2016 Montenegrin parliamentary election
← 2012 16 October 2016 2020 →
Turnout73.41% (Increase2.85pp)
Party Leader % Seats +/–
DPS Milo Đukanović 41.41 36 +3
DF Andrija Mandić 20.32 18 -2
Ključ Miodrag Lekić 11.05 9 0
DCG Aleksa Bečić 10.01 8 New
SDP Ranko Krivokapić 5.23 4 -2
SD Ivan Brajović 3.26 2 New
BS Rafet Husović 3.16 2 -1
AO Genci Nimanbegu 1.27 1 0
HGI Marija Vučinović 0.47 1 0
This lists parties that won seats. See the complete results below.
2016 Montenegrin parliamentary election.jpg
Results by municipality;
  DPS   Ključ   BS   AO
Saturation of colour denotes strength of vote
Prime Minister before Prime Minister after
Milo Đukanović
Duško Marković

Parliamentary elections were held in Montenegro on 16 October 2016. The ruling Democratic Party of Socialists (DPS) remained the largest party, winning 36 of the 81 seats, and subsequently formed a coalition government with the new Social Democrats and national minority parties. The elections were held in the midst of an alleged coup d'état attempt.[1][2][3]


Main article: 2015–16 Montenegrin crisis

Protests against incumbent Prime Minister Milo Djukanovic occurred in the preceding year over issues ranging from NATO membership to electoral fraud.[4][5][6] A split in the ruling coalition followed in January 2016, leaving the government functioning as a de facto minority government. The provisional government of electoral trust was elected on May 12, 2016, by the parliament of Montenegro. The provisional governing coalition was formed by DPS and several opposition parties.[7]

Electoral system

The 81 seats of the Parliament of Montenegro are elected in a single nationwide constituency by closed list proportional representation. Seats are allocated using the d'Hondt method with a 3% electoral threshold.

Minority groups that account for at least 15% of the population in a district are given an exemption that lowers the electoral threshold to 0.7% for a possible total of three seats if their list fails to cross the 3% threshold.

For ethnic Croats, if no list representing the population passes the 0.7% threshold, the list with the most votes will win one seat if it receives more than 0.35% of the vote.[8]


On 31 August 2016, the Democratic Serb Party (DSS) decided to sign an agreement with Democratic Front Alliance,[9] as did the far-left Yugoslav Communist Party (JKP)[10] and right-wing Democratic Party of Unity (DSJ).

The Socialist People's Party (SNP), United Reform Action (URA) and DEMOS agreed to form a pre-election alliance under the name Key Coalition,[11] with Miodrag Lekić as leader.[12]

On 8 September 2016 the ruling Democratic Party of Socialists (DPS) decided to run independently, with two Liberal Party (LP) representatives on their electoral list.[13]

Electoral lists

# List name Leader Note
1 Albanians Decisively - FORCA, DUA, AA Genci Nimanbegu M
2 SDP - Ranko Krivokapić - Country for everyone! Ranko Krivokapić
3 Albanian Coalition with One Goal - DP, DS and Perspective Gëzim Hajdinaga M
4 Alternative Montenegro Vesko Pejak
5 Positive Montenegro - Darko Pajović - Because we love Montenegro Darko Pajović
6 Safe step! DPS - Milo Đukanović Milo Đukanović
7 Croatian Civic Initiative - HGI from the heart Marija Vučinović M
8 Mr Aleksa Bečić - Democrats - Victories, not divisions. Aleksa Bečić
9 Key Coalition - DEMOS, SNP, URA - The best for Montenegro! Miodrag Lekić
10 Serb Party - Prof. Dr. Milovan Živković Milovan Živković
11 Party of Pensioners, Disabled and Social Justice Smajo Šabotić
12 List of Democratic Alliance of Albanians Nikola Camaj M
13 Democratic Front - Either us, or him Andrija Mandić
14 Bosniak Party - Rafet Husović - Our strength Rafet Husović M
15 Bosniak Democratic Community in Montenegro - Hazbija Kalač Hazbija Kalač M
16 Social Democrats of Montenegro - Consistently Ivan Brajović
17 Party of Serb Radicals - Montenegro in safe hands. Aleksandar Janković
Source: DIK

MNational minority list

Opinion polls

Poll results are listed in the table below in reverse chronological order, showing the most recent first, and using the date the survey's fieldwork was done, as opposed to the date of publication. If such date is unknown, the date of publication is given instead. The highest percentage figure in each polling survey is displayed in bold, and the background shaded in the leading party's colour. In the instance that there is a tie, then no figure is shaded. The lead column on the right shows the percentage-point difference between the two parties with the highest figures. When a specific poll does not show a data figure for a party, the party's cell corresponding to that poll is shown empty. The threshold for a party to elect members is 3%.

Date Polling Firm/Source DPS SDP DF Key Coalition DCG SD PCG BS Others Lead
Oct 2016 Ipsos 40.9 3.1 23.2 14.0 6.8 1.9 2.6 2 5.6 17.7
Sep 2016 VKK 37.2 4.1 14.3 22.7 7.1 2.2 0.8 2.8 8.8 14.5
Jun 2016 CeDem 43.1 4.2 11.1 8.8 10.3 4.1 7.2 2.4 2.2 3.8 2.8 32
Jun 2016 NSPM 39.1 4.1 22.1 8.2 6.7 3.2 6.7 2.4 >1 2.8 5.1 17.0
Apr 2016 Ipsos 45 6 8 6 15 4 7 >1 2 2 5 30
Feb 2016 Damar 40.9 4.3 11.9 6.4 12.2 6.1 6.8 2.2 1.9 3.6 3.7 28.7
Dec 2015 Ipsos 45 4 8 6 13 8 6 >1 2 2 6 32
Nov 2015 Damar 41.7 4 11.5 6.4 11.4 4 7.4 2.4 3 4.5 3.7 30.2
Nov 2015 CeDem 45.1 4.6 8.7 9.1 10.2 4.2 6.7 2.5 1.8 3.3 3.8 34.9
Oct 2015 Ipsos 45 4 8 7 13 7 6 1 1 3 5 32
Sep 2015 Damar 40.3 3.8 9.4 6.9 10.2 3.5 10.1 2.4 3.6 5 4.8 30.1
July 2015 CeDem 42.7 5.2 5.8 8.5 14.4 5.5 9.2 2.2 1.6 2.1 2.8 28.3
May 2015 Ipsos 42 3 7 7 16 5 7 >1 2.9 3 7.1 26
Oct 2012 Election results 45.6 22.8 11.1 Did not exist 8.2 4.1 8.1 22.8

Coup plot

Main article: Montenegrin coup plot

A group of 20 Serbian and Montenegrin citizens were arrested on election day. Fourteen remain in custody (as of 12 November 2016), including former head of Serbian Gendarmery Bratislav Dikić, and some that fought for the pro-Russian side in the War in Donbass. On 6 November, the Montenegrin prosecutor Milivoje Katnić has stated that there is no evidence of Russian state involvement, but that two Russian nationalists organized the plot.[14] Two GRU agents, Vladimir Popov and Eduard Shishmakov, have been tried in absentia.[1] Russian citizens in Serbia, monitoring Prime Minister Đukanović, had been supervised by the Special prosecution, which prevented them from realizing the plan. The Serbian authorities found €125,000 in cash and uniforms, and deported an unknown number of Russian citizens. At the same time, Serbian Prime Minister Aleksandar Vučić told that there had been increased activity by a number of different intelligence agencies, 'from both the East and the West', against Serbian interests, and that members of these agencies had been apprehended. The Montenegrin prosecutor said that the intention was to have 500 people enter Montenegro on election night to "cause violence", and hire assassin snipers to murder Prime Minister Đukanović – to stop Montenegro from entering NATO and prevent Russia from losing an ally in the Balkans. All opposition parties claimed that the coup attempt was staged by the Government of Montenegro and DPS as a publicity stunt to improve their electoral results, and denounced elections as irregular, refusing to accept the results.[15][16][17]


2016 Montenegrin parliamentary election (seats).jpg
Democratic Party of Socialists of Montenegro158,49041.4136+3
Democratic Front77,78420.3218–2
Key Coalition42,29511.0590
Democratic Montenegro38,32710.018New
Social Democratic Party of Montenegro20,0115.234–2
Social Democrats of Montenegro12,4723.262New
Bosniak Party12,0893.162–1
Positive Montenegro5,0621.320–7
Albanians Decisively4,8541.2710
Albanian Coalition3,3940.890–1
Croatian Civic Initiative1,8020.4710
Democratic Alliance of Albanians1,5420.400New
Serb Party1,2010.310New
Bosniak Democratic Community in Montenegro1,1400.300New
Alternative Montenegro8780.230New
Party of Serb Radicals6930.1800
Party of Pensioners, Disabled and Social Justice6720.1800
Valid votes382,70698.58
Invalid/blank votes5,5131.42
Total votes388,219100.00
Registered voters/turnout528,81773.41
Source: DIK


Further information: Marković Cabinet

Following the elections, all 39 opposition MPs boycotted Parliament from its opening due to claims of electoral fraud and the elections not being held under fair conditions. In mid-February 2017, the opposition announced it would also boycott local elections in the country's second largest municipality, Nikšić, over the government's attempt to prosecute two members of Parliament, Andrija Mandić and Milan Knežević from the right-wing opposition Democratic Front alliance, who had been charged with involvement in a coup plot allegedly planned for election day.[18]

On 9 November 2016, Deputy Prime Minister Duško Marković in Đukanović VI Cabinet (2012-2016) was nominated as new Prime Minister by the president of Montenegro Filip Vujanović, and on 28 November new government was elected by 41 out of 81 members of the parliament (with the entire opposition boycotting the assembly), with the support of Democratic Party of Socialists, Social Democrats of Montenegro and the Bosniak, Albanian and Croatian minority parties.[19]


  1. ^ a b Bajrović, Reuf; Garčević, Vesko; Kramer, Richard. "Hanging by a Thread: Russia's Policy of Destabilization in Montenegro" (PDF). Foreign Policy Research Institute. Retrieved 11 July 2018.
  2. ^ "Montenegrin prosecutor says Russian nationalists behind alleged coup plot".
  3. ^ Montenegro PM Accuses Opposition Over 'Plot to Kill Him' Balkan Insight, 10 November 2016.
  4. ^ "Montenegro Police Throw Tear Gas on Protest". AP. 24 October 2015 – via The New York Times.
  5. ^ Protest protiv NATO u Podgorici
  6. ^ http://www.srbijadanas.com/clanak/odrzan-jos-jedan-protest-u-podgorici-crvenim-kartonima-iskazali-nepoverenje-vladi-cg-24-01 Održan još jedan protest u Podgorici]
  7. ^ "Montenegro Parliament Set to Oust Speaker", Balkan Insight
  8. ^ Electoral system IPU
  9. ^ Demokratska srpska stranka pristupila Demokratskom frontu Archived 2016-11-08 at the Wayback Machine Vijesti, 31 Aug 2016
  10. ^ Komunisti se pridružili DF-u RTCG, 3 August 2016
  11. ^ KOALICIJA DEMOSA SNP-A I URA USAGLASILA VIZUELNI IDENTITET Archived 2017-07-28 at the Wayback Machine Vijesti, 8 September 2016
  12. ^ Odlučeno: SNP, Demos i URA u koaliciji Archived 2017-07-28 at the Wayback Machine Vijesti, 31 August 2016
  13. ^ Na listi DPS-a i dva predstavnika Liberalne partije Archived 2016-11-13 at the Wayback Machine Vijesti, 8 September 2016
  14. ^ "Montenegrin prosecutor says Russian nationalists behind alleged coup plot". The Guardian. 6 November 2016. Retrieved 11 July 2018.
  15. ^ "Case "Coup d'etat" and Đukanović's "old recipe"".
  16. ^ "Montenegro prosecutor Katnić: Russian nationalists behind alleged coup plot".
  17. ^ "Common decision: Opposition does not recognise election results". Archived from the original on 2016-11-14. Retrieved 2016-11-14.
  18. ^ Montenegro Opposition to Boycott Poll Over ‘Coup’ Claims Balkan Insight, 15 February 2017.
  19. ^ Le Courrier des Balkans (29 November 2016). "Monténégro : un nouveau gouvernement qui ne tient qu'à une voix". courrierdesbalkans.fr/ (in French). Retrieved 6 December 2016..