2019 Nobel Peace Prize
Abiy Ahmed
"for his efforts to achieve peace and international cooperation, and in particular for his decisive initiative to resolve the border conflict with neighbouring Eritrea."
Date
LocationOslo, Norway
Presented byNorwegian Nobel Committee
Reward(s)9.0 million SEK (830.000 )
First awarded1901
WebsiteOfficial website
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This article needs to be updated. The reason given is: Needs to include retrospective reactions to his award after the Tigray War began. Please help update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. (October 2022)

The 2019 Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to the prime minister of Ethiopia Abiy Ahmed (b. 1976) "for his efforts to achieve peace and international cooperation, and in particular for his decisive initiative to resolve the border conflict with neighbouring Eritrea."[1] The award was announced by the Norwegian Nobel Committee on 11 October 2019.

One year after Abiy received the prize, he presided over the outbreak of the Tigray War, which saw hundreds of thousands of casualties and led to the displacement of more than 800,000 persons.[2] In response to the outbreak of hostilities, the Norwegian Nobel Committee released a statement in January 2022 which called the humanitarian situation "extremely serious"; said the lack of delivery of humanitarian aid to Tigray was "unacceptable"; and observed that "As Prime Minister and a winner of the Nobel Peace Prize, Abiy Ahmed has a special responsibility to end the conflict and help to create peace."[3]

Since Abiy was awarded the prize, his leadership during Tigray War has been characterized by media organizations such as The Guardian, Der Spiegel, NPR, and CNN as genocidal.[4][5][6][7]

Candidates

Nominations confirmed by the various News Agencies
Image Nominee Country Motivations Nominator(s) Source
Donald Trump (b. 1946)  United States "for his efforts to make peace with North Korea and handling its nuclear program." Luke Messer, member of the American Republican Party [8][9]
Zoran Zaev (b. 1974)  Macedonia "for their efforts to end a 27-year dispute through a historic agreement between their countries." members of the Tunisian National Dialogue Quartet
3 members of the European Parliament
[10][11][12]
Alexis Tsipras (b. 1974)  Greece
Greta Thunberg (b. 2003)  Sweden "for her influential activism to make world leaders open their eyes to global climate crisis." Freddy André Øvstegård, Mona Fagerås, and Lars Haltbrekken, members of the Norwegian Socialist Left Party [13][14][15]
Ilwad Elman (b. 1989)  Somalia
 Canada
"for her work with the Elman Peace and Human Rights Center in Somalia." [16]
Jacinda Ardern (b. 1980)  New Zealand "for her quick response to tackle the situation after the Christchurch terror attack." [17][15]
José Andrés (b. 1969)  Spain
 United States
"for his work on food and hunger humanitarianism, and his disaster relief efforts with World Central Kitchen." John Delaney, member of the American Democratic Party [18][19]
Abiy Ahmed (b. 1976)  Ethiopia "for establishing a peace treaty to end the Eritrean–Ethiopian War." [15]
Raoni Metuktire (b. 1932)  Brazil "for his lifelong efforts to protect nature and the rights of indigenous people in the Amazon." Darcy Ribeiro Foundation [15][20][21]
Bill Richardson (b. 1947)  United States "for decades of work on behalf of hostages and prisoners held in several nations, including North Korea." Tom Udall, member of American Democratic Party [22][23]
Ilham Tohti (b. 1969)  China "for his commitment to peaceful interethnic dialogue between Uyghurs and China's Han majority." members of the U.S. House of Representatives [24]
Mark Kline  United States "for his work with the Baylor International Pediatric AIDS Initiative, the world’s largest provider of HIV/AIDS care and treatment." Texas Children's Hospital [25]
Reporters Without Borders (founded in 1985)  France "for promoting media freedom and protecting journalists around the world." [15]
Foro Penal (founded in 2005)  Venezuela "for their work fighting injustice and being guarantors of freedom for each of the political prisoners arbitrarily detained during the regime of Nicolás Maduro." [26]
Huichol Center for Cultural Survival and the Traditional Arts (founded in 1977)  Mexico " for the lifelong commitment of the center to peacefully preserve a culture and the spiritual connection the Huichol people have with the land." Drugs Peace Institute [27]

Nobel Committee

Tasked with reviewing nominations from September of the previous year through February 1 and ultimately selecting the Prize winners,[28] the members of the Norwegian Nobel Committee for 2019 were:[29]

References

  1. ^ "The Nobel Peace Prize 2019". The Nobel Peace Prize. 11 October 2019. Archived from the original on 12 October 2019. Retrieved 11 October 2019.
  2. ^ "UNICEF Ethiopia Humanitarian Situation Report No. 9 - September 2022 - Ethiopia | ReliefWeb". 29 October 2022.
  3. ^ "The Nobel Peace Prize 2019".
  4. ^ "The Nobel committee should resign over the atrocities in Tigray". The Guardian. 7 June 2021. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 22 February 2024.
  5. ^ Mackintosh, Eliza (3 November 2021). "Ethiopia is at war with itself. Here's what you need to know about the conflict". CNN. Retrieved 22 February 2024.
  6. ^ Schaap, Fritz (28 October 2021). "Ethiopia's Chosen One: A Brutal War Waged By a Nobel Peace Prize Laureate". Der Spiegel. ISSN 2195-1349. Retrieved 22 February 2024.
  7. ^ Abdelfatah, Rund (23 July 2023). "The Hidden War". NPR. Retrieved 22 February 2024.
  8. ^ Suzanne Nguyen (2 May 2018). "House lawmakers nominate Trump for 2019 Nobel Peace prize". king5.com. Retrieved 31 January 2019.
  9. ^ "Abe nominated Trump for Nobel Peace Prize at request of U.S., report says". The Japan Times. 17 February 2019. Retrieved 31 January 2019.
  10. ^ Sinisa Jakov Marusic (17 December 2018). "Macedonian, Greek PMs to be Nominated for Nobel Prize". Balkan Insight. Retrieved 31 January 2019.
  11. ^ "Members of European Parliament nominate Tsipras and Zaev for Nobel Peace Prize". European Western Balkans. 28 January 2019. Retrieved 31 January 2019.
  12. ^ "Macedonian, Greek leaders see Nobel Peace Prize nomination". Associated Press. 18 December 2018. Retrieved 31 January 2019.
  13. ^ Vagianos, Alanna (14 March 2019). "16-Year-Old Climate Activist Greta Thunberg Nominated For Nobel Peace Prize". HuffPost. Archived from the original on 28 March 2019. Retrieved 22 March 2019.
  14. ^ hermesauto (15 March 2019). "Nobel Peace Prize nomination for student climate campaigner Greta Thunberg". The Straits Times. Archived from the original on 23 December 2019. Retrieved 24 December 2019.
  15. ^ a b c d e Rory Sullivan (11 October 2019). "A schoolgirl, a prime minister and an indigenous leader: Meet the Nobel Peace Prize favorites". CNN. Retrieved 11 October 2019.
  16. ^ Magdalene Mukami (28 January 2019). "Somali rights advocate nominated for Nobel Peace Prize". HuffPost. Retrieved 31 January 2019.
  17. ^ "Nobel Peace Prize 2019 favourites: New Zealand's Jacinda Ardern". The National. 9 October 2019. Retrieved 9 October 2019.
  18. ^ Tim Carman (26 November 2018). "José Andrés is nominated for the 2019 Nobel Peace Prize, congressman confirms". The Washington Post. Retrieved 31 January 2019.
  19. ^ Cady Lang (27 November 2018). "Chef José Andrés Nominated for 2019 Nobel Peace Prize". Time. Retrieved 31 January 2019.
  20. ^ Jack Dutton (9 October 2019). "Nobel Peace Prize 2019 favourites: Brazil's Raoni Metuktire". The National. Retrieved 9 October 2019.
  21. ^ Yara Simon (16 September 2019). "Indigenous Chief Raoni Metuktire Nominated for Nobel Peace Prize for Fighting for the Amazon". Remezcla. Retrieved 31 January 2019.
  22. ^ "Former U.N. ambassador Bill Richardson nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize for work in North Korea". Washington Post. 30 January 2019.
  23. ^ "Bill Richardson nominated for Nobel Peace Prize". American Ambassadors Live!. 1 February 2019.
  24. ^ "US Lawmakers Nominate Jailed Uyghur Academic Ilham Tohti to Receive Nobel Peace Prize". Radio Free Asia. 30 January 2019.
  25. ^ "Pediatric AIDS chief doctor steps down at Texas Children's Hospital in Houston". Houston Chronicle. 26 February 2020.
  26. ^ "Foro Penal fue nominado al Premio Nobel de la Paz". VPItv (in Spanish). 24 September 2019. Retrieved 4 October 2023.
  27. ^ "2019 Nobel Peace Prize Nomination". thehuicholcenter.org. Retrieved 31 January 2019.
  28. ^ "News Navigator: Why is the Nobel Peace Prize awarded in Norway?". Mainichi Daily News. 4 December 2018. Retrieved 7 October 2019.
  29. ^ "The Norwegian Nobel Committee". The Nobel Peace Prize. Retrieved 7 October 2019.