|48th United States Congress|
March 4, 1883 – March 4, 1885
8 non-voting delegates
|House Speaker||John G. Carlisle (D)|
|1st: December 3, 1883 – July 7, 1884|
2nd: December 1, 1884 – March 3, 1885
The 48th United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from March 4, 1883, to March 4, 1885, during the last two years of the administration of U.S. President Chester A. Arthur. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Tenth Census of the United States in 1880. The Senate had a Republican majority, and the House had a Democratic majority.
The count below identifies party affiliations at the beginning of the first session of this Congress, and includes members from vacancies and newly admitted states, when they were first seated. Changes resulting from subsequent replacements are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section.
(shading shows control)
|End of previous congress||37||1||37||1[a]||76||0|
|Final voting share||47.4%||2.6%||50.0%||0.0%|
|Beginning of next congress||34||2||37||0||73||3|
(shading shows control)
|End of previous congress||130||1||0||1||9||1||150||0||292||1|
|Final voting share||61.0%||0.9%||1.2%||0.6%||0.6%||0.3%||35.0%||0.3%|
|Beginning of next congress||128||1||0||0||10||1||151||128||419||0|
This list is arranged by chamber, then by state.
Senators are listed by their states and Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election.
Members of the House of Representatives are preceded by their district numbers.
The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress.
|Vacated by||Reason for change||Successor||Date of successor's|
|New Hampshire (2)||Vacant||Legislature had failed to elect.
Senator elected August 2, 1883.
|Austin F. Pike (R)||August 2, 1883|
|Rhode Island (2)||Henry B. Anthony (R)||Incumbent died September 2, 1884.
Successor appointed November 19, 1884.
|William P. Sheffield (R)||November 19, 1884|
|Rhode Island (2)||William P. Sheffield (R)||Interim appointee replaced by successor elected January 20, 1885.||Jonathan Chace (R)||January 20, 1885|
|District||Vacated by||Reason for change||Successor||Date of successor's|
|Mississippi 2nd||Vacant||Chalmers took seat after an election contest with Van H. Manning who challenged his election||James R. Chalmers (I)||June 25, 1884|
|West Virginia 3rd||John E. Kenna (D)||Resigned March 4, 1883, when elected U.S. Senator.||Charles P. Snyder (D)||May 15, 1883|
|Alabama 1st||Thomas H. Herndon (D)||Died March 28, 1883.||James T. Jones (D)||December 3, 1883|
|Iowa 6th||Marsena E. Cutts (R)||Died September 1, 1883.||John C. Cook (D)||October 9, 1883|
|Virginia 7th||John Paul (D)||Resigned September 5, 1883 to become judge of the U.S. District Court of the Western District of Virginia. The House election was subsequently contested.||Charles T. O'Ferrall (D)||May 5, 1884|
|Kansas 2nd||Dudley C. Haskell (R)||Died December 16, 1883.||Edward H. Funston (R)||March 21, 1884|
|North Carolina 1st||Walter F. Pool (R)||Died August 25, 1883.||Thomas G. Skinner (D)||November 20, 1883|
|Massachusetts 12th||George D. Robinson (R)||Resigned January 7, 1884 when elected Governor of Massachusetts.||Francis W. Rockwell (R)||January 17, 1884|
|South Carolina 7th||Edmund W. M. Mackey (R)||Died January 27, 1884.||Robert Smalls (R)||March 18, 1884|
|New Mexico Territory At-large||Tranquilino Luna (R)||Lost contested election March 5, 1884.||Francisco A. Manzanares (D)||March 5, 1884|
|Virginia 1st||Robert M. Mayo (RA)||Lost contested election March 20, 1884.||George T. Garrison (D)||March 20, 1884|
|Indiana 7th||Stanton J. Peelle (R)||Lost contested election May 22, 1884.||William E. English (D)||May 22, 1884|
|Ohio 18th||William McKinley (R)||Lost contested election May 27, 1884.||Jonathan H. Wallace (D)||May 27, 1884|
|Ohio 7th||Henry L. Morey (R)||Lost contested election June 20, 1884.||James E. Campbell (D)||June 20, 1884|
|Iowa 7th||John A. Kasson (R)||Resigned July 13, 1884 to become U.S. Minister to Germany.||Hiram Y. Smith (R)||December 2, 1884|
|Indiana 13th||William H. Calkins (R)||Resigned October 20, 1884.||Benjamin F. Shively (AM)||December 1, 1884|
|South Carolina 4th||John H. Evins (D)||Died October 20, 1884.||John Bratton (D)||December 8, 1884|
|Pennsylvania 19th||William A. Duncan (D)||Died November 14, 1884.||John A. Swope (D)||December 23, 1884|
|North Carolina 5th||Alfred M. Scales (D)||Resigned December 30, 1884 when elected Governor of North Carolina.||James W. Reid (D)||January 28, 1885|
|Alabama 4th||Charles M. Shelley (D)||Lost contested election January 9, 1885.||George H. Craig (R)||January 9, 1885|
|Ohio 9th||James S. Robinson (R)||Resigned January 12, 1885 to become Ohio Secretary of State.||Vacant||Not filled this term|
|Rhode Island 2nd||Jonathan Chace (R)||Resigned January 26, 1885 when elected U.S. Senator.||Nathan F. Dixon III (R)||February 12, 1885|
|Arkansas 2nd||James K. Jones (D)||Resigned February 19, 1885 when elected U.S. Senator.||Vacant||Not filled this term|
|Iowa 5th||James Wilson (R)||Lost contested election March 3, 1885.||Benjamin T. Frederick (D)||March 3, 1885|
Lists of committees and their party leaders for members of the House and Senate committees can be found through the Official Congressional Directory at the bottom of this article. The directory after the pages of terms of service lists committees of the Senate, House (Standing with Subcommittees, Select and Special) and Joint and, after that, House/Senate committee assignments. On the committees section of the House and Senate in the Official Congressional Directory, the committee's members on the first row on the left side shows the chairman of the committee and on the right side shows the ranking member of the committee.
House of Representatives