944 −23.1%
11 Goyang Hi FC 7,054 897 124 353 −48.7%
League total 331,429 23,015 124 1,506 −6.2%

Updated to games played on 30 October 2016
Source: K League
Notes:
Attendants who entered with free ticket are not counted.
Team played previous season in K League Classic.

Awards

Most Valuable Player of The Round

Manager of the Month

Month Manager Club Division
March/April South Korea Choi Yong-soo FC Seoul K League Classic
May South Korea Nam Ki-il Gwangju FC K League Classic
June South Korea Lee Heung-sil Ansan Mugunghwa K League Challenge
July South Korea Choi Kang-hee Jeonbuk Hyundai Motors K League Classic
August South Korea Choi Young-jun Busan IPark K League Challenge
September South Korea Choi Yun-kyum Gangwon FC K League Challenge
October South Korea Hwang Sun-hong FC Seoul K League Classic

Season Awards

The 2016 K League Awards was held on 8 November 2016.

K League Challenge Most Valuable Player

K League Challenge Top Scorer

K League Challenge Top Assistor

K League Challenge Best XI

Position Player Club
Goalkeeper South Korea Jo Hyeon-woo Daegu FC
Defender South Korea Jeong Woo-jae Daegu FC
Defender South Korea Hwang Jae-won Daegu FC
Defender South Korea Lee Han-saem Gangwon FC
Defender South Korea Jung Seung-yong Gangwon FC
Midfielder Brazil Waguininho Bucheon FC 1995
Midfielder South Korea Lee Hyun-seung Ansan Mugunghwa
Midfielder South Korea Hwang In-beom Daejeon Citizen
Midfielder Brazil Cesinha Daegu FC
Forward South Korea Kim Dong-chan Daejeon Citizen
Forward Brazil Willian Popp Busan IPark

K League Challenge Manager of the Year

References