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38th Infantry Regiment
Coat of arms of the 38th Infantry Regiment
Active1917-present
Country United States
Branch United States Army
TypeInfantry
Nickname(s)Rock of the Marne (special designation) [1]
EngagementsWorld War I
World War II
Korean War
Iraq War
War in Afghanistan
Commanders
Battalion CommanderLTC Daniel Leard
Command Sergeant MajorCSM John S. Ugarte
Notable
commanders
Ulysses G. McAlexander
Olinto M. Barsanti
Insignia
Distinctive unit insignia
U.S. Infantry Regiments
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37th Infantry Regiment 39th Infantry Regiment

The 38th Infantry Regiment ("Rock of the Marne")[1] is a United States Army infantry regiment.

First & Second 38th Infantry Regiments

The first 38th United States Colored Infantry Regiment served from January 23, 1864 to January 25, 1867.

The second 38th Infantry was first established on 28 July 1866, as part of the Regular Army, one of six segregated, all-black regiments created following the Civil War. It was organized on 1 October of that year at Jefferson Barracks, Missouri, and was stationed in New Mexico Territory and along the transcontinental railroads then under construction. Cathay Williams, the first recorded African-American female to serve in the U.S. Army, served with the 38th during this time, disguised as a male. On 15 March 1869, the 38th was consolidated with the 41st Infantry Regiment and redesignated as the 24th Infantry Regiment.

Current 38th Infantry Regiment

Korean War

Five members of the 38th Infantry were awarded the Medal of Honor for their actions in the Korean War:

Campaign participation credit

38th Infantry Regiment repelled the German attack near Mézy, France, across the Marne River in July 1918. This defense checked the Germans' assault and made an Allied offensive possible, thus earning 3rd Infantry Division's nickname "Rock of the Marne".
38th Infantry Regiment repelled the German attack near Mézy, France, across the Marne River in July 1918. This defense checked the Germans' assault and made an Allied offensive possible, thus earning 3rd Infantry Division's nickname "Rock of the Marne".

Decorations

General Joseph Dickman pins the french Croix de Guerre to the 38th flag in 1919
General Joseph Dickman pins the french Croix de Guerre to the 38th flag in 1919

Unit Decorations

Ribbon Award Year Notes
Presidential Unit Citation (United States) (Army) 08/22/1944–08/23/1944 for service for HILL 154, BREST
Presidential Unit Citation (United States) (Army) 12/10/1944–12/20/1944 for service for KRINKELT
Presidential Unit Citation (United States) (Army) 05/16/1951–06/02/1951 for service for HONGCHON
Republic of Korea Presidential Unit Citation (Army) 1950 for service for NAKTON RIVER LINE
Republic of Korea Presidential Unit Citation (Army) 1950–1952 for service in Korea
Republic of Korea Presidential Unit Citation (Army) 1950–1953 for service in Korea
Meritorious Unit Commendation (Army) 4/2007–6/2008 for service in Operation Iraqi Freedom
Meritorious Unit Commendation (Army) 09/2009–09/2010 for service in Operation Iraqi Freedom
Meritorious Unit Commendation (Army) 11/24/2012–07/25/2013 for service in Operation Enduring Freedom
Meritorious Unit Commendation (Army) 04/2018–02/2019 For Service in Operation Freedom Sentinel

References

Public Domain This article incorporates public domain material from the United States Army Center of Military History document: "1st Battalion, 38th Infantry Lineage and Honors".

  1. ^ a b "Special Unit Designations". United States Army Center of Military History. 21 April 2010. Archived from the original on 9 June 2010. Retrieved 24 June 2010.
  2. ^ "Fort Douglas Chronology". Archived from the original on 27 August 2006. Retrieved 12 May 2008.

4. Co. A 2/38th Infantry Regiment , 2nd Inf. Division was located at Camp BLV AND CAMP WALLY during the years of at least 1968-1970.