|← 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 → |
|Election day||November 8|
|Incumbent president||Joe Biden (Democratic)|
|Seats contested||35 of 100 seats|
|Map of the 2022 Senate races|
Democratic incumbent running Democratic incumbent retiring
Republican incumbent running Republican incumbent retiring
|Seats contested||All 435 voting seats |
+5 of 6 non-voting seats
|Map of the 2022 House races|
Democratic incumbent running Democratic incumbent retiring or not renominated
Republican incumbent running Republican incumbent retiring or not renominated
Democratic and Republican incumbent running
Vacant or new district
|Seats contested||39 (36 states, 3 territories)|
|Map of the 2022 gubernatorial elections|
Democratic incumbent Term-limited or retiring Democrat
Republican incumbent Term-limited or retiring Republican
The 2022 United States elections will be held on Tuesday, November 8, 2022. During this midterm election year, all 435 seats in the House of Representatives and 35 of the 100 seats in the Senate will be contested. Thirty-nine state and territorial gubernatorial and numerous other state and local elections will also be contested. This will be the first election affected by the redistricting that will follow the 2020 census.
Main article: 2022 United States Senate elections
At least 34 of the 100 seats in the Senate will be up for election, including all 34 Class 3 seats. Special elections may also be held to fill vacancies in the other two Senate classes. As senators serve six-year terms, the last regularly scheduled elections for Class 3 senators were held in 2016. The winners of the United States Senate elections will be sworn in on January 3, 2023, for the 118th Congress.
At least two special elections will take place in 2022 to replace senators who resigned during the 117th Congress:
Main article: 2022 United States House of Representatives elections
All 435 voting seats in the House of Representatives will be up for election. As of August 2022, 50 representatives and one non-voting delegate (32 Democrats, 19 Republicans) have announced that they will be retiring. The incumbents in these races were determined in the 2020 House of Representatives elections and subsequent special elections. As these elections will be the first conducted after the post-2020 census redistricting, several districts may lack an incumbent or have multiple incumbents.
Four special elections have already been held for the House of Representatives in 2022:
At least five other special elections will take place in 2022 to replace a member who resigned or died in office during the 117th Congress:
Main article: 2022 United States gubernatorial elections
Elections will be held for the governorships of 36 states and three territories. Special elections may be held for vacancies in the other states and territories if required by the respective state and territorial constitutions. As most governors serve four-year terms, the last regularly-scheduled elections for most seats up for election in 2022 were held in 2018. The governors of New Hampshire and Vermont each serve two-year terms, so incumbents in these two states were determined by the 2020 gubernatorial elections.
Main article: 2022 United States attorney general elections
Attorneys general will be elected in thirty states, three territories, and one federal district. The previous elections for this group of states took place in 2018. The attorney general of Vermont serves two-year terms and was last elected in 2020.
Main article: 2022 United States secretary of state elections
Secretaries of state will be elected in twenty-seven states. The previous elections for this group of states took place in 2018. The secretary of state of Vermont serves two-year terms and was last elected in 2020.
Main article: 2022 United States treasurer elections
State treasurers and equivalents will be elected in twenty-seven states, plus a special election in Utah. The previous elections for this group of states took place in 2018. The treasurer of Vermont serves two-year terms and was last elected in 2020.
Main article: 2022 United States state legislative elections
The vast majority of states and territories will hold legislative elections in 2022. Louisiana, Mississippi, New Jersey, and Virginia will not hold state legislative elections, as those states all hold such elections in odd-numbered years. In states that use staggered terms, some state senators will not be up for election. As these elections will be the first conducted after the 2020 census redistricting, several legislative districts may lack an incumbent or have multiple incumbents.
During the August primaries, 59% of Kansas voters rejected the "Value Them Both Amendment," which would have removed the right to an abortion from the Kansas Constitution. In 2019, the Kansas Supreme Court had ruled in Hodes & Nauser, MDs, PA, et al v. Derek Schmidt, et al. that a woman's right to make "decisions regarding her body, health, family formation and family life" was protected under section 1 of the Kansas Bill of Rights. The proposed constitutional amendment would have amended the state constitution to overrule the 2019 court ruling and would have granted the state legislature the authority to pass laws regarding abortion prior to the 22nd week of pregnancy.
A number of major U.S. cities have held mayoral elections in 2022:
Several notable Native American tribes held elections for tribal executive positions during 2022, including the Penobscot Nation, Navajo Nation, Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma, Prairie Band Potawatomi Nation, Quapaw Nation, and Pueblo of Zuni.
During 2022, Osage Nation Principal Chief Geoffrey Standing Bear and Tribal Council Chief Beverly Kiohawiton Cook of the St. Regis Mohawk Tribe were both reelected to third terms. Chairman Marshalle Pierite of the Tunica-Biloxi Tribe and Peoria Tribe of Indians of Oklahoma Chief Craig Harper were reelected for a second term.
Reid D. Milanovich was elected chairman of the Agua Caliente Band of Cahuilla Indians, replacing the retiring Jeff Grubbe. Clayton Dumont Jr. won an open seat to become chairman of the Klamath Tribes.
Several tribal leaders were defeated when seeking reelection. Lora Ann Chaisson defeated August "Cocoa" Creppel in the election for principal chief of the United Houma Nation. Kasey Velasquez defeated chairwoman Gwendena Lee-Gatwood to become the second woman elected to lead the White Mountain Apache Tribe. RoseMary LaClair defeated incumbent Nooksack Indian Tribe Tribal Chairman Roswell Cline Sr. And former Red Lake Band of Chippewa Chairman Floyd "Buck" Jourdain defeated incumbent Tribal Chairman Darrell Seki Sr.
See also: Political party strength in U.S. states
This table shows the partisan results of president, congressional, gubernatorial, and state legislative races held in each state and territory in 2022. Note that not all states and territories hold gubernatorial, state legislative, and Senate elections in 2022. The five territories and Washington, D.C., do not elect members of the Senate, and the territories do not take part in presidential elections; instead, they each elect one non-voting member of the House. Nebraska's unicameral legislature and the governorship and legislature of American Samoa are elected on a non-partisan basis, and political party affiliation is not listed.
|Subdivision and PVI||Before 2022 elections||After 2022 elections|
|Governor||State leg.||U.S. Senate||U.S. House||Governor||State leg.||U.S. Senate||U.S. House|
|Maine||D+2||Dem||Dem||Split R/I[c]||Dem 2–0||Split R/I[c]|
|New Hampshire||D+1||Rep||Rep||Dem||Dem 2–0|
|New Jersey||D+6||Dem||Dem||Dem||Dem 10–2||Dem||Dem||Dem|
|New Mexico||D+3||Dem||Dem||Dem||Dem 2–1||Dem|
|New York||D+10||Dem||Dem||Dem||Dem 19–8|
|North Carolina||R+3||Dem||Rep||Rep||Rep 8–5||Dem|
|North Dakota||R+20||Rep||Rep||Rep||Rep 1–0||Rep|
|Rhode Island||D+8||Dem||Dem||Dem||Dem 2–0||Dem|
|South Carolina||R+8||Rep||Rep||Rep||Rep 6–1|
|South Dakota||R+16||Rep||Rep||Rep||Rep 1–0|
|Vermont||D+16||Rep||Dem||Split D/I[e]||Dem 1–0|
|West Virginia||R+22||Rep||Rep||Split||Rep 3–0||Rep||Split|
|United States||Even||Rep 28–22||Rep 29–17–3||Dem 50–50||Dem 221–214|
|Washington, D. C.||D+43||Dem[f]||Dem[f]||—||Dem||—|
|N. Mariana Islands||Rep||Split[h]||Dem[i]|
|U.S. Virgin Islands||Dem||Dem||Dem|
|Subdivision||PVI||Governor||State leg.||U.S. Senate||U.S. House||Governor||State leg.||U.S. Senate||U.S. House|
|Subdivision and PVI||Before 2022 elections||After 2022 elections|