4. Gebirgs-Division
(English: 4th Mountain Division)
Unit insignia
ActiveOctober 1940 – May 1945
Country Germany
BranchArmy
TypeGebirgsjäger
RoleMountain warfare
SizeDivision
EngagementsWorld War II

The 4th Mountain Division (German: 4. Gebirgs Division) was established in October 1940. It took part in the 1941 Balkans Campaign and then joined Army Group South in Operation Barbarossa after it was already underway. In 1942 it participated in the failed attempt to seize the Caucasus in Operation Edelweiss under Army Group A. Following the operation's failure, the division was pushed back into the Kuban bridgehead, then the Crimean Peninsula, the western Ukraine, Hungary, and Slovakia. The division surrendered to the Soviet forces near Czech city of Olomouc when the war ended in May 1945.[1]

During the war, 33 members of the division received the Iron Cross Knight's Cross and two received the Knight's Cross with Oak Leaves.[2]

Commanders

Order of battle

References

  1. ^ Tessin 1965, pp. 237–238.
  2. ^ Braun 1955, pp. 256–257.
  3. ^ Braun 1955, p. 44.
  • Braun, Julius (1955). Enzian und Edelweiss. Die 4. Gebirgs-Division 1940-1945 [Gentian and Edelweiss. The 4th Mountain Division 1940–1945] (in German). Bad Nauheim: Podzun.
  • Tessin, Georg (1965). Die Verbände und Truppen der deutschen Wehrmacht und Waffen SS im Zweiten Weltkrieg 1939–1945, (Band 2: Die Landstreitkräfte 1–5) [Units and troops of the German Wehrmacht and Waffen SS in the Second World War 1939–1945, (Vol 2: Land forces)] (in German). Frankfurt/Main: E.S. Mittler.
PortalsAccess related topicsMilitary of Germany portalWorld War II portal