Twenty-fifth census
of the United States

← 2020 April 1, 2030 2040 →

Seal of the United States Census Bureau
Seal of the U.S. Census Bureau
General information
CountryUnited States

The 2030 United States census, known as "Census 2030", will be the twenty-fifth United States national census. National Census Day, the reference day used for the census, will be April 1, 2030.[1]


As required by the United States Constitution, the U.S. census has been conducted every 10 years since 1790. The 2020 census was the previous census completed. All persons in the U.S. age 18 years and older are legally obligated to answer census questions, and to do so truthfully (Title 13 of the United States Code).[2][3]

Personally identifiable information will be available in 2102.[4]


Early planning started in October 2018, followed by a design selection phase which is currently under way.[5] Public input was collected between August and November 2022 to inform the Census Bureau's decisions on the operational design of the 2030 census,[6] including which languages should be used to collect census data.[7]

In January 2023, a notice in the Federal Register proposed separate checkboxes in the race or ethnicity question for "Hispanic or Latino" as well as "Middle Eastern or North African".[8]


  1. ^ Bureau, US Census. "2030 Census". Retrieved August 29, 2022.
  2. ^ "Title 13 §221 of the United States code" (PDF). February 21, 2019. Archived (PDF) from the original on February 22, 2019. Retrieved February 21, 2019.
  3. ^ Selby, W. Gardner. "Americans must answer U.S. Census Bureau survey by law, though agency has not prosecuted since 1970" (January 9, 2014). PolitiFact. Archived from the original on January 7, 2017. Retrieved January 6, 2017. Because you are living in the United States, you are required by law to respond to this survey.
  4. ^ PIO, US Census Bureau, Census History Staff. "The "72-Year Rule" - History - U.S. Census Bureau". Retrieved October 26, 2015.((cite web)): CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  5. ^ "Preliminary timeline of the 2030 Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 29, 2022.
  6. ^ "Soliciting Input or Suggestions on 2030 Census Preliminary Research". Federal Register. August 19, 2022. Retrieved August 29, 2022.
  7. ^ "Ayude a diseñar el Censo 2030: ¿en qué idiomas debería estar?". Language Magazine (in Spanish). August 17, 2022. Retrieved August 29, 2022.
  8. ^ Hansi Lo Wang (January 26, 2023). "New 'Latino' and 'Middle Eastern or North African' checkboxes proposed for U.S. forms". NPR. Retrieved January 26, 2023.