67th Cyberspace Wing
Emblem[1]
Active1947–1949; 1951–1960; 1966–1993; 1993–present
Country United States
Branch United States Air Force
RoleInformation operations
SizeWing
Part of16th Air Force
Garrison/HQLackland Air Force Base
Motto(s)Lux ex Tenebris Latin (Light from Darkness)
EngagementsKorean War
DecorationsDistinguished Unit Citation
Air Force Outstanding Unit Award with V Device
Air Force Outstanding Unit Award
Republic of Korea Presidential Unit Citation
Commanders
Current
commander
Colonel Sean C.G. Kern

The 67th Cyberspace Wing is a United States Air Force wing stationed at Lackland Air Force Base, Texas. It was activated in October 1993 as a military intelligence unit and is assigned to the Sixteenth Air Force.

The wing was first activated at March Field as the 67th Reconnaissance Wing as part of the wing base organization system. However, only its 67th Tactical Reconnaissance Group ever became operational and it relied on another wing for support. It was inactivated in the 1949 Truman reductions in the Department of Defense budget.

In February 1951, the wing was reactivated in Japan as the 67th Tactical Reconnaissance Wing, replacing the 543d Tactical Support Group as the headquarters for tactical reconnaissance units during the Korean War. It moved to Korea and served in combat until the armistice was signed in July 1953. Following the war, it returned to Japan and by 1957 was the only reconnaissance unit assigned to Far East Air Forces. The wing was inactivated in 1960 and its remaining squadrons were assigned to other units.

In 1966, the wing was reactivated at Mountain Home Air Force Base, Idaho and trained for reconnaissance missions. It became Tactical Air Command's replacement training unit for the McDonnell RF-4C Phantom II. From 1968 to 1970, it acquired a fighter unit and also trained fighter aircrews on the F-4. In July 1971, Mountain Home became a fighter base and the wing moved without personnel or equipment to Bergstrom Air Force Base, Texas, where it absorbed the assets of the 75th Tactical Reconnaissance Wing, which was inactivated. It continued its reconnaissance mission at Bergstrom until inactivating on 30 September 1993. The wing reactivated the following day at Kelly Air Force Base as the 67th Intelligence Wing under Air Intelligence Agency and continued the electronic intelligence mission. It has been redesignated multiple times since then, including a change to 67th Information Operations Wing and being assigned to Eighth Air Force. It was later redesignated as the 67th Network Warfare Wing. When the Twenty-Fourth Air Force was activated in 2009, it was reassigned from Eighth Air Force to Twenty-Fourth Air Force. It is currently assigned to Sixteenth Air Force and is currently designated as the 67th Cyberspace Wing.

Mission

The 67th Cyberspace Wing operates, manages, and defends global Air Force networks. The wing trains and readies airmen to execute computer network exploitation and attack. It also executes full-spectrum Air Force network operations, training, tactics, and management. It provides network operations and network warfare capabilities to Air Force, joint task force, and Unified Combatant Commands. Additionally, it performs electronic systems security assessments for the Air Force.[2]

The wing comprises four groups and a support squadron.

Component units

Unless otherwise indicated, units are based at Joint Base San Antonio, Texas, and subordinate units are located at the same location as their commanding group.[3]

History

Initial activation

The wing was first activated in November as the 67th Reconnaissance Wing at March Field, California during the experimental implementation of the wing base organization.[note 1] It was made a permanent unit and redesignated the 67th Tactical Reconnaissance Group in August 1948.[1] During this period, only the wing's 67th Tactical Reconnaissance Group was operational and the entire wing was attached to the 1st Fighter Wing.[5] The wing was equipped with various models of the Douglas B-26 Invader, North American F-6 Mustang and Lockheed F-80 Shooting Star.[1] President Truman's reduced 1949 defense budget required reductions in the number of groups in the Air Force to 48 and the wing was inactivated in March 1949.[6]

Korean War and service in the Pacific

12th Squadron RB-26 Invader

By 1951, Fifth Air Force had combined its reconnaissance units under the 543d Tactical Support Group, which was stationed in Korea. In late January, the 543d headquarters moved to Komaki Air Base Japan, and the following month it was inactivated and the 67th was activated in its place and absorbed its personnel and equipment.[1][7] The 543d's 45th Tactical Reconnaissance Squadron was transferred to the 67th, while its other squadrons were replaced by newly activated units.[8][9]

One of the six RF-86s flown by the wing[note 2]

The wing immediately began to fly combat reconnaissance missions over Korea,[5] By August, the wing had consolidated its subordinate elements at Kimpo Air Base. Gradually overcoming difficulties, it soon was providing adequate aerial intelligence for both air and ground units. However, the wing was hampered by a lack of suitable photographic equipment and aircraft and shortages of trained personnel. For a short time, the wing had to use North American T-6 Texan trainers and Douglas C-47 Skytrain cargo planes for visual reconnaissance. The wing sought to cure its problems using resources within the theater, managing its own training classes for inexperienced personnel and experimenting with aircraft, cameras and tactics. It sought to cure its lack of high speed reconnaissance aircraft by acquiring six Sabres modified for reconnaissance missions.[10]

The 67th continued flying combat missions until the armistice in late July 1953. It provided photographic coverage of enemy front lines, battlefield positions, installations, airfields and rail lines, with weather reconnaissance as a secondary task.[1]

After the war, the wing remained in the Pacific theater, moving from Korea to Itami Air Base, Japan in December 1954, continuing to provide reconnaissance as needed.[1] Wing elements were dispersed to various bases in Japan. The 45th Squadron remained in Korea until March 1955, when it moved to Misawa Air Base on Hokkaido,[11] while the 12th Squadron moved to Yokota Air Base in August 1956,[12] and the 15th Squadron was at Komaki Air Base and, later, at Kadena Air Base.[13] Only the 11th Squadron was stationed with the wing headquarters.[14]

15th Squadron RF-101[note 3]

On 1 July 1957, the 67th moved to Yokota Air Base, Japan as US operations at Itami came to a close. At Yokota, it absorbed the resources of the 6007th Reconnaissance Group, which was discontinued in August, becoming the sole reconnaissance wing in the Far East.[15] In September, the wing converted to the Dual Deputate organization,[note 4] and all flying squadrons were directly assigned to the wing when its 67th Tactical Reconnaissance Group was inactivated.[16] The 67th Group had moved to Yokota in 1956 and became nonoperational upon the wing's move to Yokota and its squadrons were attached to the wing before being assigned. The 67th Tactical Reconnaissance Wing was deployed to Taoyuan Air Base, Taiwan from 13 to 23 July 1959, and aircraft were deployed to Kung Kuan Air Base, Taiwan from 10 – 20 May 1960. It also added air refueling and airlift to its mission in September, with these new tasks continuing until the wing inactivated in Dec 1960.[1]

Reconnaissance in the United States

After activation at Mountain Home Air Force Base, Idaho in 1966, the wing began training in the United States for aerial, visual, optical, electronic, thermal, and radar reconnaissance. In May, the wing added training of replacement McDonnell RF-4C Phantom II reconnaissance aircrews to its mission, and between June 1968 and November 1970, it also trained tactical fighter crews with the F-4D.[5] Preparing to turn Mountain Home Air Force Base over to the 347th Tactical Fighter Wing, the 67th served as headquarters for both organizations for its final two months at Mountain Home.[5]

The wing moved to Texas in 1971, replacing the 75th Tactical Reconnaissance Wing at and absorbing its personnel and equipment.[5] At Bergstrom, it concentrated on maintaining tactical reconnaissance mission forces capable of meeting worldwide operational requirements. It conducted reconnaissance training of Air Force, United States Marine Corps, and allied reconnaissance aircrews between 1982 and 1989.[1]

The wing acted as an advisor to Air National Guard reconnaissance units until 1992. It performed reconnaissance missions supporting the US Customs Service from 1983 until 1992. The wing hosted the Tactical Air Command sponsored worldwide tactical reconnaissance competition at its home base in 1986, 1988 and 1990.[1]

Desert Storm and inactivation

Bomb damage assessment photography from Operation Desert Storm

The wing deployed personnel and equipment in support of Desert Storm in 1991, photographing enemy targets, conducting searches for enemy missile sites, tracking movement of the Iraqi Republican Guard and oil slicks, and conducting overall battle damage assessment. The wing ended flying operations in August 1992, but remained active until Bergstrom Air Force Base closed the following year.[1]

Between 1993 and 2000, the wing's mission included directing planning of all-source intelligence, electronic combat, and security support for the Air Intelligence Agency. Since 2000, it has collected and analyzed intelligence and provided it to decision makers and the test and acquisition community. The wing also attacked adversary information and information systems while defending its own.[1]

In September 2020, the wing stood up the 867th Cyberspace Operations Group at Joint Base San Antonio.[17]

Lineage

Organized on 25 November 1947
Redesignated 67th Tactical Reconnaissance Wing on 22 August 1948[note 5]
Inactivated on 28 March 1949
Discontinued and inactivated on 8 December 1960
Organized on 1 January 1966
Redesignated 67th Reconnaissance Wing on 1 October 1991
Inactivated on 30 September 1993
Redesignated 67th Information Operations Wing on 1 August 2000
Redesignated 67th Network Warfare Wing 5 July 2006[1]
Redesignated 67th Cyberspace Wing c. 15 September 2013[18]

Assignments

Components

Groups
Squadrons
Wing RF-4Cs at Bergstrom AFB[note 6]
Flight

Stations

Aircraft

List of commanders

This list is incomplete; you can help by adding missing items. (May 2021)
No. Commander Term
Portrait Name Took office Left office Term length
1
William J. Poirier[27]
Colonel
William J. Poirier[27]
July 10, 2012June 20, 20141 year, 345 days
2
David W. Snoddy[28]
Colonel
David W. Snoddy[28]
June 20, 2014June 28, 20162 years, 8 days
3
Bradley L. Pyburn[29]
Colonel
Bradley L. Pyburn[29]
June 28, 2016June 20, 20181 year, 357 days
4
Melissa S. Cunningham[30]
Colonel
Melissa S. Cunningham[30]
June 20, 2018July 2, 2020~2 years, 12 days
5
Jeffrey A. Phillips[31]
Colonel
Jeffrey A. Phillips[31]
July 2, 2020May 25, 2022~1 year, 327 days
6
Sean C.G. Kern[32]
Colonel
Sean C.G. Kern[32]
May 25, 2022Incumbent~1 year, 81 days

References

Notes

Explanatory notes
  1. ^ Although the wing base organization called for a combination of the tactical group with all base units supporting it, two wings were organized at March, each with separate support units assigned. See Mueller, p. 371 (listing support units organized at March in 1947).
  2. ^ Aircraft is North American RF-86A-5-NA Sabre serial 48-195.
  3. ^ Aircraft is McDonnell RF-101C-60-MC Voodoo serial 56-42.
  4. ^ Under this plan flying [and missile] squadrons reported to the wing Deputy Commander for Operations and maintenance squadrons reported to the wing Deputy Commander for Maintenance
  5. ^ The experimental (table of distribution Reconnaissance Wing) was discontinued on 24 August 1948. The permanent (table of organization Tactical Reconnaissance Wing) had been established and activated two days earlier. The Air Force later consolidated the two wings and considers this to have been a redesignation. Ravenstein, pp. 105–107.
  6. ^ The aircraft represent four different squadrons: 62nd Tactical Reconnaissance Training Squadron (yellow tail); 12th Tactical Reconnaissance Squadron (orange tail); 91st Tactical Reconniassance Squadron (red tail) and 45th Tactical Reconnaissance Training Squadron (black check tail). The lead aircraft is the wing commanders aircraft, whose fin flash represents all four squadrons. Taken 11 May 1988.
Citations
  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m The emblem was approved 20 March 1952.Lacomia, John (8 May 2015). "Factsheet 67 Cyberspace Wing (ACC)". Air Force Historical Research Agency. Retrieved 8 February 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Twenty-Fourth Air Force Units: 67th Cyberspace Wing". Twenty-Fourth Air Force Public Affairs. Retrieved 9 June 2016.
  3. ^ "67th Cyberspace Wing". Sixteenth Air Force. US Air Force. Retrieved 11 April 2020.
  4. ^ 367th Cyberspace Operations Squadron Activation and Assumption of Command. YouTube. Archived from the original on 11 December 2021.
  5. ^ a b c d e Ravenstein, pp. 105–107
  6. ^ Knaack, p. 25
  7. ^ Robertson, Patsy (20 April 2012). "Factsheet 543 Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance Group (AFISRA)". Air Force Historical Research Agency. Archived from the original on 29 September 2015. Retrieved 12 November 2015.
  8. ^ Endicott, p. 80
  9. ^ Maurer, Combat Units, p. 134
  10. ^ a b Endicott, p. 79
  11. ^ Robertson, Patsy (6 May 2013). "Factsheet 45 Reconnaissance Squadron (ACC)". Air Force Historical Research Agency. Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 11 June 2016.
  12. ^ Robertson, Patsy (16 March 2015). "Factsheet 12 Reconnaissance Squadron (ACC)". Air Force Historical Research Agency. Archived from the original on 14 September 2011. Retrieved 11 June 2016.
  13. ^ Robertson, Patsy (30 July 2012). "Factsheet 15 Reconnaissance Squadron (ACC)". Air Force Historical Research Agency. Archived from the original on 9 August 2016. Retrieved 11 June 2016.
  14. ^ Robertson, Patsy (17 March 2015). "Factsheet 11 Reconnaissance Squadron (ACC)". Air Force Historical Research Agency. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 11 June 2016.
  15. ^ See Fletcher, p. 196 (showing dates of 6007th Group at Yokota).
  16. ^ a b "Factsheet 67 Network Warfare Group (AFSPC)". Air Force Historical Research Agency. 28 April 2011. Archived from the original on 13 March 2015. Retrieved 10 June 2016.
  17. ^ Cohen, Rachel S. (18 September 2020). "New Ops Group Tries a Better Approach to Cyber Warfare". Air Force Magazine. Air Force Association. Retrieved 21 September 2020.
  18. ^ Hein, 2 Lt Meredith. "Two wings re-designated as "cyber"". 24th Air Force Public Affairs. Retrieved 14 September 2015.
  19. ^ a b c d Lineage, including components, assignments, stations and aircraft in Lacomia, 67 Cyberspace Wing Factsheet, except as noted.
  20. ^ Musser, James (22 October 2019). "Factsheet Sixteenth Air Force (Air Forces Cyber) ACC". Air Force Historical Research Agency. Retrieved 8 February 2020.
  21. ^ Bailey, Carl E. (23 August 2011). "Factsheet 690 Network Support Group (ACC)". Air Force Historical Research Agency. Retrieved 9 June 2016.
  22. ^ Robertson, Patsy (20 April 2012). "Factsheet 692 Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance Group (AFISRA)". Air Force Historical Research Agency. Retrieved 9 June 2016.
  23. ^ Robertson, Patsy (20 April 2012). "Factsheet 694 Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance Group (AFISRA)". Air Force Historical Research Agency. Archived from the original on 9 August 2016. Retrieved 9 June 2016.
  24. ^ See Mueller, p. 34 (showing dates at Bergstrom)
  25. ^ Robertson, Patsy (20 April 2012). "Factsheet 548 Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance Group (AFISRA)". Air Force Historical Research Agency. Archived from the original on 27 September 2015. Retrieved 20 January 2016.
  26. ^ See Mueller, p. 433 (showing dates at Mountain Home)
  27. ^ "67th CW welcomes new commander".
  28. ^ "Brigadier General David W. Snoddy".
  29. ^ "Brigadier General Bradley L. Pyburn".
  30. ^ "Colonel Melissa S. Cunningham".
  31. ^ "Colonel Jeffrey A. Phillips".
  32. ^ "Colonel Sean C.G. Kern".

Bibliography

Public Domain This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency.

Further reading