Discovered byZaccheus Daniel
Discovery dateDecember 7, 1909
P/1909 X1,
P/1937 B1
Orbital characteristics A
EpochJune 25, 2000
Aphelion5.89 AU
Perihelion2.157 AU
Semi-major axis4.021 AU
Orbital period8.065 a
Jupiter MOID0.152 AU (22,700,000 km)[1]
Last perihelionAugust 22, 2016[1][2]
July 20, 2008
Next perihelion2024-Nov-11[3]

Comet Daniel is a periodic comet in the Solar System discovered by Zaccheus Daniel (Halsted Observatory, Princeton University, New Jersey, United States) on December 7, 1909, estimated as magnitude 9.

Following its discovery, the returns for 1916, 1923, and 1930 were predicted but on each occasion it was not recovered.

The 1937 return was recovered by Shin-ichi Shimizu (Simada, Japan) on January 31 after a calculation of the comet's orbit by Hidewo Hirose (Tokyo, Japan) after he took calculations for the 1923 return done by Alexander D. Dubiago and took into account perturbations from Jupiter.

All returns apart from 1957 and 1971 have been recovered.

Repeated close encounters with Jupiter have increased this comet's orbital period steadily since it was first discovered, it will likely increase again to 8.29 years when it next encounters Jupiter on December 2, 2018.

The comet nucleus is estimated to be 2.6 kilometers in diameter.[1]

At some point between 2009 January 11 and 30 the comet underwent an outburst of around 3 magnitudes, brightening from 18th to 15th magnitude.[4]


  1. ^ a b c "JPL Small-Body Database Browser: 33P/Daniel". Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Retrieved 2010-02-26. 2009-04-24 last obs
  2. ^ 33P past, present and future orbital elements
  3. ^ MPC
  4. ^ "BAA Comet Section : Periodic Comets". Jonathan Shanklin. 2011-12-18. Retrieved 2012-10-26.
Numbered comets Previous32P/Comas Solá 33P/Daniel Next34D/Gale