|Manufacturer||Hitachi, Kawasaki Heavy Industries, Kinki Sharyo|
|Refurbished||1997–2011 (JR West)|
|Number built||277 vehicles|
|Number in service||136 vehicles (as of 1 April 2015[update])|
|Number preserved||2 vehicles|
|Number scrapped||140 vehicles|
|Successor||383 series, 287 series, 289 series|
|Formation||3/4/6/7/9 cars per trainset|
JR Central (1987–2008)
JR West (1987–Present, scheduled to end operation in 2023)
|Depot(s)||Hineno, Goto, Fukuchiyama|
|Car body construction||Aluminium alloy|
|Car length||21,300 mm (69 ft 11 in)|
|Width||2,920 mm (9 ft 7 in)|
|Height||3,383 mm (11 ft 1.2 in)|
|Maximum speed||120 km/h (75 mph)|
|Traction system||Resistor control|
|Electric system(s)||1,500 V DC overhead lines|
|Current collection method||Pantograph|
|Track gauge||1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)|
The 381 series (381系, 381-kei) is a tilting DC electric multiple unit (EMU) train type introduced in 1973 by Japanese National Railways (JNR), and currently operated by West Japan Railway Company (JR-West), and formerly also operated by Central Japan Railway Company (JR Central) in Japan.
As of 1 April 2015[update], 136 vehicles were operated by JR-West.
The 381 series EMU was developed from the experimental 591 series 3-car articulated tilting EMU tested from 1970.
The 381 series entered revenue service from 10 July 1973 on the Shinano limited express between Nagoya and Nagano.
JR-West 381 series trains were removed from Kuroshio, Kounotori, Kinosaki, and Hashidate limited express services in October 2015, with the last services operating on 30 October.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to JNR 381.|