2019 Asturian regional election

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All 45 seats in the General Junta of the Principality of Asturias
23 seats needed for a majority
Opinion polls
Registered973,737
1.4%
Turnout536,734 (55.1%)
0.7 pp
  First party Second party Third party
 
Leader Adrián Barbón Teresa Mallada Juan Vázquez
Party PSOE PP Cs
Leader since 17 September 2017 11 January 2019 2 March 2019
Leader's seat Central Central Central
Last election 14 seats, 26.5% 11 seats, 21.6% 3 seats, 7.1%
Seats won 20 10 5
Seat change
6
1
2
Popular vote 187,462 93,147 74,271
Percentage 35.3% 17.5% 14.0%
Swing
8.8 pp
4.1 pp
6.9 pp

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
 
Leader Lorena Gil Ángela Vallina Carmen Moriyón
Party Podemos Asturies IUIAS FAC
Leader since 27 November 2018 10 March 2019 29 September 2018
Leader's seat Central Central Central
Last election 9 seats, 19.1% 5 seats, 11.9% 3 seats, 8.2%
Seats won 4 2 2
Seat change
5
3
1
Popular vote 58,674 35,174 34,687
Percentage 11.0% 6.6% 6.5%
Swing
8.1 pp
5.3 pp
1.7 pp

  Seventh party
 
Leader Ignacio Blanco
Party Vox
Leader since 13 April 2015
Leader's seat Central
Last election 0 seats, 0.6%
Seats won 2
Seat change
2
Popular vote 34,210
Percentage 6.4%
Swing
5.8 pp

Constituency results map for the General Junta of the Principality of Asturias

President before election

Javier Fernández
PSOE

Elected President

Adrián Barbón
PSOE

The 2019 Asturian regional election was held on Sunday, 26 May 2019, to elect the 11th General Junta of the Principality of Asturias. All 45 seats in the General Junta were up for election. The election was held simultaneously with regional elections in eleven other autonomous communities and local elections all throughout Spain, as well as the 2019 European Parliament election.

Overview

Electoral system

The General Junta of the Principality of Asturias was the devolved, unicameral legislature of the autonomous community of Asturias, having legislative power in regional matters as defined by the Spanish Constitution and the Asturian Statute of Autonomy, as well as the ability to vote confidence in or withdraw it from a regional president.[1]

Voting for the General Junta was on the basis of universal suffrage, which comprised all nationals over eighteen, registered in Asturias and in full enjoyment of their political rights. Additionally, Asturians abroad were required to apply for voting before being permitted to vote, a system known as "begged" or expat vote (Spanish: Voto rogado).[2] The 45 members of the General Junta of the Principality of Asturias were elected using the D'Hondt method and a closed list proportional representation, with an electoral threshold of three percent of valid votes—which included blank ballots—being applied in each constituency. Seats were allocated to constituencies, which were established as follows:

Each constituency was allocated an initial minimum of two seats, with the remaining 39 being distributed in proportion to their populations.[3]

The use of the D'Hondt method might result in a higher effective threshold, depending on the district magnitude.[4]

Election date

The term of the General Junta of the Principality of Asturias expired four years after the date of its previous election. Elections to the General Junta were fixed for the fourth Sunday of May every four years. The previous election was held on 24 May 2015, setting the election date for the General Junta on Sunday, 26 May 2019.[1][3][5]

The president had the prerogative to dissolve the General Junta and call a snap election, provided that no motion of no confidence was in process, no nationwide election was due and some time requirements were met: namely, that dissolution did not occur either during the first legislative session or within the legislature's last year ahead of its scheduled expiry, nor before one year had elapsed since a previous dissolution under this procedure. In the event of an investiture process failing to elect a regional president within a two-month period from the first ballot, the General Junta was to be automatically dissolved and a fresh election called. Any snap election held as a result of these circumstances would not alter the period to the next ordinary election, with elected deputies merely serving out what remained of their four-year terms.[1]

Parliamentary composition

Further information: 10th General Junta of the Principality of Asturias

The General Junta of the Principality of Asturias was officially dissolved on 2 April 2019, after the publication of the dissolution decree in the Official Gazette of the Principality of Asturias.[6] The table below shows the composition of the parliamentary groups in the General Junta at the time of dissolution.[7]

Parliamentary composition in April 2019[8]
Groups Parties Legislators
Seats Total
Socialist Parliamentary Group PSOE 14 14
People's Parliamentary Group PP 11 11
We Can Asturias Parliamentary Group Podemos 9 9
United Left Parliamentary Group IU/IX 5 5
Asturias Forum Parliamentary Group FAC 3 3
Citizens Parliamentary Group Cs 3 3

Parties and candidates

The electoral law allowed for parties and federations registered in the interior ministry, coalitions and groupings of electors to present lists of candidates. Parties and federations intending to form a coalition ahead of an election were required to inform the relevant Electoral Commission within ten days of the election call, whereas groupings of electors needed to secure the signature of at least one percent of the electorate in the constituencies for which they sought election, disallowing electors from signing for more than one list of candidates.[3][5]

Below is a list of the main parties and electoral alliances which contested the election:

Candidacy Parties and
alliances
Leading candidate Ideology Previous result Gov. Ref.
Votes (%) Seats
PSOE
Adrián Barbón Social democracy 26.48% 14 checkY [9]
PP
List
Teresa Mallada Conservatism
Christian democracy
21.59% 11 ☒N [10]
Podemos
Asturies
List
Lorena Gil Left-wing populism
Direct democracy
Democratic socialism
19.06% 9 ☒N [11]
IUIAS
Ángela Vallina Socialism
Communism
11.94% 5 ☒N [12]
[13]
FAC
List
Carmen Moriyón Regionalism
Conservatism
8.19% 3 ☒N [14]
Cs
Juan Vázquez Liberalism 7.12% 3 ☒N [15]
Vox
List
Ignacio Blanco Right-wing populism
Ultranationalism
National conservatism
0.59% 0 ☒N [16]
[17]

Campaign

Party slogans

Party or alliance Slogan (Spanish) Slogan (Asturian) English translation Ref.
PSOE « La mejor Asturias » « La meyor Asturies » "The best Asturias" [18]
PP « Ilusión por Asturias »
« Centrados en tu futuro »
« Ilusión por Asturies »
« Centraos nel to futuru »
"Illusion for Asturias"
"Focused on your future"
[19][20]
Podemos « Asturias en tus manos » « Asturies nes tos manes » "Asturias in your hands" [21]
IUIAS « Asturias por la izquierda » « Asturies pela izquierda » "Asturias by the left" [22]
Cs « La Asturias de las oportunidades »
« Sí, tú eres la oportunidad de Asturias »
« L'Asturies de les oportunidaes »
« Sí, tu yes la oportunidá d'Asturies »
"The Asturias of opportunities"
"Yes, you are the opportunity of Asturias"
[23]
FAC « Con Carmen Moriyón, Asturias cambia y avanza » « Con Carmen Moriyón, Asturies camuda y avanza » "With Carmen Moriyón, Asturias changes and advances" [24]
Vox « Tu voz en Asturias » « La to voz n'Asturies » "Your voice in Asturias" [25]

Election debates

2019 Asturian regional election debates
Date Organisers Moderator(s)     P  Present[a]    S  Surrogate[b]    NI  Not invited   A  Absent invitee 
PSOE PP Podemos IUIAS FAC Cs Vox Audience Ref.
20 May RTPA Nacho Monserrat P
Barbón
P
Mallada
P
Gil
P
Vallina
P
Moriyón
P
Vázquez
P
Blanco
6.9%
(24,000)
[26][27]

Opinion polls

The table below lists voting intention estimates in reverse chronological order, showing the most recent first and using the dates when the survey fieldwork was done, as opposed to the date of publication. Where the fieldwork dates are unknown, the date of publication is given instead. The highest percentage figure in each polling survey is displayed with its background shaded in the leading party's colour. If a tie ensues, this is applied to the figures with the highest percentages. The "Lead" column on the right shows the percentage-point difference between the parties with the highest percentages in a poll. When available, seat projections determined by the polling organisations are displayed below (or in place of) the percentages in a smaller font; 23 seats were required for an absolute majority in the General Junta of the Principality of Asturias.

Color key:

  Poll conducted after legal ban on opinion polls

Results

Overall

Summary of the 26 May 2019 General Junta of the Principality of Asturias election results
Parties and alliances Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 187,462 35.26 +8.78 20 +6
People's Party (PP) 93,147 17.52 –4.07 10 –1
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (Cs) 74,271 13.97 +6.85 5 +2
We Can Asturias (Podemos Asturies) 58,674 11.04 –8.02 4 –5
United LeftAsturian Left: Asturias by the Left (IU–IAS) 35,174 6.62 –5.32 2 –3
Forum of Citizens (FAC) 34,687 6.52 –1.67 2 –1
Vox (Vox) 34,210 6.43 +5.84 2 +2
Animalist Party Against Mistreatment of Animals (PACMA) 3,426 0.64 –0.09 0 ±0
GreensEquo (V–Q) 2,128 0.40 +0.03 0 ±0
Andecha Astur (Andecha) 1,584 0.30 +0.12 0 ±0
Communist Party of the Workers of Spain (PCTE) 1,083 0.20 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 5,858 1.10 –0.79
Total 531,704 45 ±0
Valid votes 531,704 99.06 +0.48
Invalid votes 5,030 0.94 –0.48
Votes cast / turnout 536,734 55.12 –0.67
Abstentions 437,003 44.88 +0.67
Registered voters 973,737
Sources[7][28]
Popular vote
PSOE
35.26%
PP
17.52%
Cs
13.97%
Podemos Ast.
11.04%
IUIAS
6.62%
FAC
6.52%
Vox
6.43%
Others
1.55%
Blank ballots
1.10%
Seats
PSOE
44.44%
PP
22.22%
Cs
11.11%
Podemos Ast.
8.89%
IUIAS
4.44%
FAC
4.44%
Vox
4.44%

Distribution by constituency

Constituency PSOE PP Cs Podemos IUIAS FAC Vox
% S % S % S % S % S % S % S
Central 33.9 13 16.1 6 14.9 5 11.8 4 7.2 2 6.5 2 6.8 2
Eastern 40.5 3 22.2 2 10.5 7.8 3.3 8.9 5.1
Western 41.5 4 24.7 2 9.5 7.6 4.9 5.2 4.4
Total 35.3 20 17.5 10 14.0 5 11.0 4 6.6 2 6.5 2 6.4 2
Sources[7][28]

Aftermath

Further information: Government of Adrián Barbón

Just after the election, Asturias Forum candidate Carmen Moriyón renounced to take her seat in the General Junta, but continued as president of the party.[29]

On 24 June 2019, the day of the constitution of the 11th General Junta, Juan Vázquez resigned as regional Cs spokesman due to divergences with the national leadership of the party.[30]

Investiture
Ballot → 12 July 2019 15 July 2019
Required majority → 23 out of 45 Simple
22 / 45
☒N
22 / 45
checkY
Abstentions
23 / 45
23 / 45
Absentees
0 / 45
0 / 45
Sources[7][31][32]

Notes

  1. ^ Denotes a main invitee attending the event.
  2. ^ Denotes a main invitee not attending the event, sending a surrogate in their place.
  3. ^ a b c d Within Unidas Podemos.
  4. ^ a b c Within PP.

References

Opinion poll sources
  1. ^ "#emojiPanel Asturias (24M)". Electomanía (in Spanish). 24 May 2019.
  2. ^ "#emojiPanel Asturias (23M)". Electomanía (in Spanish). 23 May 2019.
  3. ^ "#emojiPanel Asturias (22M)". Electomanía (in Spanish). 22 May 2019.
  4. ^ "#emojiPanel Asturias (21M)". Electomanía (in Spanish). 21 May 2019.
  5. ^ "El PSOE gana en Madrid, pero la suma de PP, Cs y Vox lo aleja de Sol". La Razón (in Spanish). 20 May 2019.
  6. ^ "Resultados por comunidades. Encuesta mayo 2019" (PDF). La Razón (in Spanish). 20 May 2019. Archived from the original (PDF) on 20 May 2019. Retrieved 20 May 2019.
  7. ^ "Encuesta electoral: Ajustada batalla entre bloques el 26-M". La Razón (in Spanish). 20 May 2019.
  8. ^ "El PSOE gana en Asturias con 18 diputados, empate técnico de PP y Cs, y Vox supera a IU". La Nueva España (in Spanish). 19 May 2019.
  9. ^ "Encuesta mayo 2019". La Nueva España (in Spanish). 19 May 2019.
  10. ^ "#emojiPanel Asturias (20M)". Electomanía (in Spanish). 20 May 2019.
  11. ^ "#electoPanel Asturias (17M): el PP de Mallada deja el pozu y sorpassa a Ciudadanos. El PSOE catapultado roza el 32%". Electomanía (in Spanish). 17 May 2019.
  12. ^ "La amplia victoria del PSOE le permitiría pactar con la izquierda o con Ciudadanos". El Comercio (in Spanish). 19 May 2019.
  13. ^ "#electoPanel Asturias (14M): Podemos escancia un escaño que salpica al PSOE". Electomanía (in Spanish). 14 May 2019.
  14. ^ "#electoPanel Asturias (11M): el PSOE de Barbón supera el 30%". Electomanía (in Spanish). 11 May 2019.
  15. ^ "#electoPanel Asturias (8M): Vox empata a Podemos, la izquierda conserva el Gobierno". Electomanía (in Spanish). 8 May 2019.
  16. ^ "ElectoPanel Asturias (5M): Vázquez (Cs) da el sorpasso a Mallada (PP) mientras Barbón (PSOE) sigue subiendo". Electomanía (in Spanish). 5 May 2019.
  17. ^ "La simulación de las autonómicas: ganaría el PSOE con opción de elegir entre Cs y la izquierda". La Nueva España (in Spanish). 30 April 2019.
  18. ^ "Estimaciones de voto en Comunidades Autónomas y grandes ciudades (Estudio nº 3245. Marzo-abril 2019)" (PDF). CIS (in Spanish). 9 May 2019.
  19. ^ "ElectoPanel autonómico (12A): las mayorías siguen en el aire". Electomanía (in Spanish). 12 April 2019.
  20. ^ "ElectoPanel autonómicas (3A): Ciudadanos decidirá el bloque ganador en la mayoría de CCAA". Electomanía (in Spanish). 3 April 2019.
  21. ^ "ElectoPanel autonómico (27M). Semana de retrocesos para Vox". Electomanía (in Spanish). 27 March 2019.
  22. ^ "ElectoPanel Autonómico (20M): 'Navarra Suma' (PP-Cs-UPN) no suma para recuperar el Gobierno Foral". Electomanía (in Spanish). 20 March 2019.
  23. ^ "ElectoPanel autonómico 13M: el PSOE es el más votado, pero la derecha suma en la mayoría de CCAA". Electomanía (in Spanish). 13 March 2019.
  24. ^ "ElectoPanel autonómico: la irrupción de Vox en casi todas las CCAA posibilitaría a la derecha gobernar la mayoría de ellas". Electomanía (in Spanish). 6 March 2019.
  25. ^ "Derecha e izquierda, muy ajustadas". La Nueva España (in Spanish). 3 January 2019.
  26. ^ "Derecha e izquierda, muy ajustadas". asturias24horas (in Spanish). 3 January 2019.
  27. ^ "ElectoPanel Asturias (II): complicada aritmética electoral con opciones para la derecha". Electomanía (in Spanish). 22 December 2018.
  28. ^ "Estimación Marzo 2018. Principado de Asturias. Autonómicas 2019". SyM Consulting (in Spanish). 20 March 2018.
  29. ^ "ASTURIAS. Elecciones autonómicas. Sondeo SyM Consulting. Marzo 2018". Electograph (in Spanish). 20 March 2018.
  30. ^ "Primer sondeo electoral". Asturbarómetro (in Spanish). 4 February 2018.
  31. ^ "Pronóstico intención de voto elecciones autonómicas de Asturias 2019". Asturbarómetro (in Spanish). 4 February 2018.
  32. ^ "Encuesta electoral, la intención de voto en Asturias (I)". AsturiasDiario (in Spanish). 28 May 2017.
Other
  1. ^ a b c "Ley Orgánica 7/1981, de 30 de diciembre, de Estatuto de Autonomía del Principado de Asturias". Organic Law No. 7 of 30 December 1981. Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Retrieved 14 March 2017.
  2. ^ Reig Pellicer, Naiara (16 December 2015). "Spanish elections: Begging for the right to vote". cafebabel.co.uk. Retrieved 17 July 2017.
  3. ^ a b c "Ley 14/1986, de 26 de diciembre, sobre régimen de elecciones a la Junta General del Principado de Asturias". Law No. 14 of 26 December 1986. Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Retrieved 14 March 2017.
  4. ^ Gallagher, Michael (30 July 2012). "Effective threshold in electoral systems". Trinity College, Dublin. Archived from the original on 30 July 2017. Retrieved 22 July 2017.
  5. ^ a b "Ley Orgánica 5/1985, de 19 de junio, del Régimen Electoral General". Organic Law No. 5 of 19 June 1985. Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Retrieved 30 January 2020.
  6. ^ "Decreto 7/2019, de 1 de abril, del Presidente del Principado, por el que se convocan elecciones a la Junta General del Principado de Asturias" (PDF). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish) (79): 34001–34002. 2 April 2019. ISSN 0212-033X.
  7. ^ a b c d "Elecciones a la Junta General del Principado de Asturias (1983 - 2019)". Historia Electoral.com (in Spanish). Retrieved 15 August 2019.
  8. ^ "Junta General del Principado de Asturias. Los diputados del Parlamento Asturiano desde 1982". General Junta of the Principality of Asturias (in Spanish). Retrieved 5 February 2022.
  9. ^ "Adrián Barbón, proclamado candidato de la FSA-PSOE a la presidencia del Principado". Europa Press (in Spanish). 30 May 2018. Retrieved 18 January 2019.
  10. ^ "Teresa Mallada será la candidata del PP por Asturias en las próximas elecciones autonómicas". Europa Press (in Spanish). 8 January 2019. Retrieved 18 January 2019.
  11. ^ "La diputada Lorena Gil, candidata de Podemos a la presidencia del Principado". Cadena SER (in Spanish). 27 November 2018. Retrieved 18 January 2019.
  12. ^ "Llamazares da "un paso atrás" en IU de Asturias para no provocar "una ruptura"". La Nueva España (in Spanish). 16 January 2019. Retrieved 18 January 2019.
  13. ^ "Ángela Vallina gana las primarias de IU". La Voz de Asturias (in Spanish). 10 March 2019. Retrieved 10 March 2019.
  14. ^ "La alcaldesa de Gijón, Carmen Moriyón, nueva presidenta de Foro". eldiario.es (in Spanish). 29 September 2018. Retrieved 18 January 2019.
  15. ^ "Las primarias ratifican a Juan Vázquez como candidato de Ciudadanos". La Voz de Asturias (in Spanish). 2 March 2019. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  16. ^ "Ignacio Blanco, candidato de VOX en Asturias". Europa Press (in Spanish). 13 April 2015. Retrieved 25 May 2019.
  17. ^ "Ignacio Blanco será el candidato de Vox en Asturias en las elecciones autonómicas". El Comercio (in Spanish). 15 December 2018. Retrieved 25 May 2019.
  18. ^ Cembranos, T. (5 May 2019). ""La mejor Asturias", el lema del PSOE para las autonómicas". La Nueva España (in Spanish). Retrieved 2 February 2021.
  19. ^ "'Ilusión por Asturias' lema de campaña de Mallada (PP)". 20 Minutos (in Spanish). Europa Press. 8 April 2019. Retrieved 2 February 2021.
  20. ^ Cuesta, Carlos (30 April 2019). ""Centrados en tu futuro": el lema del PP para las elecciones municipales y autonómicas". Ok Diario (in Spanish). Retrieved 2 February 2021.
  21. ^ ""Asturias necesita una sacudida que la saque de esta inercia", asegura Lorena Gil (Podemos)". 20 Minutos (in Spanish). Europa Press. 8 May 2019. Retrieved 2 February 2021.
  22. ^ "IU pide a Llamazares que renuncie a Actúa si quiere formar parte de las listas para las autonómicas". El Comercio (in Spanish). 19 January 2019.
  23. ^ D. Machargo, Susana (6 May 2019). "Juan Vázquez aspira a mejorar los resultados de Rivera". La Voz de Asturias (in Spanish). Retrieved 2 February 2021.
  24. ^ "Moriyón (Foro) ofrece "diálogo, gestión, innovación y esfuerzo" para lograr los cambios que se necesitan". Europa Press. 7 May 2019. Retrieved 2 February 2021.
  25. ^ "Vox rectifica y da un volantazo a su política de comunicación". El Mundo (in Spanish). 9 May 2019. Retrieved 6 December 2019.
  26. ^ "TPA emitirá el lunes 20 su primer debate televisado entre candidatos autonómicos". Europa Press (in Spanish). 14 May 2019. Retrieved 30 January 2021.
  27. ^ Puelles, Miriam (23 May 2019). "Así se han seguido los debates electorales para el 26M en televisión". La Vanguardia (in Spanish). Retrieved 30 January 2021.((cite news)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  28. ^ a b "General Junta of the Principality of Asturias election results, 26 May 2019" (PDF). www.juntaelectoralcentral.es (in Spanish). Electoral Commission of Asturias. 4 July 2019. Retrieved 29 November 2019.
  29. ^ "Carmen Moriyón renuncia a su escaño pero mantendrá la presidencia de Foro" (in Spanish). El Comercio. 29 May 2015.
  30. ^ "Juan Vázquez (Cs) renuncia a ser diputado autonómico: "Han cambiado las orientaciones de la formación a la que me incorporé"" (in Spanish). La Nueva España. 24 June 2019.
  31. ^ "Barbón no logra la presidencia en la primera votación y deberá esperar al lunes". La Voz de Asturias (in Spanish). 12 July 2019. Retrieved 12 July 2019.
  32. ^ "Adrián Barbón promete gobernar con "osadía" y "sin dejarse ahogar por la vieja Asturias"". El Comercio (in Spanish). 15 July 2019. Retrieved 15 July 2019.