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325th Fighter Wing
Tyn-f22-f-15-kc135.jpg
An F-22 Raptor and two F-15 Eagles from Tyndall Air Force Base refuel from a KC-135 Stratotanker of the Mississippi Air National Guard over eastern Florida, 22 September 2008.
Active1948–1952; 1956–1968; 1981–present
Country United States
BranchUnited States Air Force
Part ofAir Combat Command
Garrison/HQTyndall Air Force Base
Motto(s)Locare et Liquidare Latin Locate and Liquidate
DecorationsDistinguished Unit Citation
Air Force Outstanding Unit Award
Commanders
Current
commander
Colonel Gregory M. Moseley[1]
Notable
commanders
Richard Myers
Donavon F. Smith
Insignia
325th Fighter Wing emblem (approved 5 March 1957)[2]
325th Fighter Wing.png

The 325th Fighter Wing (325 FW) is a wing of the United States Air Force based in Tyndall Air Force Base, Florida.

Mission

The 325th Fighter Wing's primary mission is to provide air dominance training for F-22 Raptor pilots and maintenance personnel and air battle managers to support the combat Air Force.

Training for F-22 pilots is performed in the 43d Fighter Squadron. The 325th Air Control Squadron trains air battle managers for assignment to combat Air Force units. Additionally, wing personnel manage the southeastern air combat maneuvering instrumentation range and provide mission-ready F-22 air dominance forces in support of the Commander, North American Aerospace Defense Command (NORAD)/1st Air Force (1 AF) contingency plans. The 325th Fighter Wing is commanded by Colonel Gregory M. Moseley, who assumed command 26 June 2020.

Other specialties trained under the 325th Fighter Wing include F-22 intelligence officer training, F-22 crew chief training and officer and enlisted air traffic controller training.

The 325th Fighter Wing is host to more than 30 tenant organizations located at Tyndall Air Force Base, Fla. The wing comprises the 325th Operations Group, 325th Maintenance Group, 325th Mission Support Group and 325th Medical Group.

From 1983 to 2010, training for F-15 pilots was performed at Tyndall by the 1st, 2d, and 95th Fighter Squadrons. During this period, the 325th FW also hosted training for F-15 Maintenance personnel, and Intelligence Officers assigned to F-15 units. The 1st Fighter Squadron was inactivated in 2006. The 2d and 95th FS's were also inactivated in May and September 2010, respectively. However, with the return to Air Combat Command, the 325th FW gained a combat-coded F-22 squadron.[3] In doing so, the 95th Fighter Squadron was reactivated on 11 October 2013 as an operational F-22 Raptor unit. In August 2014, the 2d was reactivated as the 2d Fighter Training Squadron. Flying the Northrop T-38 Talon, the 2d provides adversary training support to F-22 squadrons.

Units

History

QF-100 Super Sabre target drones on the Tyndall AFB flight line[4]
QF-100 Super Sabre target drones on the Tyndall AFB flight line[4]

The 325th Fighter Wing was established on 10 May 1948 and activated on 9 June 1948. It conducted air defense of the U.S. west coast, 1948–1952 and 1956–1968. Beginning in spring 1949, the 325th conducted the All Weather Combat Crew Training School. During 1950, the wing also controlled a troop carrier squadron and from May 1950 to June 1951, provided training for elements of a troop carrier wing. On 6 February 1952 the Wing was inactivated and replaced by the 4704th Air Defense Wing, which assumed most of its operational role, while the 567th Air Base Group assumed its host base functions.

An Air Defense Command program to reactivate historic units named "Project Arrow" resulted in the reactivation of the 325th Fighter Group (Air Defense) on 18 August 1955. The 325th group assumed the mission, personnel and equipment of the 567th Air Defense Group. The 325th served as the "host" unit at McChord Air Force Base until October 1956. From February to July 1968, the wing operated an air defense detachment at Osan Air Base, South Korea. The 325th was again inactivated in late 1968. The 325th Fighter Wing was activated on 18 October 1956 and was assigned the 325th group as a subordinate unit controlling its operational squadrons.

On 22 October 1962, before President John F. Kennedy told Americans that missiles were in place in Cuba, the wing dispersed a portion of its force, equipped with nuclear tipped missiles to Paine Air Force Base at the start of the Cuban Missile Crisis.[5] These planes returned to McChord after the crisis.

On 15 March 1963 two Soviet bombers overflew Alaska and Alaskan Air Command F-102s were unable to intercept them.[6] The response to this intrusion was to deploy ten F-106s from the wing to Alaska in what was called Operation White Shoes.[7] However, maintaining these aircraft for an extended period of time put a strain on the wing's combat readiness back at McChord, and eventually a detachment of maintenance personnel was established to maintain the planes in Alaska. The wing got relief from this commitment while it was upgrading its F-106s from the 1st Fighter Wing, which relieved it from March to June 1964. Operation White Shoes terminated in 1965 and the unit's planes returned home.[8]

The wing was reactivated at Tyndall Air Force Base in 1981 as the 325th Fighter Weapons Wing, providing the Air Defense Weapons Center with operational and technical advice on air defense and tactics from 1981–1983. It also provided test and evaluation new air defense equipment, including use of the PQM-102 and QF-100, former operational aircraft modified to function as unmanned drones known as Full Scale Aerial Targets (FSAT). This FSAT mission would later transfer to what is now the 53rd Weapons Evaluation Group (53 WEG) of the 53rd Wing (53 WG).

F-15 Eagle

In October 1983, the wing was renamed the 325th Tactical Training Wing and assumed a new mission of conducting qualification training of F-15 tactical aircrews. Beginning in 1983 it deployed T-33 and later, F-15 aircraft to USAF, Air National Guard, Marine Corps, and Navy air units to provide electronic countermeasures and dissimilar air combat training (DACT) and to increase aircrew combat proficiency. The wing also performed continental air defense alert duties from 1988–1990, intercepting unidentified aircraft, assisting the U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration in anti-smuggling efforts, and augmenting similarly tasked fighter units in the Louisiana Air National Guard and Florida Air National Guard. It became the host wing at Tyndall Air Force Base in September 1991 and was renamed the 325th Fighter Wing the following month.

F-22 Raptor

In 1998, the 325th divested the F-15A and F-15B Formal Training Unit mission, transferring it to the 173d Fighter Wing (173 FW) of the Oregon Air National Guard. In 2003, the 325th began transitioning to the F-22A and began divesting the F-15C and F-15D training mission, also transferring same to the 172 FW. Between 2003 and 2010, the 325 FW conducted both F-15C/D and F-22A training until the 172 FW fully assumed the F-15C/D FTU role for both the Regular Air Force and the Air National Guard in 2010.

The 325th has conducted the Air Force's basic course and transition training for the F-22A since 2003, training pilots from the Regular Air Force, the Air Force Reserve Command (AFRC) and the Air National Guard (ANG) in the aircraft. In October 2012, the wing was reassigned from Air Education and Training Command (AETC) to Air Combat Command (ACC), since it had added a combat coded F-22 squadron by reactivating the 95th Fighter Squadron (95 FS), formerly an F-15C squadron at Tyndall, in addition to its F-22 and T-38 training units.[3] The 95 FS and other elements of the wing completed their first six-month long combat deployment with the Raptor in May 2015.[9]

In the wake of the devastating damage to Tyndall AFB by Hurricane Michael in late 2018, F-22 and T-38 flight training operations were shifted to the former Strike Fighter Squadron 101 (VFA-101) F-35C training facility recently vacated by the U.S. Navy at Eglin AFB, Florida. Concurrently, the combat-coded F-22A aircraft of the 95 FS were redistributed to other F-22 units in Virginia, Hawaii and Alaska and the squadron placed in cadre status.

F-35 Lightning II

Following over two years of speculation, the Air Force announced in 2021 that 325th is set to be equipped with the F-35A Lightning II, the USAF's newest combat fighter. The wing will host three F-35 squadrons, altogether making up 72 aircraft.[10] The first tranche of F-35A aircraft are expected to begin arriving at Tyndall in September or October of 2023.[11]

Lineage

Activated on 9 June 1948
Redesignated 325th Fighter-All Weather Wing on 20 January 1950
Redesignated 325th Fighter-Interceptor Wing on 1 May 1951
Inactivated on 6 February 1952
Activated on 18 October 1956
Discontinued and inactivated on 1 July 1968
Activated on 1 July 1981
Redesignated 325th Tactical Training Wing on 15 October 1983
Redesignated 325th Fighter Wing on 1 October 1991

Assignments

Attached to Western Air Defense Force, 10 November 1949 – 31 July 1950

Components

Wings

Groups

Squadrons

School

Stations

Aircraft assigned

References

Public Domain This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency website http://www.afhra.af.mil/.

Notes

  1. ^ "Colonel Gregory M. Moseley".
  2. ^ Ravenstein, pp. 176–177
  3. ^ a b Elsea, SSG Rachelle (4 October 2012). "325th FW reassigned to ACC in ceremony". 325th Fighter Wing Public Affairs. Archived from the original on 24 February 2013. Retrieved 1 November 2012.
  4. ^ Aircraft are North American QF-100 Super Sabre target drones on 25 April 1990. The first five aircraft are single-seat QF-100Ds (serials 55-3784, 56-3365, 56-3112, 55-3741, and 56-3093) and a two-seat QF-100F (serial 56-3865)
  5. ^ McMullen, pp. 10–12
  6. ^ McMullen, p. 27
  7. ^ McMullen, pp. 28–29
  8. ^ McMullen, pp. 32–34
  9. ^ Echols, SRA Alec (14 May 2015). "Tyndall completes first combat deployment". Air Combat Command Public Affairs. Retrieved 18 May 2015.[permanent dead link]
  10. ^ "Three New F-35 Squadrons to be Based at Florida's Previously Storm-Ravaged Tyndall Air Force Base".
  11. ^ "Tyndall AFB selected to host three F-35 squadrons".

Bibliography

Further reading