The elections in India in 2016 include the five state legislative assembly elections.[1] The tenure of the state legislative assembly of Tamil Nadu, West Bengal, Kerala, Puducherry, Assam, expired during the year.[2][3] More than 18,000 Voter-verified paper audit trail (VVPATs) in 64 Assembly constituencies were used in these 5 elections.[4] The dates of these elections were announced on 4 March 2016.[5]

Legislative Assembly Elections

Start date End date State Government before Chief Minister before Government after Elected Chief Minister
4 April 2016 11 April 2016 Assam Indian National Congress Tarun Gogoi Bharatiya Janata Party Sarbananda Sonowal
Asom Gana Parishad
Bodoland People's Front
4 April 2016 5 May 2016 West Bengal All India Trinamool Congress Mamata Banerjee All India Trinamool Congress Mamata Banerjee
16 May 2016 Kerala United Democratic Front Oommen Chandy Left Democratic Front Pinarayi Vijayan
Puducherry All India N.R. Congress N. Rangaswamy Indian National Congress V. Narayanasamy
Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam
Tamil Nadu All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam J. Jayalalithaa All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam J. Jayalalithaa

Assam

Main article: 2016 Assam Legislative Assembly election

The tenure of the Legislative Assembly of Assam expired on June 5, 2016. The polls for the incumbent assembly were held in two phases on April 4 and 11 2016 to elect members of the 126 constituencies in Assam. BJP won 60 seats and became biggest party in the election.

Parties and Coalitions Popular vote Seats
Vote % +/- Contested Won +/-
Bharatiya Janata Party NDA 4,992,185 29.5 84 60 Increase55
Asom Gana Parishad 1,377,482 8.1 24 14 Increase5
Bodoland People's Front 666,057 3.9 16 12 Steady
Rabha Jatiya Aikya Manch 1 0 Steady
Tiwa Jatiya Aikya Manch 1 0 Steady
Indian National Congress UPA 5,238,655 30.9 122 26 Decrease53
United People's Party Liberal 4 0 Steady
All India United Democratic Front G.A 2,207,945 13.0 74 13 Decrease5
Janata Dal (United) 12,538 0.07 4 0 Steady
Communist Party of India (Marxist) Left 93,508 0.55 19 0 Steady
Communist Party of India 37,243 0.22 15 0 Steady
Independents 1,867,531 11.04 496 1 Decrease2
Total 16919364 100.0 126
Valid votes
Invalid votes
Votes cast / turnout
Abstentions
Registered voters

West Bengal

Main article: 2016 West Bengal Legislative Assembly election

The tenure of the Legislative Assembly of West Bengal expired on May 29, 2016. Like in 2011, the polls for the next assembly were held in six phases. The first phase, held in Naxal-affected areas, had two polling dates — April 4 and April 11. The other phases were held on April 17, 21, 25, 30 and May 5.[6][7]

West Bengal election results were announced along with other four assemblies on 19 May 2016. All India Trinamool Congress under Mamata Banerjee won 211 seats, and thus was reelected with an enhanced majority.[8]

Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Contested Won +/−
All India Trinamool Congress (AITC) 24,564,523 44.91 Increase5.98 293 211 Increase27
Communist Party of India (Marxist) (CPM) 10,802,058 19.75 Decrease10.35 148 26 Decrease14
Indian National Congress (INC) 6,700,938 12.25 Increase3.15 92 44 Increase2
Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) 5,555,134 10.16 Increase5.56 291 3 Increase3
All India Forward Bloc (AIFB) 1,543,764 2.82 Decrease1.98 25 2 Decrease9
Independents (IND) 1,184,047 2.16 Decrease0.97 371 1 Decrease1
Revolutionary Socialist Party (RSP) 911,004 1.67 Decrease1.33 19 3 Decrease4
Communist Party of India (CPI) 791,925 1.45 Decrease0.35 11 1 Decrease1
Socialist Unity Centre of India (SUCI) 365,996 0.67 Increase0.23 182 0 Decrease1
Gorkha Janmukti Morcha (GOJAM) 254,626 0.47 Decrease0.25 5 3 Steady
Democratic Socialist Party (DSP) 167,576 0.31 Decrease0.04 2 0 Decrease1
Nationalist Congress Party (NCP) 69,898 0.13 Increase0.10 1 0 Steady
Samajwadi Party (SP) 46,402 0.08 Decrease0.66 23 0 Decrease1
Rashtriya Janata Dal (RJD) 15,439 0.03 Decrease0.02 1 0 Steady
None of the Above (NOTA) 831,848 1.52 Increase1.52
Total 54,697,791 100.0 2255 294 ±0
Valid votes 54,697,791 99.92
Invalid votes 44,622 0.08
Votes cast / turnout 54,742,413 83.02
Abstentions 11,196,593 16.98
Registered voters 65,939,006

Kerala

Main article: 2016 Kerala Legislative Assembly election

The tenure of the Legislative Assembly of Kerala expired on May 31, 2016. The polls for the next assembly were held on 16 May 2016. The Left Democratic Front won a clear victory with 91 in 140 seats.[9]

Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % Candidates Won
Communist Party of India (Marxist) 5,365,472 26.7 84 59
Indian National Congress 4,794,793 23.8 87 21
Bharatiya Janata Party 2,129,726 10.6 98 1
Communist Party of India 1,643,878 8.2 25 19
Indian Union Muslim League 1,496,864 7.4 23 18
Kerala Congress (Mani) 807,718 4.0 15 5
Bharath Dharma Jana Sena 795,797 4.0 36 0
Independents
(LDF)
487,510 2.4 8 4
Janata Dal (United) 296,585 1.5 7 0
Janata Dal (Secular) 293,274 1.5 5 3
Nationalist Congress Party 237,408 1.2 4 2
Independents (IND) 220,797 1.1 420 1
Revolutionary Socialist Party 216,071 1.1 5 0
Kerala Congress (Democratic) 157,584 0.78 4 0
National Secular Conference 130,843 0.65 2 1
Revolutionary Socialist Party (Leninist) 75,725 0.38 1 1
Kerala Congress (Balakrishna Pillai) 74,429 0.37 1 1
Kerala Congress (Jacob) 73,770 0.37 1 1
Communist Marxist Party (Aravindakshan) 64,666 0.32 1 1
Congress (Secular) 54,347 0.27 1 1
Total 20,232,718 100.00 1,203 140
Valid votes 20,232,718 99.97
Invalid votes 6,107 0.03
Votes cast / turnout 20,238,825 77.53
Abstentions 5,866,244 22.47
Registered voters 26,105,069

Puducherry

Main article: 2016 Puducherry Legislative Assembly election

The tenure of the Legislative Assembly of Puducherry expired on June 2, 2016. The polls for the next assembly were held on 16 May 2016 to elect members of the 30 constituencies in the non-contiguous territory. INC won 15 out of 30 seats.

Parties and Coalitions Votes Vote % Vote swing Contested Won Change
Indian National Congress 2,44,886 30.60 Increase 5.54 21 15 Increase8
All India N.R. Congress 2,25,082 28.1 Decrease 3.65 30 8 Decrease7
All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam 134,597 16.8 Increase 3.05 30 4 Decrease1
Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam 70,836 8.9 Decrease 1.78 9 2 Steady
Bharatiya Janata Party 19,303 2.4 Increase 1.08 30 0 Steady
Independents 62,884 7.9 1 Steady
None of the above 13,240 1.7
Total 8,00,343 30
Valid votes 8,00,343 99.86
Invalid votes 1,099 0.14
Votes cast / turnout 8,01,442 85.08
Abstentions 1,43,490 14.92
Registered voters 9,41,935
Source: International Business Times

Tamil Nadu

Main article: 2016 Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly election

The tenure of the Legislative Assembly of Tamil Nadu expired on May 22, 2016. The polls for the next assembly were held on 16 May 2016 for the 234 seats of the Legislative Assembly in the state of Tamil Nadu in India.[10] In the previous election in 2011, the AIADMK, under the leadership of Jayalalithaa, won a majority and formed the government.[11] The results declared on 19 May 2016 and AIADMK was able to retain power with a comfortable majority of 133 seats out of 231.

Summary of the 2016 Tamil Nadu legislative election[12]
Parties and Coalitions Votes % Seats
Contested Won +/-
  All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (AIADMK) 17,806,490 40.88% 234 136 Decrease14
  Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK) 13,670,511 31.39% 178 89 Increase66
  Indian National Congress (DMK) 2,774,075 6.47% 41 8 Increase3
  Indian Union Muslim League (DMK) 313,808 0.73% 5 1 Increase1
  Pattali Makkal Katchi 2,302,564 5.36% 234 0 Decrease3
  Bharatiya Janata Party 1,235,660 2.86% 234 0 Steady
  Desiya Murpokku Dravida Kazhagam (PWF) 1,037,431 2.41% 105 0 Decrease29
  Independents 617,907 1.44% 234 0 Steady
Naam Tamilar Katchi 460,089 1.07% 234 0 Steady
  Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (PWF) 373,713 0.87% 28 0 Steady
  Communist Party of India (PWF) 340,290 0.79% 25 0 Decrease9
  Viduthalai Chiruthaigal Katchi (PWF) 331,849 0.77% 25 0 Steady
  Communist Party of India (Marxist) (PWF) 307,303 0.72% 25 0 Decrease10
  Tamil Maanila Congress (PWF) 230,711 0.54% 26 0 Steady
Puthiya Tamilagam (DMK) 219,830 0.51% 4 0 Decrease2
  Manithaneya Makkal Katchi 197,150 0.46% 4 0 Decrease2
Kongunadu Makkal Desia Katchi 167,560 0.39% 72 0 Steady
  Bahujan Samaj Party 97,823 0.23% n/a 0 Steady
  Social Democratic Party of India 65,978 0.15% n/a 0 Steady
  None of the above 5,65,077 1.31% 234
Total 4,35,56,184 100.00 - 234 -
Valid votes 4,35,56,184 99.93
Invalid votes 29,507 0.07
Votes cast / turnout 4,35,85,691 74.81
Abstentions 1,46,74,574 25.19
Registered voters 5,82,60,506

Election to two assembly constituencies were cancelled by the Election Commission on confirmed reports of bribing voters in Aravakurichi and Thanjavur. Elections were held later there on 26 October 2016 [13][14]

Local Body Elections

Chandigarh

Date Municipal Bodies Winner 2016
24 December 2021 Chandigarh Municipal Corporation Bharatiya Janata Party

References

  1. ^ "Tamil Nadu, Kerala, West Bengal, Assam polls in April–May". 21 December 2015.
  2. ^ "Terms of Houses, Election Commission of India". Retrieved 2015-11-16.
  3. ^ "Assembly polls: Chasing the Muslim vote".
  4. ^ "VVPAT usage in 64 seats in 5 states Schedule for the General Elections to the Legislative Assemblies of Assam, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal and Puducherry" (PDF).
  5. ^ "Election Commission announces dates for 5 state polls in April and May | India News - Times of India".
  6. ^ "West Bengal Assembly Election Schedule 2016 - infoelections.com".
  7. ^ "Assembly Election Results Dates Candidate List Opinion/Exit Poll Latest News, Political Consulting Survey Election Campaign Management Company India".
  8. ^ "It's 'Mamata wave' in West Bengal as voters reject Congress-Left alliance". Ritesh K Srivastava. Zee News. 20 May 2016. Retrieved 20 May 2016.
  9. ^ "2016 Kerala Legislative Assembly Election Results Constituency Wise".
  10. ^ "4 States, Puducherry to go to polls between April 4 and May 16". The Hindu. 4 March 2016.
  11. ^ "Can BJP give Tamil Nadu's Dravidian parties a jolt in 2016? Possibly". First Post. 30 December 2014. Retrieved 2014-12-30.
  12. ^ "General Election to Legislative Assembly Trends & Results 2016". Election Commission of India.
  13. ^ "EC recommends to TN Governor cancellation of polls to 2 seats". Deccan Herald. 28 May 2016.
  14. ^ "EC cancels polls". The Hindu. 29 May 2016.