2016 in spaceflight
A landed Falcon 9 first stage on Of Course I Still Love You
Infrared view of Jupiter
Impact scar of Schiaparelli on the Martian surface
A Cygnus, Soyuz MS, and Progress MS spacecraft docked at the International Space Station
Highlights from spaceflight in 2016.[a]
Orbital launches
First15 January
Last28 December
Total85
Successes82
Failures2
Partial failures1
Catalogued83
Rockets
Maiden flights
Retirements
Crewed flights
Orbital5
Total travellers14
EVAs4

Several new rockets and spaceports began operations in 2016.

Overview

Russia inaugurated the far-Eastern Vostochny Cosmodrome on 28 April 2016 with a traditional Soyuz-2.1a flight,[1] before expanding it for the Angara rocket family in the following years. The Chinese Long March 7 flew its maiden flight from the new Wenchang Satellite Launch Center on Hainan Island on 25 June, and the maiden flight of the Long March 5 took place on 3 November. Two years after its 2014 accident, the Antares rocket returned to flight on 17 October with its upgraded 230 version featuring the Russian RD-181 engine.

After many failed attempts, SpaceX began landing its Falcon 9 first stages on autonomous spaceport drone ships, edging closer to their long-stated goal of developing reusable launch vehicles. The company indicated that the recovered engines and structures did not suffer significant damage.[2] One of the landed boosters, B1021, launched in April 2016, was flown again in March 2017;[3] two others were converted to side boosters for the maiden flight of Falcon Heavy.[4]

The ExoMars mission, a collaboration between the European and Russian space agencies, was launched on 14 March and reached Mars on 19 October.[5] Dedicated to astrobiology investigations, this flight carried the ExoMars Trace Gas Orbiter, which reached Mars orbit, and the Schiaparelli EDM lander, which crashed upon landing. A subsequent flight scheduled for 2020 will carry the ExoMars Rosalind Franklin rover along with four static surface instruments.[6] Meanwhile, the Japanese space probe Akatsuki started its observations of Venus in May[7] after spending five months gradually adjusting its orbit. Planetary exploration activities took center stage with the orbit insertion of NASA's Juno probe at Jupiter on 4 July, followed by the launch of NASA's OSIRIS-REx mission to asteroid 101955 Bennu on 8 September. Finally, on 30 September, the Rosetta probe executed a slow crash-landing on comet 67P/Churyumov–Gerasimenko.[8][9]

Human spaceflights included the return of Scott Kelly and Mikhail Kornienko in March after a yearlong mission on the ISS, the longest-ever continuous stay by astronauts at the station. Kelly also set the record for the longest-duration stay of an American in orbit. Four ISS Expeditions numbered 47 to 50 were launched in 2016, the first one using the last Soyuz TMA-M spacecraft and the next three inaugurating the modernized Soyuz MS. Expedition 50 will continue into 2017. Several EVAs were performed to maintain the exterior of the ISS. The experimental BEAM inflatable habitat was attached to the ISS on 16 April and expanded on 28 May to begin two years of on-orbit tests. Meanwhile, China launched its new Tiangong-2 space laboratory in September, which was first visited by two astronauts for a month between 19 October and 17 November.

Orbital launches

Date and time (UTC) Rocket Flight number Launch site LSP
Payload
(⚀ = CubeSat)
Operator Orbit Function Decay (UTC) Outcome
Remarks

January[edit]

15 January
16:57:04
China Long March 3B/E China Xichang LC-3 China CASC
Belarus Belintersat 1 Belarus Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
17 January
18:42:18
United States Falcon 9 v1.1 F9-021 United States Vandenberg SLC-4E United States SpaceX
United States Jason-3 NOAA / EUMETSAT Low Earth Earth observation In orbit Operational
Final flight of the standard Falcon 9 v1.1, future flights will use the upgraded Falcon 9 Full Thrust. Falcon 9's first stage performed a soft landing on an autonomous spaceport drone ship in the Pacific Ocean, but the failure of one landing leg to lock into position caused it to fall over and break apart.[10]
20 January
04:01:00
India PSLV-XL C31 India Satish Dhawan SLP India ISRO
India IRNSS-1E ISRO Geosynchronous Navigation In orbit Operational
27 January
23:20:48
Europe Ariane 5 ECA VA228 France Kourou ELA-3 France Arianespace
United States Intelsat 29e Intelsat Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Spacecraft failure in 2019[11]
29 January
22:20:09
Russia Proton-M / Briz-M Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 200/39 Russia United States International Launch Services
France Eutelsat 9B Eutelsat Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
Carries the first laser communication node for the European Data Relay System

February[edit]

1 February
07:29:04
China Long March 3C/E / YZ-1 China Xichang LC-3 China CASC
China BeiDou M3-S CNSA Medium Earth Navigation In orbit Operational
5 February
13:38:00
United States Atlas V 401 AV-057 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-41 United States United Launch Alliance
United States USA-266 (GPS IIF-12) US Air Force Medium Earth Navigation In orbit Operational
7 February
00:21:07
Russia Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat Russia Plesetsk Site 43/4 Russia RVSN RF
Russia Kosmos 2514 (GLONASS-M 751) VKS Medium Earth Navigation In orbit Operational
7 February
00:30
North Korea Unha North Korea Sohae North Korea KCST
North Korea Kwangmyŏngsŏng-4[12] KCST Low Earth Earth observation In orbit Operational
10 February
11:40:32
United States Delta IV M+ (5,2) United States Vandenberg SLC-6 United States United Launch Alliance
United States USA-267 / NROL-45 / Topaz-4[13] NRO Retrograde LEO Reconnaissance In orbit Operational
Spacecraft launched in a retrograde orbit
16 February
17:57:40
Russia Rokot / Briz-KM Russia Plesetsk Site 133/3 Europe / Russia Eurockot
Europe Sentinel-3A ESA Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation In orbit Operational
17 February
08:45:00
Japan H-IIA 202 F30 Japan Tanegashima LA-Y1 Japan MHI
Japan United States Hitomi (ASTRO-H) JAXA / NASA Low Earth X-ray astronomy In orbit Spacecraft failure
Japan ChubuSat-2 Nagoya University Low Earth Radiation / Amateur radio In orbit Operational
Japan ChubuSat-3 MHI Low Earth Remote sensing / Space debris monitor In orbit Operational
Japan Horyu-4 Kyushu Institute of Technology Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
Hitomi malfunctioned after initial checkouts, and is believed to have lost attitude control and snapped off its solar array. 28 April, JAXA has abandoned efforts to recover the spacecraft.[14][15]

March[edit]

4 March
23:35:00
United States Falcon 9 Full Thrust F9-022 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-40 United States SpaceX
Luxembourg SES-9 SES S.A. Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
High-velocity landing test ended with a hard landing on the drone ship Of Course I Still Love You and destruction of the first stage.
9 March
05:20:07
Europe Ariane 5 ECA VA229 France Kourou ELA-3 France Arianespace
France Eutelsat 65 West A Eutelsat Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
10 March
10:31:00
India PSLV-XL C32 India Satish Dhawan SLP India ISRO
India IRNSS-1F ISRO Geosynchronous Navigation In orbit Operational
13 March
18:56:00
Russia Soyuz-2.1b Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 31/6 Russia Roscosmos
Russia Resurs-P No.3 Roscosmos Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation In orbit Operational
The launch succeeded on its second attempt after a rare pad abort the day before.
14 March
09:31:42[6]
Russia Proton-M / Briz-M Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 200/39 Russia Khrunichev
Europe / Russia ExoMars Trace Gas Orbiter ESA Areocentric orbit Mars orbiter In orbit Operational
Europe Schiaparelli EDM lander ESA TMI to Martian Surface Mars lander 19 October 2016 Landing failure
Briz-M upper stage exploded after separation, apparently without damaging the orbiter or lander.[16]
18 March
21:26:38
Russia Soyuz-FG Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 1/5 Russia Roscosmos
Russia Soyuz TMA-20M Roscosmos Low Earth (ISS) Expedition 47/48 7 September 2016
01:13
Successful
Crewed flight with three cosmonauts. Final flight of the Soyuz TMA-M variant
23 March
03:05:52
United States Atlas V 401 AV-064 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-41 United States United Launch Alliance
United States Cygnus CRS OA-6
S.S. Rick Husband
Orbital ATK / NASA Low Earth (ISS) ISS logistics 22 June 2016
13:29
Successful
Philippines Japan Diwata-1 DOST / TU Low Earth Earth observation 6 April 2020[18] Successful
United States Flock-2e' × 20 Planet Labs Low Earth Earth observation In orbit Operational
United States Lemur-2 × 9 Spire Global Low Earth Earth observation In orbit 8 operational, 1 failed to deploy
Anomaly in the mixture ratio control valve assembly, causing the Atlas V booster engine to cut off five seconds early, resulting in a longer-than-usual Centaur orbital insertion burn.[17]
Cubesats deployed from the ISS and the Cygnus spacecraft at a later date.
24 March
09:42:00
Russia Soyuz-2.1a Russia Plesetsk Site 43/4 Russia RVSN RF
Russia Kosmos 2515 (Bars-M 2L) VKS Low Earth (SSO) Reconnaissance In orbit Operational
29 March
20:11:04
China Long March 3A China Xichang LC-2 China CASC
China BeiDou IGSO-6 CNSA IGSO Navigation In orbit Operational
31 March
16:23:57
Russia Soyuz-2.1a Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 31/6 Russia Roscosmos
Russia Progress MS-02 / 63P Roscosmos Low Earth (ISS) ISS logistics 14 October 2016
13:39
Successful
Russia Tomsk-TPU-120 Tomsk Polytechnic University Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
Tomsk-TPU-120 is a CubeSat deployed into orbit from ISS by Russian astronauts spacewalk on 17 August 2017.[19]

April[edit]

5 April
17:38:04
China Long March 2D China Jiuquan LA-4/SLS-2 China CASC
China Shijian-10 CAS Low Earth Microgravity Science 18 April 2016
08:30
Successful
8 April
20:43:31
United States Falcon 9 Full Thrust F9-023 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-40 United States SpaceX
United States SpaceX CRS-8 NASA Low Earth (ISS) ISS logistics 11 May 2016
18:31
Successful
United States BEAM Bigelow Aerospace / NASA Low Earth (ISS) Technology demonstration / ISS Assembly In orbit Operational
First stage landed successfully on drone ship Of Course I Still Love You for the first time, the second successful landing overall
25 April
21:02:13
Russia Soyuz-STA / Fregat France Kourou ELS France Arianespace
Europe Sentinel-1B ESA Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation In orbit Operational
France MICROSCOPE CNES Low Earth (SSO) Astrophysics In orbit Operational
Denmark AAUSAT-4 Aalborg Low Earth (SSO) AIS ship tracking In orbit Operational
Italy e-st@r-II Polytechnic University of Turin Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
Belgium OUFTI-1 Liège Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
28 April
02:01:21
Russia Soyuz-2.1a / Volga Russia Vostochny Site 1S Russia Roscosmos
Russia Mikhailo Lomonosov MSU Low Earth (SSO) Gamma-ray astronomy 30 June 2018 Satellite malfunction
Russia Aist-2D SSAU Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
Russia SamSat 218 SSAU Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration 4 March 2022[20] Spacecraft failure
First orbital flight from Vostochny Cosmodrome.
28 April
07:20:00
India PSLV-XL C33 India Satish Dhawan FLP India ISRO
India IRNSS-1G ISRO Geosynchronous Navigation In orbit Operational

May[edit]

6 May
05:21:00
United States Falcon 9 Full Thrust F9-024 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-40 United States SpaceX
Japan JCSAT-14 JSAT Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
First stage landed on Of Course I Still Love You drone ship, the third successful landing and the first landing with a payload to geostationary transfer orbit.
15 May
02:43
China Long March 2D China Jiuquan LA-4/SLS-2 China CASC
China Yaogan 30 CNSA Low Earth (SSO) Reconnaissance In orbit Operational
24 May
08:48:43
Russia Soyuz-STB / Fregat France Kourou ELS France Arianespace
European Union Galileo FOC 10 ESA Medium Earth Navigation In orbit Operational
European Union Galileo FOC 11 ESA Medium Earth Navigation In orbit Operational
27 May
21:39:00
United States Falcon 9 Full Thrust F9-025 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-40 United States SpaceX
Thailand Thaicom 8 Thaicom Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
First stage landed on Of Course I Still Love You drone ship, the fourth successful landing and the second landing with a payload to geostationary transfer orbit.
29 May
08:44:35
Russia Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat Russia Plesetsk Site 43/4 Russia RVSN RF
Russia Kosmos 2516 (GLONASS-M 753) VKS Medium Earth Navigation In orbit Spacecraft failure
Kosmos 2516 experienced a depressurization event in November 2020, which permanently disabled the satellite after four years in operation. It was replaced by GLONASS-K 705.[21]
30 May
03:17:04
China Long March 4B China Taiyuan LC-9 China CASC
China Ziyuan III-02 CNSA Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation In orbit Operational
Argentina ÑuSat-1/-2
(Aleph-1 constellation)[22]
Satellogic Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation In orbit Operational

June[edit]

4 June
14:00:13
Russia Rokot / Briz-KM Russia Plesetsk Site 133/3 Russia RVSN RF
Russia Kosmos 2517 (Geo-IK-2 No.12) VKS Low Earth Geodesy In orbit Operational
9 June
07:10:00
Russia Proton-M / Briz-M Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 81/24 Russia United States International Launch Services
United States Intelsat 31 / DLA-2 Intelsat / DirecTV Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
11 June
17:51:00
United States Delta IV Heavy United States Cape Canaveral SLC-37B United States United Launch Alliance
United States USA-268 (Orion NROL-37) NRO Geosynchronous Reconnaissance In orbit Operational
12 June
15:30:04
China Long March 3C/E China Xichang LC-3 China CASC
China BeiDou G7 CNSA Geosynchronous Navigation In orbit Operational
15 June
14:29:00
United States Falcon 9 Full Thrust F9-026 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-40 United States SpaceX
France Eutelsat 117 West B Eutelsat Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
Bermuda ABS-2A ABS Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
Satellites were successfully delivered to orbit, first stage landing on drone ship failed.
18 June
21:38:39
Europe Ariane 5 ECA VA230 France Kourou ELA-3 France Arianespace
United States EchoStar 18 EchoStar Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
Indonesia BRIsat BRI Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
22 June
03:56:00
India PSLV-XL C34 India Satish Dhawan SLP India ISRO
India Cartosat-2C ISRO Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation In orbit Operational
Germany BIROS DLR Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation In orbit Operational
Germany BeeSat 4 TU Berlin Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
Canada GHGSat-D (Claire) GHGSat Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation In orbit Operational
Indonesia LAPAN-A3 LAPAN Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation In orbit Operational
Canada M3MSat CSA Low Earth (SSO) Communications In orbit Operational
United States SkySat-C1 Terra Bella Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation In orbit Operational
United States Flock-2p × 12 Planet Labs Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation In orbit Operational
India SathyabamaSat Sathyabama University Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation In orbit Operational
India Swayam College of Engineering, Pune Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
24 June
14:30:00
United States Atlas V 551 AV-063 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-41 United States United Launch Alliance
United States MUOS-5 US Navy GSO Communications In orbit Operational in off-nominal but usable orbit[23]
25 June
12:00:07
China Long March 7 / YZ-1A Y1 China Wenchang LC-2 China CASC
China Next-generation crew capsule scale model CMSA Low Earth Technology demonstration
Flight test
26 June 2016
07:41
Successful
China Star of Aoxiang NPU Low Earth Technology demonstration 29 September 2016 Successful
China Aolong-1 CALT Low Earth Technology demonstration 27 August 2016 Successful
China Tiange-1 Low Earth Technology demonstration 27 August 2016 Successful
China Tiange-2 Low Earth Technology demonstration 24 August 2016 Successful
Maiden flight of the Long March 7 rocket and the first launch from the Wenchang Satellite Launch Center.[24]
29 June
03:21:04
China Long March 4B China Jiuquan LA-4/SLS-2 China CASC
China Shijian 16-02 CNSA Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbit Operational

July[edit]

7 July
01:36:40
Russia Soyuz-FG Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 1/5 Russia Roscosmos
Russia Soyuz MS-01 Roscosmos Low Earth (ISS) Expedition 48/49 30 October 2016
03:58
Successful
Crewed flight with three cosmonauts. Maiden flight of the modernized Soyuz MS spacecraft variant.
16 July
21:41:45
Russia Soyuz-U Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 31/6 Russia Roscosmos
Russia Progress MS-03 / 64P Roscosmos Low Earth (ISS) ISS logistics 1 February 2017
18:24
Successful
18 July
04:45:29
United States Falcon 9 Full Thrust F9-027 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-40 United States SpaceX
United States SpaceX CRS-9 NASA Low Earth (ISS) ISS logistics 26 August
15:47
Successful
Delivering the IDA-2 segment of the NASA Docking System. Second successful return to launch site and vertical landing of a first stage, demonstrated as part of a controlled descent test.
28 July
12:37:00
United States Atlas V 421 AV-065 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-41 United States United Launch Alliance
United States USA-269 (Quasar NROL-61) NRO Geosynchronous[25] Communications In orbit Operational

August[edit]

5 August
16:22:04
China Long March 3B China Xichang LC-3 China CASC
China Tiantong-1 01 CAST Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
9 August
22:55:25
China Long March 4C China Taiyuan LC-9 China CASC
China Gaofen-3 CAST Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation In orbit Operational
14 August
05:26:00
United States Falcon 9 Full Thrust F9-028 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-40 United States SpaceX
Japan JCSAT-16 JSAT Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
15 August
17:40:04
China Long March 2D China Jiuquan LA-4/SLS-2 China CASC
China Quantum Experiments At Space Scale (QUESS)[26] CAS Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
China Lixing-1 CAS Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
Spain 3Cat 2 UPC Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
19 August
04:52:00
United States Delta IV M+ (4,2) United States Cape Canaveral SLC-37B United States United Launch Alliance
United States AFSPC 6 / USA-270 / GSSAP #3 US Air Force Geosynchronous Space surveillance In orbit Operational
United States AFSPC 6 / USA-271 / GSSAP #4 US Air Force Geosynchronous Space surveillance In orbit Operational
24 August
22:16:01
Europe Ariane 5 ECA VA232 France Kourou ELA-3 France Arianespace
United States Intelsat 33e Intelsat Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational[27]
United States Intelsat 36 Intelsat Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
31 August
18:50:00
China Long March 4C China Taiyuan LC-9 China CASC
China Gaofen-10 CAST Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation 31 August 2016 Launch failure

September[edit]

3 September
07:00–09:00 (scheduled)[29]
United States Falcon 9 Full Thrust United States Cape Canaveral SLC-40 United States SpaceX
Israel Amos-6 Spacecom Planned: Geosynchronous Communications N/A Destroyed prior to launch[28]
Launch pad explosion destroyed both the rocket and the satellite two days prior to scheduled launch, on 13:07, 1 September 2016 (UTC) (2016-09-01T13:07Z).[28]
8 September
11:20:00
India GSLV Mk II F05 India Satish Dhawan SLP India ISRO
India INSAT-3DR ISRO Geosynchronous Meteorology In orbit Operational
8 September
23:05:00
United States Atlas V 411 AV-067 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-41 United States United Launch Alliance
United States OSIRIS-REx NASA Heliocentric Asteroid sample return In orbit Operational
Reached asteroid Bennu in December 2018. Scheduled to return to Earth in September 2023.
13 September
14:38:00
Israel Shavit-2 Israel Palmachim Israel Israel Aerospace Industries
Israel Ofeq 11 Israel Defense Forces Low Earth Reconnaissance In orbit Satellite malfunction[30]
15 September
14:04:12
China Long March 2F/G T2 China Jiuquan LA-4/SLS-1 China CNSA
China Tiangong-2 CMSA Low Earth Space station 19 July 2019[31]
13:06
Successful
China BanXing 2 SAST Low Earth Technology demonstration 15 July 2019[32] Successful
Second Chinese space laboratory, BanXing 2 deployed 22 October
16 September
01:43:35
Europe Vega France Kourou ELV France Arianespace
Peru PeruSat-1 Peruvian Armed Forces Low Earth (SSO) Reconnaissance In orbit Operational
United States SkySat x 4 Terra Bella Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation In orbit Operational
26 September
03:42:00
India PSLV-G C35 India Satish Dhawan FLP India ISRO
India ScatSat-1 ISRO Low Earth (SSO) Meteorology In orbit Successful[33]
India Pratham IIT Bombay Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
India PISat PES University Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation In orbit Operational
United States Blacksky Pathfinder-1 BlackSky Global Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation In orbit Operational
Algeria Alsat-1N Algerian Space Agency Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation In orbit Operational
Algeria Alsat-1B Algerian Space Agency Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation In orbit Operational
Algeria Alsat-2B Algerian Space Agency Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation In orbit Operational
Canada CanX-7 UTIAS Space Flight Laboratory Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration 21 April 2022[34] Successful
Final launch of the original Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle PSLV-G configuration with S9 solid rocket motors.

October[edit]

5 October
20:30
Europe Ariane 5 ECA VA231 France Kourou ELA-3 France Arianespace
Australia NBN-Co 1B / Sky Muster II NBN Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
India GSAT-18 ISRO Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
16 October
23:30
China Long March 2F Y11 China Jiuquan LA-4 / SLS-1 China CASC
China Shenzhou 11 CMSA Low Earth Docking with Tiangong-2 18 November 2016
06:15
Successful
Crewed flight with two astronauts[35]
17 October
23:45
United States Antares 230 United States MARS Pad 0A United States Orbital ATK
United States Cygnus CRS OA-5 NASA Low Earth (ISS) ISS logistics 27 November 2016
23:36
Successful
United States Lemur-2 × 4 Spire Global Low Earth Earth observation In orbit Operational
CubeSats were deployed from the ISS and Cygnus spacecraft at a later date.
19 October
08:05
Russia Soyuz-FG Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 31/6 Russia Roscosmos
Russia Soyuz MS-02 Roscosmos Low Earth (ISS) Expedition 49/50 10 April 2017
11:20
Successful
Crewed flight with three cosmonauts

November[edit]

2 November
06:20:00
Japan H-IIA 202 F31 Japan Tanegashima LA-Y1 Japan MHI
Japan Himawari 9 JMA Geosynchronous Meteorology In orbit Operational
3 November
12:42
China Long March 5 China Wenchang LC-1 China CASC
China Shijian-17 CNSA Geosynchronous Technology demonstration / Space rendezvous In orbit Operational
Maiden flight of the Long March 5 rocket. Chinese state media claims Shijian-17 is a test of electric propulsion, though this is disputed by outside analysts tracking the satellite's unusual space rendezvous movements.[36][37]
9 November
23:42[38]
China Long March 11 China Jiuquan China CASC
China XPNAV 1[39] CAS Low Earth (SSO) X-ray pulsar-based navigation In orbit Operational
China Xiaoxiang 1[40] Changsha Gaoxinqu Tianyi Research Institute Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
China Lishui 1-01 Zhejiang LiTong Electronic Technology Co. Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation In orbit Operational
China Pina-2 × 2 Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
11 November
18:30
United States Atlas V 401 AV-062 United States Vandenberg SLC-3E United States United Launch Alliance
United States WorldView-4 DigitalGlobe Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation 30 November 2021
05:20[42]
Spacecraft failure
United States CELTEE 1 M42 Technologies Low Earth (SSO) Calibration In orbit Operational
United States Prometheus-2 × 2 LANL Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
United States AeroCube 8 × 2 Aerospace Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
United States OptiCube 4 NASA Orbital Debris Program Office Low Earth (SSO) Calibration In orbit Operational
United States RAVAN JHU/APL Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration / Earth observation In orbit Operational
CubeSats deployed after WorldView-4 separation as part of NRO-sponsored ENTERPRISE mission. WorldView-4 experienced a failure in one of its control moment gyroscopes in January 2019, making the spacecraft unrecoverable.[41]
11 November
23:14
China Long March 2D China Jiuquan LA-4/SLS-2 China CASC
China Yunhai-1 SAST Low Earth Earth observation In orbit Operational
17 November
13:06:48
Europe Ariane 5 ES VA233 France Kourou ELA-3 France Arianespace
European Union Galileo FOC 7 ESA Medium Earth Navigation In orbit Operational
European Union Galileo FOC 12 ESA Medium Earth Navigation In orbit Operational
European Union Galileo FOC 13 ESA Medium Earth Navigation In orbit Operational
European Union Galileo FOC 14 ESA Medium Earth Navigation In orbit Operational
First Galileo launch with Ariane 5 (8th overall), carrying Antonianna, Lisa, Kimberley, and Tijmen.
17 November
20:20:14
Russia Soyuz-FG Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 1/5 Russia Roscosmos
Russia Soyuz MS-03 Roscosmos Low Earth (ISS) Expedition 50/51/52 2 June 2017 Successful
Crewed flight with three cosmonauts. Peggy Whitson's mission was prolonged over Expedition 52 until September 2017.
19 November
23:42:00
United States Atlas V 541 AV-069 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-41 United States United Launch Alliance
United States GOES-R (GOES-16) NASA / NOAA Geosynchronous Meteorology In orbit Operational
22 November
15:24:04
China Long March 3C/E China Xichang LC-2 China CASC
China Tianlian I-04 CNSA Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational

December[edit]

1 December
14:52
Russia Soyuz-U Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 1/5 Russia Roscosmos
Russia Progress MS-04 / 65P Roscosmos Planned: Low Earth (ISS) ISS logistics 1 December Launch failure
5 December
13:51:44
Europe Vega France Kourou ELV France Arianespace
Turkey Göktürk-1 Turkish Armed Forces Low Earth (SSO) Reconnaissance In orbit Operational
7 December
04:54
India PSLV-XL C36 India Satish Dhawan FLP India ISRO
India Resourcesat-2A ISRO Low Earth (SSO) Remote sensing In orbit Operational
7 December
23:53
United States Delta IV M+ (5,4) United States Cape Canaveral SLC-37B United States United Launch Alliance
United States USA-272 / WGS-8 US Air Force Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
9 December
13:26:47
Japan H-IIB F6 Japan Tanegashima LA-Y2 Japan MHI
Japan HTV-6 JAXA Low Earth (ISS) ISS logistics 5 February 2017
15:06
Successful
Japan EGG UTokyo Low Earth Technology demonstration / Re-entry Demonstration 15 May 2017[48] Successful
Italy TuPOD GAUSS Srl Low Earth TubeSat Deployment / Amateur radio 8 September 2017[49] Successful
Singapore/Japan AOBA-VELOX 3 NTU / Kyutech Low Earth Technology demonstration 1 November 2018[50] Successful
Japan STARS C Kagawa University Low Earth Technology demonstration 3 March 2018[51] Successful
Japan FREEDOM Nakashimada Engineering Works / Tohoku University Low Earth Technology demonstration 5 February 2017[52] Successful
Japan ITF-2 University of Tsukuba Low Earth Technology demonstration 3 January 2019[53] Successful
Japan Waseda-SAT 3 Waseda University Low Earth Technology demonstration 6 October 2018[54] Successful
United States OSNSAT Open Space Network Low Earth Technology demonstration 11 January 2018[55] Successful
Brazil Tancredo-1 Escola Municipal Presidente Tancredo de Almeida Neves/INPE Low Earth Technology demonstration 18 October 2017[56] Successful
United States TechEdSat 5 SJSU/UI Low Earth Technology demonstration 29 July 2017[57] Successful
United States Lemur-2 × 4 Spire Global Low Earth AIS First: 15 April 2018[58]
Last: 5 December 2018[59]
Successful
CubeSats to be deployed at a later date. Tancredo-1 and OSNSAT are carried inside TuPOD and to be deployed from it. STARS-C was deployed on 19 December 2016. ITF-2, WASEDA-SAT3, FREEDOM, EGG, AOBA-Velox III, and TuPOD were deployed on 16 January 2017.[43] Tancredo-1 and OSNSAT were released from TuPOD on 19 January 2017.[44] Lemur-2 and TechEdSat-5 were deployed on 6–7 March 2017.[45][46][47]
10 December
16:11:00
China Long March 3B China Xichang LC-3 China CASC
China Fengyun 4A CMA Geosynchronous Meteorology In orbit Operational
15 December
13:37:21
United States Pegasus-XL United States Stargazer, Cape Canaveral United States Orbital ATK
United States CYGNSS x 8 NASA Low Earth Meteorology In orbit Operational
18 December
19:13
United States Atlas V 431 AV-071 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-41 United States United Launch Alliance
United States EchoStar 19 HughesNet Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
20 December
11:00
Japan Epsilon Epsilon-2[60] Japan Uchinoura Japan JAXA
Japan Arase (ERG) JAXA Medium Earth (elliptical) Magnetospherics In orbit Operational
21 December
19:22
China Long March 2D China Jiuquan LA-4/SLS-2 China CASC
China TanSat[61] CAS Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation In orbit Operational
China Spark x 2 CAS Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation In orbit Operational
21 December
20:30
Europe Ariane 5 ECA VA234 France Kourou ELA-3 France Arianespace
Brazil Star One D1 Star One Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
Japan JCSAT-15 JSAT Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
28 December
03:23:56
China Long March 2D China Taiyuan China CASC
China SuperView / Gaojing-1 01 Beijing Space View Technology Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation In orbit Partial launch failure;
Operational
China SuperView / Gaojing-1 02 Beijing Space View Technology Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation In orbit Partial launch failure;
Operational
China Bayi Kepu 1 China Association for Science and Technology Low Earth (SSO) Technology demonstration 18 February 2017[63] Partial launch failure;
Successful
Launch vehicle problem deployed satellites in a lower than planned orbit. SuperView satellites raising their own orbits, but CubeSats cannot so may have short lifespan.[62]

Suborbital flights

Date and time (UTC) Rocket Flight number Launch site LSP
Payload
(⚀ = CubeSat)
Operator Orbit Function Decay (UTC) Outcome
Remarks
15 January
03:00:00
Japan S-310 Japan Uchinoura Japan JAXA
Japan TPU / TU / TU / KU / JAXA Suborbital Ionospheric research 15 January Successful
Apogee: 161 kilometres (100 mi)[64]
22 January United States New Shepard United States Corn Ranch United States Blue Origin
United States New Shepard crew capsule Blue Origin Suborbital Test flight 22 January Successful
Apogee: 101.7 kilometres (63.2 mi)[65]
23 January
08:30
Brazil VSB-30 Sweden Esrange Europe EuroLaunch
Germany / Europe TEXUS-53 DLR / ESA Suborbital Microgravity 23 January Successful
Apogee: 252 kilometres (157 mi)
28 January United States SRALT? United States C-17, Pacific Ocean United States MDA
MDA Suborbital ABM target 28 January Successful
Apogee: 300 kilometres (190 mi), CTV-02+ target
28 January United States Ground Based Interceptor United States Vandenberg LF-23 United States MDA
MDA Suborbital ABM test 28 January Successful
CTV-02+, successful test flight, the CE-II kill vehicle performed scripted maneuvers to demonstrate performance of alternate divert thrusters. Upon entering terminal phase, the kill vehicle initiated a planned burn sequence to evaluate the alternate divert thrusters until fuel was exhausted, intentionally precluding an intercept.
2 February
21:09
Brazil VS-30 Sweden Esrange Sweden SSC
Sweden SPIDER/LEEWAVES SSC Suborbital Technology 2 February Successful
Apogee: 138 kilometres (86 mi)
21 February
07:34
United States LGM-30G Minuteman III United States Vandenberg LF-09 United States US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Test flight 21 February Successful
GT217GM, Apogee: ~1,300 kilometres (810 mi) ?
22 February
04:15
Canada Black Brant IX United States White Sands United States NASA
United States CHESS-2 LASP Suborbital Astronomy 22 February Successful
Apogee: 309 kilometres (192 mi)
26 February
07:01
United States LGM-30G Minuteman III United States Vandenberg LF-10 United States US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Test flight 26 February Successful
GT218GM, Apogee: ~1,300 kilometres (810 mi) ?
1 March
14:50
United States Terrier Malemute United States Wallops Island United States NASA
United States MUSIC West Virginia University Suborbital Technology experiments 1 March Successful
Apogee: ~185 kilometers (115 mi)[66]
7 March
12:05
United States Terrier Orion United States Wallops Island United States NASA
United States SOAREX-9 NASA Ames Suborbital Technology experiment 7 March Successful
United States RadPC Montana State University Suborbital Technology experiment 7 March Successful
United States VIP Controlled Dynamics Suborbital Technology experiment 7 March Successful
Apogee: ~159 kilometers (99 mi)
7 March India K-4 India Visakhapatnam India Indian Navy
Indian Navy Suborbital Missile test 7 March Successful
Apogee: 500 km?
8 March IranShahab-3 IranIran IranIRGC
IRGC Suborbital Missile test 8 March Successful
Apogee: ~150 kilometres (93 mi)
14 March India Agni-I India Integrated Test Range India IDRDL
IDRDL Suborbital Missile test 14 March Successful
Apogee: ~500 kilometres (310 mi)?
14 March United States UGM-133 Trident II D5 United States Submarine, ETR United States US Navy
US Navy Suborbital Missile test 14 March Successful
Follow-on Commander's Evaluation Test 52
15 March United States UGM-133 Trident II D5 United States Submarine, ETR United States US Navy
US Navy Suborbital Missile test 15 March Successful
Follow-on Commander's Evaluation Test 52
16 March United States UGM-133 Trident II D5 United States Submarine, ETR United States US Navy
US Navy Suborbital Missile test 16 March Successful
Follow-on Commander's Evaluation Test 52
31 March India K-4 India INS Arihant India Indian Navy
Indian Navy Suborbital Missile test 31 March Successful
First K-4 launch from a submarine[67]
2 April
15:18
United States New Shepard United States Corn Ranch United States Blue Origin
United States New Shepard crew capsule Blue Origin Suborbital Test flight 2 April Successful
United States BORE Southwest Research Institute Suborbital Microgravity experiment 2 April Successful
United States COLLIDE University of Central Florida Suborbital Microgravity experiment 2 April Successful
Apogee: 103.8 kilometers (64.5 mi). Third successful booster landing of the same rocket.[68]
19 April
06:41
Russia UR-100NU Russia Yasniy Russia RVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test 19 April Successful
Yu-71 Hypersonic Vehicle Test, Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)?
26 April
17:00
China Tianying 3F China Hainan China CNSA
China Kunpeng-1B CSSAR Suborbital Environment monitoring 26 April Successful
Apogee: 316 kilometres (196 mi)
18 May
00:45
Brazil VS-30/Improved Orion Australia Woomera Test Range Australia DSTO
Australia HiFire-5B DSTO Suborbital Technology 18 May Successful
Apogee: 278 kilometres (173 mi)
18 May
07:02
United States MRBM-T3 United States Kauai United States MDA
MDA Suborbital Radar target 18 May Successful
Medium Range Ballistic Missile Target, Aegis radar target FTX-21, apogee: 300 kilometres (190 mi)?
25 May United States RIM-161 Standard Missile 3-IB United StatesUSS Hopper, Kauai United StatesUS Navy
US Navy Suborbital Test flight 25 May Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)?
26 May United States RIM-161 Standard Missile 3-IB United StatesUSS Hopper, Kauai United StatesUS Navy
US Navy Suborbital Test flight 26 May Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)?
1 June
19:00
Canada Black Brant IX United States White Sands United States NASA
United States EVE CU Boulder Suborbital SDO calibration 1 June Successful
Apogee: 290 kilometres (180 mi)
19 June
14:35
United States New Shepard United States Corn Ranch United States Blue Origin
United States New Shepard crew capsule Blue Origin Suborbital Test flight 19 June Successful
United States Capillary Flow Experiment Purdue University School of Aeronautics and Astronautics Suborbital Microgravity experiment 19 June Successful
United States EITIC Louisiana State University Suborbital Microgravity experiment 19 June Successful
Germany MEDEA Braunschweig University of Technology Suborbital Microgravity experiment 19 June Successful
Apogee: 101 kilometers (62.8 mi). Fourth successful booster landing of the same rocket.
24 June
10:06
United States Terrier Improved Orion United States Wallops Island United States NASA
United States RockOn/RockSat-C CU Boulder Suborbital Student experiments 24 June Successful
Apogee: ~119 kilometres (74 mi)
30 June
09:43
United States Improved Malemute Norway Andøya Norway Andøya
Norway MaxiDusty 1 Oslo/Andøya Suborbital Atmospheric Science 30 June Successful
Apogee: 115 kilometres (71 mi)
? June United StatesUGM-133 Trident II D5 United KingdomHMS Vengeance United Kingdom Royal Navy
Royal Navy Suborbital Missile test ? June Launch failure
1 July
07:18
France M51 France Le Triomphant, Audierne Bay France DGA/Marine nationale
DGA/Marine nationale Suborbital Test flight 1 July Successful
Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)?
8 July
13:01
United States Improved Malemute Norway Andøya Norway Andøya
Norway MaxiDusty 1b Oslo/Andøya Suborbital Atmospheric Science 8 July Successful
Apogee: 117 kilometres (73 mi)
11 July Iran Khorramshahr Iran Semnan Iran AFIRI
AFIRI Suborbital Missile test 11 July Launch failure
19 July
04:05
United States Terrier Improved Orion Sweden Esrange Germany DLR
Germany ROTEX-T DLR Suborbital Technology 19 July Successful
Apogee: 182 kilometres (113 mi)
27 July
18:26
Canada Black Brant IX United States White Sands United States NASA
United States Hi-C NASA/MSFC Suborbital Solar research 27 July Spacecraft failure
Apogee: 250 kilometres (160 mi)
17 August
11:33
United States Terrier-Improved Malemute United States Wallops Island United States NASA
United States Rocksat-X University of Colorado Boulder Suborbital Student Research 17 August Successful
Apogee: ~153 kilometres (95 mi)
25 August Russia RS-24 Yars? Russia Plesetsk Russia RVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test 25 August Launch failure
31 August United States UGM-133 Trident II D5 United StatesUSS Maryland, ETR United States US Navy
US Navy Suborbital Missile test 31 August Successful
5 September
09:10
United States LGM-30G Minuteman III United States Vandenberg LF-04 United States US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Test flight 5 September Successful
GT219GM, Apogee: ~1,300 kilometres (810 mi) ?
9 September Russia RS-12M Topol Russia Plesetsk Russia RVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test 9 September Successful
27 September Russia RSM-56 Bulava Russia K-535 Yury Dolgorukiy, White Sea Russia VMF
VMF Suborbital Missile test 27 September Successful
27 September Russia RSM-56 Bulava Russia K-535 Yury Dolgorukiy, White Sea Russia VMF
VMF Suborbital Missile test 27 September Launch failure?
The second missile self destroyed "after completing the first phase of the flight", maybe intentional. It appears to be a normal practice in salvo launches. The missile probably carried mockups instead of working upper stages and warheads to save money.
5 October
15:37
United States New Shepard United States Corn Ranch United States Blue Origin
United States New Shepard crew capsule Blue Origin Suborbital Test flight 5 October Successful
In-flight escape test 45 seconds after launch. Booster unexpectedly survived and reached an apogee of 93.7 kilometres (58.2 mi) before completing its fifth successful landing.
12 October Russia R-29R Volna Russia K-433 Svyatoy Georgiy Pobedonosets, Sea of Okhotsk Russia VMF
VMF Suborbital Missile test 12 October Successful
12 October Russia R-29RMU Sineva Russia K-407 Novomoskovsk, Barents Sea Russia VMF
VMF Suborbital Missile test 12 October Successful
12 October Russia RS-12M Topol Russia Plesetsk Russia RVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test 12 October Successful
25 October
08:58
Russia UR-100NU Russia Yasniy Russia RVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test 25 October Successful
Yu-71 Hypersonic Vehicle Test, Apogee: 1,000 kilometres (620 mi)?
22 November India Agni-I India Integrated Test Range India IDRDL
IDRDL Suborbital Missile test 22 November Successful
Apogee: ~500 kilometres (310 mi)?
6 December IranShahab-3 IranIran IranIRGC
IRGC Suborbital Missile test 6 December Successful
Apogee: ~150 kilometres (93 mi)
8 December China B-611? China Shuangchengzi ChinaPLA
PLA Suborbital ABM target 8 December Successful
Target
8 December China SC-19 China Korla China PLA
PLA Suborbital ABM test 8 December Successful
Interceptor
15 December United States MRBM FTM-27 United States Kauai United States MDA
MDA Suborbital ABM target 15 December Successful
FTM-27 target, successfully intercepted by two SM-6 missiles in low altitude
15 December
16:15
United States Zombi (ATACMS) United States White Sands United States NASA
US Army Suborbital Missile test 15 December Successful
Apogee: 80 kilometres (50 mi)?
26 December
05:35
India Agni V India Integrated Test Range Launch Complex IV India DRDO
DRDO Suborbital Missile test 26 December Successful
Apogee: ~800 kilometres (500 mi)

Deep space rendezvous

Date (UTC) Spacecraft Event Remarks
14 January Mars Express Flyby of Phobos Closest approach: 53 kilometres (33 mi).[69]
15 January[70] Cassini 116th flyby of Titan Closest approach: 3,817 kilometres (2,372 mi).
31 January Cassini 117th flyby of Titan Closest approach: 1,400 kilometres (870 mi).
16 February Cassini 118th flyby of Titan Closest approach: 1,018 kilometres (633 mi).
4 April Cassini 119th flyby of Titan Closest approach: 990 kilometres (615 mi).
6 May Cassini 120th flyby of Titan Closest approach: 971 kilometres (603 mi).
7 June Cassini 121st flyby of Titan Closest approach: 975 kilometres (606 mi).
4 July[71] Juno Orbit injection around Jupiter (jovicentric) First solar-powered Jovian probe, second orbiter.
4 July Mars Express Flyby of Phobos Closest approach: 350 kilometres (220 mi).
25 July Cassini 122nd flyby of Titan Closest approach: 976 kilometres (606 mi).
10 August Cassini 123rd flyby of Titan Closest approach: 1,599 kilometres (994 mi).
27 August Juno 1st perijove of Jupiter Closest approach: 2,600 kilometres (1,600 mi).[72]
26 September Cassini 124th flyby of Titan Closest approach: 1,737 kilometres (1,079 mi).
30 September Rosetta Landing on 67P/Churyumov–Gerasimenko Probe was programmed to deactivate its thrusters and radio transmissions after landing.
19 October Trace Gas Orbiter (ExoMars 2016) Orbit injection around Mars (areocentric)
19 October Schiaparelli (ExoMars 2016) Landing on Mars, Meridiani Planum Probe entered Martian atmosphere intact, but contact was lost 50 seconds before expected landing.[73] NASA's MRO later identified the Schiaparelli crash site at coordinates 2°03′S 6°14′W / 2.05°S 6.24°W / -2.05; -6.24, confirming the loss of the lander.[74]
19 October Juno 2nd perijove Period Reduction Maneuver[75] originally planned, but delayed due to valve issues.[76] The maneuver was later cancelled entirely in favor of remaining in a 53-day orbit.[77]
13 November Cassini 125th flyby of Titan Closest approach: 1,582 kilometres (983 mi).
16 November Mars Express Flyby of Phobos Closest approach: 127 kilometres (79 mi).
29 November Cassini 126th flyby of Titan Closest approach: 3,223 kilometres (2,003 mi).
11 December Juno 3rd perijove

Extra-vehicular activities (EVAs)

Start date/time Duration End time Spacecraft Crew Remarks
15 January
13:48
4 hours 43 minutes 18:31 Expedition 46
ISS Quest
Replaced a failed voltage regulator responsible for shutting down one of the station's eight power channels in November 2015, and routed cables in support of the installation of the International Docking Adaptor. EVA terminated two hours early due to water leakage in Kopra's helmet, but the primary task was accomplished.[78]
3 February
12:55
4 hours 45 minutes 17:40 Expedition 46
ISS Pirs
Deployed a commemorative flash drive, took samples of module exteriors, installed handrails for use in future EVAs, retrieved an astrobiology experiment, deployed a materials science experiment, and tested a tool for applying coatings to module exteriors.[79]
19 August
12:04
5 hours 58 minutes 18:02 Expedition 48
ISS Quest
The astronauts installed the International Docking Adapter (IDA) which was delivered by Dragon CRS-9, allowing future commercial crew spacecraft to dock with the station. This first IDA was attached to Harmony's forward port, over the existing Pressurized Mating Adapter (PMA).[80][81] The EVA terminated after completing the primary objective, without completing the secondary objectives, due to a malfunction of the right earphone of Jeff Williams.
1 September
11:53
6 hours 48 minutes 18:41 Expedition 48
ISS Quest
The crew retracted a thermal radiator which is a backup, and then installed the first pair of several high-definition cameras to monitor the traffic around the station. Then they have performed some maintenance operations.[82]

Space debris events

Date/Time (UTC) Source object Event type Pieces tracked Remarks
26 March 01:42[83] Hitomi Satellite breakup 10[84] JAXA lost communications with the freshly launched telescope during its early commissioning phase. Meanwhile, JspOC observed 5 then 10 pieces of debris diverging from the satellite, one of them comparably sized to the main spacecraft by radar signature.[85]

Hitomi itself went into a tumble and sent short intermittent communications. The tumble was caused by a failure of the inertial reference unit mistakenly reporting the spacecraft to be spinning. As the attitude control system attempted to correct the non-existent spin, the unnecessary correction itself is believed to have caused the subsuqent failures, ultimately leading to the loss of the spacecraft, 28 April. [86][87][15]

In a twist of fate, one of the secondary payloads traveling with Hitomi was ChubuSat-3, a microsatellite dedicated to monitoring global warming effects and space debris.[88]

1 June 09:20 [89] SL-12 R/B (#33473) Booster breakup 20+ [89] An ullage motor, part of a Russian Proton-M rocket that was launched in December 2008, exploded for unknown reasons.[90]

Orbital launch statistics

By country

For the purposes of this section, the yearly tally of orbital launches by country assigns each flight to the country of origin of the rocket, not to the launch services provider or the spaceport. For example, Soyuz launches by Arianespace in Kourou are counted under Russia because Soyuz-2 is a Russian rocket.

China: 22Europe: 9India: 7Israel: 1Japan: 4North Korea: 1Russia: 19USA: 22Circle frame.svg
Country Launches Successes Failures Partial
failures
Remarks
 China 22 20 1 1
 Europe 9 9 0 0
 India 7 7 0 0
 Israel 1 1 0 0
 Japan 4 4 0 0
 North Korea 1 1 0 0
 Russia 19 18 1 0 Includes two European Soyuz launches from Kourou, French Guiana by Arianespace
 United States 22 22 0 0 +1 pre-launch failure (Amos 6 / Falcon 9)
World 85 82 2 1

By rocket

5
10
15
20
25
30
Ariane
Atlas
Delta
Falcon
H-II
Long March
R-7
SLV
UR
Vega
Others

By family

By type

By configuration

By spaceport

5
10
15
20
25
30
China
France
India
Israel
Japan
Kazakhstan
North Korea
Russia
United States
Site Country Launches Successes Failures Partial failures Remarks
Baikonur  Kazakhstan 11 10 1 0
Cape Canaveral  United States 18 18 0 0 1 Pre-launch failure
Jiuquan  China 9 9 0 0
Kourou  France 11 11 0 0
MARS  United States 1 1 0 0
Palmachim  Israel 1 1 0 0
Plesetsk  Russia 5 5 0 0
Satish Dhawan  India 7 7 0 0
Sohae  North Korea 1 1 0 0
Taiyuan  China 4 2 1 1
Tanegashima  Japan 3 3 0 0