20D/Westphal
Discovery
Discovered byJ. G. Westphal
Discovery dateJuly 24, 1852
Alternative
designations
21P/1852 O1; 1852 IV;
21P/1913 S1; 1913 VI;
1913d
Orbital characteristics A
Epoch1913-11-09 (JD 2420080.5)
Aphelion30.030 AU
Perihelion1.2540 AU
Semi-major axis15.642 AU
Eccentricity0.9198
Orbital period61.87 yr
Inclination40.890°
Last perihelionJanuary 3, 1976[1] (unobserved)
Next perihelionMay 4, 2038[1]
(lost since 1913)

20D/Westphal was a periodic comet with an orbital period of 61 years. It fits the classical definition of a Halley-type comet with (20 years < period < 200 years).[2] It was originally discovered by the German astronomer J. G. Westphal (Göttingen, Germany) on July 24, 1852.

It was independently discovered by the American astronomer Christian Heinrich Friedrich Peters (Constantinople) on August 9.

The comet was last seen between September 27 and November 26, 1913, first by Pablo T. Delavan (La Plata Astronomical Observatory) and then others. It was predicted to return in 1976[1] but was never observed, and is now considered a lost comet.

References

  1. ^ a b c Seiichi Yoshida (2004-02-21). "20D/Westphal". Seiichi Yoshida's Comet Catalog. Retrieved 2012-02-20.
  2. ^ "JPL Small-Body Database Browser: 20D/Westphal" (1913-10-13 last obs). Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Retrieved 2012-07-26.
Numbered comets Previous19P/Borrelly 20D/Westphal Next21P/Giacobini–Zinner